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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 477: Interrelated Power Delivery Controls, Including Engine Control

This is the class for structure wherein operation of an engine either regulates or is regulated by the operation of a clutch, a gear transmission, or a brake.

Subclass 3: Electric engine

Class 903: Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Hevs)

This class includes arrangement or mounting of plural prime movers for mutual or common propulsion of a vehicle; it includes specific HEV topologies, components and arrangements of components specially adapted for HEVs, as well as controls of components specially adapted for HEVs.

Subclass 907: Electricity storage (e.g., battery, capacitor) (EPO/JPO)

Class 445: Electric Lamp Or Space Discharge Component Or Device Manufacturing

This is the residual and generic class of process and apparatus for the manufacturing, fabrication, repair, salvage, assembly, disassembly or other treatment of an electric lamp, liquid crystal display device or an electric space discharge device which process or apparatus is not elsewhere classified.

Subclass 1: PROCESS
Subclass 23: With assembly or disassembly
Subclass 24: Display or gas panel making
Subclass 25: With sealing

Class 62: Refrigeration

(1) processes and apparatus peculiar to removing heat from a substance, usually by a change of phase of a coolant or refrigerant, as by evaporation, melting or sublimation, (2) the resultant product of part (1), e.g., ice, liquefied or solidified gases, and (3) processes and apparatus peculiar to handling the latter as a stored product, not elsewhere provided for.

Subclass 260: Geographic, e.g., subterranean feature

Class 320: Electricity: Battery Or Capacitor Charging Or Discharging

Method or apparatus for controlled or regulated charging, discharging, or combined charging and discharging of one or more voltaic cells, batteries, or capacitors. Charging or electrically rejuvenating (e.g., depolarizing, etc.) a voltaic cell, battery, or electrical capacitor, wherein said charging or rejuvenating is accomplished by controlled addition of electrical energy into the cell, battery, or capacitor. Discharging - a voltaic cell, battery, or electrical capacitor, wherein discharging is accomplished by controlled release of electrical. A cell, battery, or capacitor structurally combined with a generator or electrical converter, whether or not electrical interconnection therebetween is recited.

Subclass 109: Charging station for electrically powered vehicle

Class 252: Compositions

(A) Compositions of matter, having or not having structure, physical form or heterogeneous arrangement of components and for which there is no provision elsewhere. (B) Packages of such compositions, or other articles which include such compositions for which there is no provision elsewhere. (C) Processes of making, or peculiar to making, such compositions and for which there is no provision elsewhere. (D) Apparatus for use in or peculiar to such processes and for which there is no provision elsewhere.

Subclass 62.51R: MAGNETIC
Subclass 62.55: Free metal or alloy containing
Subclass 518.1: Metal compound containing
Subclass 519.1: Compound viewed as composition (i.e., wherein atoms or molecules in a chemical formula are not present as whole small integer values or cannot be multiplied by a single-digit factor to yield integer values)
Subclass 519.15: Four diverse metals containing
Subclass 521.5: Halogen, carbon, phosphorus, or nitrogen containing

Class 428: Stock Material Or Miscellaneous Articles

This is the residual class for: 1. Stock material in the form of a structurally defined web, sheet, rod, strand, fiber, filament, cell, flake, particle not provided elsewhere. 2. Stock material in the form of a web, sheet, mass or layer which consists of or contains a structurally defined constituent or element. 3. A nonstructural laminate defined merely in terms of the composition of one or more layers. 4. An article of manufacture or an intermediate-article not provided for elsewhere. 5. A process for applying an impregnating material to a naturally solid product such as a wood beam, a sheet of leather or a stone, or for applying a coating to a base, and which process includes no significant method step.

Subclass 546: Having metal particles

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 296: Changing position or orientation of suspended particles

Class 310: Electrical Generator Or Motor Structure

This is the residual class for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to electrical generator or motor structure.

Subclass 306: Thermal or pyromagnetic
Subclass 307: With heat actuated bimetal element

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Class 349: Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements And Systems

Cells, elements, and systems which include molecules of a material having both liquid and crystalline properties. Included in this class are those which have a significant liquid crystal cell detail or liquid crystal response or properties, and in which the liquid crystal controls or changes the optical properties of electromagnetic radiation such as direction, phase, amplitude, frequency, or polarization state. This class also provides for nominal manufacturing methods for producing significant liquid crystal cell structure.

