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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 358: Facsimile And Static Presentation Processing

Communication or reproduction of a static image or sequence of static images in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time by a method or apparatus involving at least one of the following steps: (1) scanning a static image to capture an image-containing area by resolving it into an area; (2) communication of an image-representative signal or image-representative data over any supporting communication network; or (3) reproduction of an image-containing area in response to an image-representative signal or image-representative image data by reproducing a corresponding image area which at least one of the two dimensions is elemental, simultaneously or in a sequence. In this class, a facsimile system or method is a system or method for the communication or reproduction of an arbitrarily composed image in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time, such as documents maps, charts, photographs, etc., but not motion picture film or video.

Subclass 1.9: Attribute control
Subclass 462: Text and image detection and processing
Subclass 471: Picture signal generator
Subclass 474: Scanning
Subclass 475: Facsimile illumination control
Subclass 486: Scan rate or document movement variation in accordance with data presence
Subclass 487: Facsimile transparency image scanning
Subclass 488: Document position detection
Subclass 496: Document moves during scanning
Subclass 497: Scanning element moves relative to a flat stationary document
Subclass 498: Document feed

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 167: Color correction
Subclass 172: For setting a threshold
Subclass 266: Edge or contour enhancement
Subclass 284: Combining image portions (e.g., portions of oversized documents)
Subclass 298: To change the scale or size of an image
Subclass 305: Image storage or retrieval
Subclass 312: IMAGE SENSING

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 204: DISPLAY DRIVING CONTROL CIRCUITRY
Subclass 211: Display power source
Subclass 212: Regulating means
Subclass 213: Synchronizing means
Subclass 545: Frame buffer
Subclass 659: Image rotates in response to display device orientation

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 208.16: Changing camera function based on motion detection (mode, power supply)
Subclass 211.2: Wireless
Subclass 211.8: Monitor used to control remote camera
Subclass 222.1: Combined image signal generator and general image signal processing
Subclass 333.01: With electronic viewfinder or display monitor
Subclass 333.07: Detachable
Subclass 333.13: Power saving mode
Subclass 374: For internal camera components
Subclass 515: Audio to video
Subclass 586: Foreground/background insertion
Subclass E5.043: Remote control signaling for television cameras or for parts of television camera, e.g., between main body and part of camera (EPO)
Subclass E5.047: View-finder (EPO)
Subclass E5.108: For the reception of a digital modulated video signal (EPO)
Subclass E5.111: For displaying different aspect ratios (EPO)
Subclass E5.114: For receiving on more than one standard at will (EPO)

Class 353: Optics: Image Projectors

Projectors for particular types of objects to be projected; such as maps and aerial photographs, targets, transparent plates, information data, microscopic objects, scales and indicators, and stencils or perforated plates. Various other species and types of projectors are also included here such as kaleidoscopic, heliostats, stereoscopic and relief, pointers, gun type, moving images on screens, episcopes and cabinets including screens. Various plural and composite types of projectors are included such as projectors involving plural projected images including multicolor, projectors for images combined with real objects, projectors with manual delineation, and plural projection with a single light source. Projectors selective at the operators choice are also included as where the selection is between a slide and a film strip, between a cabinet and a distant screen, and between opaque and transparency projection.

Subclass 119: HOUSING
Subclass 61: Particular air ducts or deflector
Subclass 70: For projection axis inclined to screen

Class 248: Supports

Devices which carry the weight of an article or articles or otherwise hold or steady it or them against the pull of gravity, and devices for holding an article to its support, which are not otherwise provided for.

Subclass 125.1: Vertically
Subclass 125.9: And bracket rotatable
Subclass 372.1: Biased
Subclass 188.2: Elevating or leveling device
Subclass 292.12: Including pawl and ratchet, mating serrations, rack and pinion, or gear

Class 455: Telecommunications

This is the generic class for modulated carrier wave communications not elsewhere classifiable.

Subclass 410: Security or fraud prevention
Subclass 411: Privacy, lock-out, or authentication
Subclass 414.1: Special service
Subclass 456.1: Location monitoring
Subclass 456.6: At remote station (i.e., mobile station)
Subclass 41.2: Short range RF communication
Subclass 63.1: Distortion, noise, or other interference prevention, reduction, or compensation
Subclass 67.11: Having measuring, testing, or monitoring of system or part
Subclass 82: Common antenna
Subclass 84: With a common signal processing stage
Subclass 550.1: Radiotelephone equipment detail
Subclass 552.1: Operable on more than one system
Subclass 114.2: Noise or interference elimination
Subclass 226.1: Measuring or testing of receiver
Subclass 226.2: Signal strength
Subclass 227: Responsive to an input signal of particular predetermined frequency

Class 379: Telephonic Communications

(1) Systems, processes and instruments for the two-way electrical transmission of intelligible audio information having arbitrary content over a link including an electrical conductor, between spaced apart locations, so as to enable conversation therebetween, and intended for the private use of a listener or a group of listeners. The term "intelligible" used above is intended to include the capability for transmission of speech or the like (e.g., music), rather than restriction to a specified audible signal, such as a bell or buzzer. (2) Switching, signalling or signal transmission peculiar to, or specified as for a telephone or a telephone system, except for multiplex communications as indicated in Lines With Other Classes.

Subclass 142.05: Authentication or authorization
Subclass 189: Fraud or improper use mitigating or indication (e.g., blue box, black box)

Class 380: Cryptography

Equipment and processes which (a) conceal or obscure intelligible information by transforming such information so as to make the information unintelligible to a casual or unauthorized recipient, or (b) extract intelligible information from such a concealed representation, including breaking of unknown codes and messages.

Subclass 257: Circuit switched network (e.g., wired telephone)
Subclass 270: Wireless communication

Class 396: Photography

Photographic apparatus, generally for recording a picture made by a source of light on a photographic medium. It includes fluid-treating apparatus for development of film, a removable film-holder unit, hood, camera housing, camera setting indicator and certain accessories related to photography not otherwise provided for such as studio structure, camera mounting or rest, camera attachment, retouching, or burnishing device. Non-chemical processes involving photographic apparatus are included in this class.

Subclass 287: Nonmechanical visual display
Subclass 3: Background or foreground
Subclass 429: CAMERA COMBINED WITH OR CONVERTIBLE TO DIVERSE ART DEVICE
Subclass 50: ATTITUDE SENSING
Subclass 661: MISCELLANEOUS

Class 702: Data Processing:Measuring, Calibrating, Or Testing

This class provides for apparatus and corresponding methods wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is designed for or utilized in an environment relating to a specific or generic measurement system, a calibration or correction system, or a testing system.

Subclass 150: Orientation or position

Class 165: Heat Exchange

Apparatus or process not provided for in other classes for transferring heat, or apparatus or process not provided for in other classes relating to an auxiliary device particularly adapted to be used with such heat transfer apparatus.

Subclass 80.3: Air cooled, including fins

Class 349: Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements And Systems

Cells, elements, and systems which include molecules of a material having both liquid and crystalline properties. Included in this class are those which have a significant liquid crystal cell detail or liquid crystal response or properties, and in which the liquid crystal controls or changes the optical properties of electromagnetic radiation such as direction, phase, amplitude, frequency, or polarization state. This class also provides for nominal manufacturing methods for producing significant liquid crystal cell structure.

Subclass 161: Heating or cooling element other than for exciting
Subclass 58: Holder, support, frame, or housing
Subclass 60: Including resilient support member

Class 352: Optics: Motion Pictures

Structure motion picture cameras, which record motion picture cameras, upon a single actuation a series of individual photographs which are separated in time. Generally the recording rate is related to the persistence of vision when the photograph series is used to accurately portray an action. Included in this class are exhibitors which display motion pictures and the motion picture carriers for use in the exhibitors. The exhibitors may display the motion pictures by either affording the viewer a direct view of the pictures with or without the aid of optical magnifiers, or optically projecting a real image of the pictures on a surface which is visible to the viewers. The exhibitors display the individual pictures of the motion picture series sequentially at such a rate that due to the persistence of vision of the viewer an illusion of motion is created. The individual pictures of the motion picture series may be carried on an opaque or transparent base, which may be in the form of a strip, a disc, a drum or individual plates. Motion picture cameras and/or projectors with perfecting structure are also included in this class. Plural arrangements of motion picture apparatus, and motion picture apparatus which is combined with or convertible to other devices are also provided for in this class.

Subclass 202: With ventilation and cooling

Class 362: Illumination

Means and processes for casting visible radiant energy in at least one direction to render objects in that direction visible.

Subclass 264: Including cooling means
Subclass 294: With ventilating, cooling or heat insulating means
Subclass 342: Louvered or grid type
Subclass 345: With ventilating or cooling
Subclass 373: With cooling means

Class 342: Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems And Devices (E.G., Radar, Radio Navigation)

Systems and processes for transmission or reception of radio wave energy for obtaining or utilizing information (using radio wave transmitters or receivers), as to an object, or as to the directional characteristics of the radio wave energy, per se. his class includes radar systems wherein radio wave energy from a transmitter is reflected or otherwise returned from an object to a receiver which may be at the same location as the transmitter; includes subsystems, components, and related processes which are limited to use in connection with the above. This class is limited to electromagnetic radio frequency waves in the radiation field.

Subclass 16: ECCM (Electronic counter-countermeasures, i.e., antijamming)
Subclass 378: Utilizing correlation techniques

Class 343: Communications: Radio Wave Antennas

Antennas for the transmission of radio wave energy through the natural media - air, earth, water, etc. for point-to-point communication or for the reception of such transmitted radio wave energy. Aparatus and systems which constitute part of an antenna transmission or reception.

Subclass 702: With radio cabinet
Subclass 895: Spiral or helical type

Class 369: Dynamic Information Storage Or Retrieval

Apparatus for the storage or retrieval of arbitrarily variable information which is retained in a storage medium by variation of a physical characteristic. The information is stored or retrieved by causing or sensing a variation of a physical characteristic of the storage medium by a transducer having relative motion along a continuous path.

Subclass 47.51: For storage
Subclass 53.26: Energy producing device

Class G9B/7.101:


Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 730: With housing

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.

Subclass 331: Movement-actuating or retaining means comprises cover press

Class 347: Incremental Printing Of Symbolic Information

Processes and apparatus for conveying information by selectively creating on a medium a visibly distinguishable symbol or mark composed of a plurality of portions; created portion by portion as, for example, by pixels or dots. The symbol or mark may be an alphanumeric character or an image.

Subclass 10: Drive waveform
Subclass 11: Plural pulses
Subclass 15: Creating plural tones
Subclass 43: Color type
Subclass 86: Cartridge
Subclass 87: With integral ejector
Subclass 9: Of ejector

Class 717: Data Processing: Software Development, Installation, And Management

This class provides for software program development tool and techniques including processes and apparatus for controlling data processing operations pertaining to the development, maintenance, and installation of software programs. Such processes and apparatus include: processes and apparatus for program development functions such as specification, design, generation, and version management of source code programs; processes and apparatus for debugging of computer program including monitoring, simulation, emulation, and profiling of software programs; processes and apparatus for translating or compiling programs from a high-level representation to an intermediate code representation and finally into an object or machine code representation, including linking, and optimizing the program for subsequent execution; processes and apparatus for updating, installing, and version management of developed code.

Subclass 121: Software configuration
Subclass 174: SOFTWARE INSTALLATION
Subclass 175: Including multiple files
Subclass 177: Including distribution of software
Subclass 178: Including downloading

Class 318: Electricity: Motive Power Systems

This is the generic class for system of electrical supply and/or of control for one or more electric motors where the electric motor is claimed in combination with such systems of supply and/or control and the electric motor as claimed constitutes the ultimate and sole electrical load device supplied by the system or constitutes the ultimate and sole electrical device being controlled.

Subclass 685: Step-by-step motors in closed-loop servos

Class 370: Multiplex Communications

This is the generic class for multiplexing or duplexing systems, methods, or apparatus.

Subclass 335: Combining or distributing information via code word channels using multiple access techniques (e.g., CDMA)
Subclass 342: Combining or distributing information via code word channels using multiple access techniques (e.g., CDMA)
Subclass 465: Adaptive
Subclass 487: Combined communication of diverse information types

Class 271: Sheet Feeding Or Delivering

Means for moving an individual sheet from a stack of sheets or positioning the individual sheet with respect to a location where the sheet is operated upon or moving or positioning the individual sheet after having been operated upon.

Subclass 109: Rotary
Subclass 117: Separator adjustable or retractable relative to pack

Class 386: Television Signal Processing For Dynamic Recording Or Reproducing

Apparatus and corresponding processes for processing a sequence of images, in which the light variation composing the images may change with time for dynamic recording or reproducing of the sequence of images. The processing involves the following steps: (a) Receiving a sequence of images from a local (e.g., camera, etc.) or remote source (e.g. broadcasting station, satellite, cable, etc.); (b) Converting the received sequence of images into a form suitable for dynamic storage, which form may or may not be reproduced later; or (c) Converting retrieved information from a dynamic storage medium into a sequence of images.


Class G9B/20.009:


Class G9B/20.033:


Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.

Subclass 478: FORMATION OF SEMICONDUCTIVE ACTIVE REGION ON ANY SUBSTRATE (E.G., FLUID GROWTH, DEPOSITION)

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass E21.474: Using mask (EPO)

Class 720: Dynamic Optical Information Storage Or Retrieval

This is the specific class for apparatus and corresponding processes for the storage and retrieval of variable optical or magneto-optical information based on relative movement between an optical storage carrier or medium and a transducer along a continuous path. It includes apparatus and corresponding processes for making copies or editing of optical records falling within the above definition, and also includes the record carrier or medium, per se, having particular information storage structure.

Subclass 601: Tray or drawer loading or ejecting
Subclass 652: Arrangement of internal or external components (e.g., space optimization)
Subclass 719: Disk protection

Class G9B/33.028:


Class 713: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Support

Subclass 182: SYSTEM ACCESS CONTROL BASED ON USER IDENTIFICATION BY CRYPTOGRAPHY

Class 327: Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, And Systems

This is the residual class for electrical devices, circuits or systems having an output not directly proportional to its input and comprising at least one component which can provide gain or can route electrical current and which device, circuit or system does not form a complete system such as is classified specifically elsewhere or a subcombination of utility only in such elsewhere classified system.

Subclass 544: Power conservation or pulse type

Class 365: Static Information Storage And Retrieval

Apparatus or corresponding processes for the static storage and retrieval of information. For classification herein, the storage system must be (1) static, (2) a singular storage element or plural elements of the same type, (3) addressable.

Subclass 227: Conservation of power

Class 711: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Memory

This class provides, within an electrical computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes and apparatus 1. for addressing memory wherein the processes and apparatus involve significant address manipulating (e.g., combining, translating, or mapping and other techniques for formatting and modifying address data) and are combined with specific memory configurations or memory systems; 2. for accessing and controlling memory (e.g., transferring and modifying address data, selecting storage devices, scheduling access); and 3. for forming memory addresses (e.g., virtual memory addressing, address translating, translation-lookaside buffers (TLBs), boundary checking, and page mode).

Subclass 170: Memory configuring

Class 399: Electrophotography

Electrophotographically reproducing an original by the action of light directly from the original to a photoconductive member whose electrical conductivity, electrical charge, magnetic condition, or electrical emissivity of a photoconductive medium is selectively altered by the action of light to produce an electrostatic latent image which persists after imaging based upon differences in such electrical property. The latent image is made visible by development; and the developed image may be made permanent by transfer and fixing, or fixing.

Subclass 238: Having dispensing
Subclass 367: Automatic document feeder
Subclass 371: Having position detection

Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 18: Activity monitoring
Subclass 19: Status updating
Subclass 72: Application-specific peripheral adapting
Subclass 73: For user input device

Class 482: Exercise Devices

This class provides for apparatus intended to be operated by a human user for the purpose of: (a) facilitating the conditioning or developing of a muscle of the user by repetitive or continuous activity of the user or, (b) participating in a track, field, gymnastic, or athletic activity, unless by analogy of structure or by other function the apparatus is classified elsewhere.

Subclass 8: Monitors exercise parameter
Subclass 9: To create or modify exercise regimen

Class 15: Brushing, Scrubbing, And General Cleaning

Apparatus designed or adapted for cleaning - for the removal of foreign matter - by any of the following means - viz., a draft or current of air, steam, or equivalent gaseous fluid, dry brushing along; brushing, and an applied liquid - i.e., scrubbing, beating, scraping, erasing, shaking, wiping, shotting, the use of squeegee, the application of an electrostatic field or any combination including one or more of these agencies.

Subclass 229.12: Fibrous mass (e.g., steel wool)

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.


Class 709: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for transferring data or instruction information between a plurality of computers wherein the computers employ the data or instructions before or after transferring and the employing affects said transfer of data or instruction information. The class includes - process or apparatus for transferring data among a plurality of spatially distributed (i.e., situated, at plural locations) computers or digital data processing systems via one or more communications media (e.g., computer networks).