Tynax ~ Patent Library

Patent for Sale:

Sampler and Concentrator for Aerosol Bio-detection Devices    

Electrostatic sampler and concentrator for biological aerosols


Biological aerosol sampler and concentration. IP is centered on an electrostatics based sampler which can be used for ‘gentle’ (i.e., while retaining viability) collection of biological aerosols. The accompanying IP is focused on electrostatics for concentration of bio-aerosols into a small volume.

Primary Application of the Technology

While the technology is primarily targeted for the biodefense arena, it could be adapted for other industries such as environmental, food, agriculture, health care and even space applications (dust mitigation).

How the Technology Solves the Problem

Particles can be removed from the air by giving them a positive or negative charge and passing them between two oppositely charged surfaces. This process is called electrostatic collection and is already used by air purifiers to remove dust. The seller has advanced this technology to produce a portable electrostatic air sampler that collects and concentrates particles from the air for analysis.

Competitive Advantage

Our advantages include (note that several of these are particularly relevant for comparison against the widely used inertial technologies):

• High efficiencies, even for small particles – since collection/concentration depends on a combination of particle charge and size, it provides an additional degree of control.

• Scalable air sampling rate – collection/concentration is governed by a balance of aerodynamic and electrostatic forces and electrostatic forces can be scaled to meet sampling rate requirements.

• High viability, “gentle” collection/concentration – bio-aerosols are not subjected to high shear rates, thereby preserving viability.

• Very low power consumption – air flow is not manipulated through bends and turn, so the pressure drop and consequently power consumption is very low.

• Compact, lightweight, low noise and maintenance

The seller may consider selling these patents individually.

Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 73: Measuring And Testing

Processes and apparatus for making a measurement of any kind or for making a test of any kind, and takes all such subject matter not provided for in other classes. The term "test" includes inspection, processes and apparatus for determining qualities by inspection being included where not provided for in other classes. This class is the generic class for sampling and takes all sampling apparatus and processes not otherwise provided.

Subclass 28.02: Particle charging
Subclass 28.04: Separator detail
Subclass 863.21: With constituent separation
Subclass 864.33: Capture by fluid current
Subclass 864.34: Sample meter or pump

Class 250: Radiant Energy

This class provides for all methods and apparatus for using, generating, controlling or detecting radiant energy, combinations including such methods or apparatus, subcombinations of same and accessories therefore not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 288: With sample supply means

Class 435: Chemistry: Molecular Biology And Microbiology

This class provides for the following subject matter when not provided for elsewhere: A process of using a microorganism or enzyme to synthesize a chemical product. A process of treating a material with a microorganism or enzyme to separate, liberate, or purify a preexisting substance. An in vitro process of measuring and testing in which: (1) A microorganism or enzyme is used to determine the presence or identity of a compound or composition in a sample; (2) A microorganism is identified by propagation; (3) An enzyme is identified by its catalytic activity; (4) The presence of microorganisms is detected; (5) A live microorganism is used in an antigen antibody test as an antigen; (6) Fixed or stabilized nonliving microorganisms, cells, or tissues are involved. A process of propagating a microorganism. A process in which the genetic structure of a microorganism or extrachromosomal genetic structure is altered. A process of organ or tissue maintenance. A process of mashing or malting. Microorganisms, per se, or the subcellular parts thereof. Enzymes, immobilized enzymes or enzyme containing compositions not otherwise provided for and the processes for purifying enzymes or forming immobilized enzymes. Compositions claimed or solely disclosed as for the propagation of microorganisms or for measuring and testing processes. Using microorganisms to destroy hazardous or toxic waste.

Subclass 30: Methods of sampling or inoculating or spreading a sample; methods of physically isolating an intact micro-organism
Subclass 309.1: Inoculator, streaker, or sampler

Class 95: Gas Separation: Processes

Processes involving steps resulting in separation of a gas from a fluid mixture comprising (i) a gas and solid or liquid particles entrained therein, (ii) a liquid and gas entrained therein, or (iii) a plurality of gases. As a general rule for this class, there must be a relationship of process steps embracing: (a) inflow of the fluid mixture to be treated, (b) a step or steps effective to cause the separation into constituent parts, and (c) an outflow of at least one constituent which is separate and distinct from the outflow of another constituent, including outflow of a constituent by removing the separating medium itself. The gas separation for this class is effected by processes other than chemical reaction.

Subclass 58: With addition of solid, gas, or vapor
Subclass 78: Including baffling, deflection, or restriction of gas flow
Subclass 79: Plural separate stages or zones (e.g., separate ionization and collection regions, etc.)

Class 55: Gas Separation

Class 55 provides for the gas separation apparatus that has not yet been reclassified.

Class 96: Gas Separation: Apparatus

Apparatus used in separation of a gas from a fluid mixture comprising (i) a gas and solid or liquid particles entrained therein, (ii) a liquid and gas entrained therein, or (iii) a plurality of gases. As a general rule for this class, there must be a relationship of apparatus parts embracing: (a) an inlet for the fluid mixture to be treated, (b) a means effective to cause separation into constituent parts, and (c) an outlet for at least one constituent separate and distinct from an outlet for another constituent, which may be for removal of the separating media itself, or a single outlet used at different times to remove the separated constituents. The gas separation apparatus for this class does not include means in which the separation is caused by a chemical reaction.

Subclass 52: With means for vapor or liquid contact (e.g., for gas separation, cooling, conditioning, etc.)
Subclass 61: Spiralling inflow, centrifugal, or whirl generating surface means
Subclass 70: Plural separate electrode members aligned in direction of gas flow
Subclass 71: Segmented electrode
Subclass 98: Collecting electrode details (e.g., sheet type, running length web, etc.)