Subclass 58: Holder, support, frame, or housing
Subclass 60: Including resilient support member

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 107: Particle suspensions (e.g., electrophoretic)
Subclass 208: Waveform generator coupled to display elements
Subclass 596: Dither or halftone
Subclass 87: Liquid crystal display elements (LCD)

Class 290: Prime-Mover Dynamo Plants

Production and transmission of electric power and does not include any specific use to which the power is put.

Subclass 43: Fluid-current motors

Class 60: Power Plants

The residual class concerned with the driving of a load by the conversion of heat, pressure, radiant, or gravitational energy into mechanical motion. It includes a motor in combination with its energy supply or its exhaust treatment. It also includes the motors, per se, combinations of motors, and elements specialized for use in such energy conversion that are not specifically provided for elsewhere.

Subclass 650: Producing power by heating and cooling a single phase fluid
Subclass 716: System of plural motors having a common output structure

Class 29: Metal Working

Metal working or shaping - it comprises processes, tools, machines, and apparatus not classifiable in the specific classes relating to the manufacture of articles from metal. It has been made the generic class for the following regardless of the composition of the blank, stock material, or article recited or worked upon: (a) process of electric condenser making; (b) a burnishing process; (c) a process of manufacture; (d) apparatus used to assemble or disassemble.

Subclass 592.1: Electrical device making
Subclass 593: Including measuring or testing of device or component part
Subclass 825: Conductor or circuit manufacturing

Class 435: Chemistry: Molecular Biology And Microbiology

This class provides for the following subject matter when not provided for elsewhere: A process of using a microorganism or enzyme to synthesize a chemical product. A process of treating a material with a microorganism or enzyme to separate, liberate, or purify a preexisting substance. An in vitro process of measuring and testing in which: (1) A microorganism or enzyme is used to determine the presence or identity of a compound or composition in a sample; (2) A microorganism is identified by propagation; (3) An enzyme is identified by its catalytic activity; (4) The presence of microorganisms is detected; (5) A live microorganism is used in an antigen antibody test as an antigen; (6) Fixed or stabilized nonliving microorganisms, cells, or tissues are involved. A process of propagating a microorganism. A process in which the genetic structure of a microorganism or extrachromosomal genetic structure is altered. A process of organ or tissue maintenance. A process of mashing or malting. Microorganisms, per se, or the subcellular parts thereof. Enzymes, immobilized enzymes or enzyme containing compositions not otherwise provided for and the processes for purifying enzymes or forming immobilized enzymes. Compositions claimed or solely disclosed as for the propagation of microorganisms or for measuring and testing processes. Using microorganisms to destroy hazardous or toxic waste.

Subclass 287.8: Including multiple, stacked layers

Class 356: Optics: Measuring And Testing

Methods and apparatus (1) for analyzing light to measure or test its characteristics, such as intensity, color and polarization; (2) for determining the optical or nonoptical properties of materials or articles by noting, as by inspection, measurement, or test the effect produced by the materials or articles on light associated therewith; and (3) for measuring the dimensions of structures or the spatial relationships such as distances or angle bearings of spaced points by comparison of the respective properties (usually direction or spatial position) of the light from these points or by comparison of the properties of these lights with some scale or standard. The light analyzing includes or is for spectroscopy, interference, polarization, beam direction or pattern, focal position of a light source, shade or color, and photometers. The material or article properties determined are or involve crystal or gem examination, material strain analysis, blood analysis, optical pyrometers, egg candling, cutting blade sharpness, oil testing, document verification, flatness, lens or reflector testing, refraction testing, monitoring moving webs or fabrics, light transmission or absorption, light reflection, inspection for flaws or imperfections in materials, and thread counting. The dimensioning and spatial relationship determination includes triangulation by a light beam, contour plotting, range or height finders, motion stopping, velocity or velocity/height measuring, sighting where the optical element or reticle moves with the sighted object, particle size determination, particle light scattering, electrophoresis, angle measuring or axial alignment, mensuration or configuration comparison, alignment in a lateral direction, and fiducial instruments.

Subclass 237.2: Surface condition
Subclass 239.1: Transparent or translucent material

Class 1: