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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.

Subclass 127: Encapsulating
Subclass 149: On insulating substrate or layer (e.g., TFT, etc.)
Subclass 151: Having insulated gate
Subclass 158: Inverted transistor structure
Subclass 17: Electrical characteristic sensed
Subclass 459: Thinning of semiconductor substrate
Subclass 562: Organic source
Subclass 578: Forming electrode of specified shape (e.g., slanted, etc.)
Subclass 586: Combined with formation of ohmic contact to semiconductor region
Subclass 608: Oxidic conductor (e.g., indium tin oxide, etc.)
Subclass 616: By transcription from auxiliary substrate
Subclass 666: Specified configuration of electrode or contact
Subclass 669: And patterning of conductive layer
Subclass 670: Utilizing lift-off
Subclass 671: Utilizing multilayered mask
Subclass 674: Selective deposition of conductive layer
Subclass 677: Pretreatment of surface to enhance or retard deposition
Subclass 685: Refractory group metal (i.e., titanium (Ti), zirconium (Zr), hafnium (Hf), vanadium (V), niobium (Nb), tantalum (Ta), chromium (Cr), molybdenum (Mo), tungsten (W), or alloy thereof)
Subclass 686: Noble group metal (i.e., silver (Ag), gold (Au), platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), rhodium (Rh), ruthenium (Ru), iridium (Ir), osmium (Os), or alloy thereof)
Subclass 738: Selectively etching substrate possessing multiple layers of differing etch characteristics
Subclass 778: Insulative material deposited upon semiconductive substrate
Subclass 780: Depositing organic material (e.g., polymer, etc.)
Subclass 82: Having organic semiconductor component

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 20: Field effect device
Subclass 24: Field effect device
Subclass 191: Having graded composition
Subclass 192: Field effect transistor
Subclass 252: Responsive to non-optical, non-electrical signal
Subclass 253: Chemical (e.g., ISFET, CHEMFET)
Subclass 288: Having insulated electrode (e.g., MOSFET, MOS diode)
Subclass 289: Significant semiconductor chemical compound in bulk crystal (e.g., GaAs)
Subclass 314: Variable threshold (e.g., floating gate memory device)
Subclass 405: With gate insulator containing specified permanent charge
Subclass 406: Plural gate insulator layers
Subclass 410: Gate insulator includes material (including air or vacuum) other than SiO 2
Subclass 411: Composite or layered gate insulator (e.g., mixture such as silicon oxynitride)
Subclass E51.005: Field-effect device (e.g., TFT, FET) (EPO)
Subclass E51.024: Selection of material for organic solid-state device (EPO)
Subclass E51.028: Comprising aromatic, heteroaromatic, or arrylic chains (e.g., polyaniline, polyphenylene, polyphenylene vinylene) (EPO)
Subclass E51.029: Heteroaromatic compound comprising sulfur or selene (e.g., polythiophene) (EPO)
Subclass E51.04: Carbon nanotubes (EPO)
Subclass E51.046: Silicon-containing organic semiconductor (EPO)
Subclass E27.112: Including insulator on semiconductor, e.g. SOI (silicon on insulator) (EPO)
Subclass E29.162: Insulating materials for IGFET (EPO)
Subclass E29.309: With charge trapping gate insulator (e.g., MNOS-memory transistors) (EPO)
Subclass E21.006: Active material comprising refractory, transition, or noble metal or metal compound, e.g., alloy, silicide, oxide, nitride (EPO)
Subclass E21.046: Ohmic electrode (EPO)
Subclass E21.122: Bonding of semiconductor wafer to insulating substrate or to semic onducting substrate using an intermediate insulating layer (EPO)
Subclass E21.193: On single crystalline silicon (EPO)
Subclass E21.567: Using bonding technique (EPO)

Class 73: Measuring And Testing

Processes and apparatus for making a measurement of any kind or for making a test of any kind, and takes all such subject matter not provided for in other classes. The term "test" includes inspection, processes and apparatus for determining qualities by inspection being included where not provided for in other classes. This class is the generic class for sampling and takes all sampling apparatus and processes not otherwise provided.

Subclass 23.21: With compensation detail (for error or drift correction, etc.)
Subclass 23.34: Odor
Subclass 31.06: Semiconductor

Class 324: Electricity: Measuring And Testing

This is the residual home for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to the measuring, testing (or sensing) of electric properties, (e.g., determining ground resistivity, determining frequency of an alternating current, determining kilowatt hour demand), or the measuring, testing or sensing of nonelectric properties by electric means (e.g., determining moisture, a nonelectric property, by measuring conductance with a resistance bridge; determining speed, a nonelectric property by use of an electric tachometer).

Subclass 71.5: Semiconductors for nonelectrical property

Class 422: Chemical Apparatus And Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, Or Sterilizing

This is a generic class for (1) processes of disinfecting, deodorizing, preserving or sterilizing and (2) apparatus for (a) carrying out chemical reactions, (b) preparing or treating chemical compounds or compositions even though only a physical reaction is discernible, (c) performing an analysis which involves either a chemical reaction or a physical reaction not elsewhere provided, for and (d) carrying out the above processes not elsewhere provided for.

Subclass 82.02: Resistance or conductivity
Subclass 90: With conductiometric detector

Class 428: Stock Material Or Miscellaneous Articles

This is the residual class for: 1. Stock material in the form of a structurally defined web, sheet, rod, strand, fiber, filament, cell, flake, particle not provided elsewhere. 2. Stock material in the form of a web, sheet, mass or layer which consists of or contains a structurally defined constituent or element. 3. A nonstructural laminate defined merely in terms of the composition of one or more layers. 4. An article of manufacture or an intermediate-article not provided for elsewhere. 5. A process for applying an impregnating material to a naturally solid product such as a wood beam, a sheet of leather or a stone, or for applying a coating to a base, and which process includes no significant method step.

Subclass 447: As siloxane, silicone or silane
Subclass 473.5: Of polyimide

Class 331: Oscillators

This is the generic class for electrical oscillators.


Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 527: Organic salt (e.g., TCNQ)

Class 977: Nanotechnology

This art collection provides for disclosures related to: nanostructure and chemical compositions of nanostructure; device that include at least one nanostructure; mathematical algorithms, e.g., computer software, etc., specifically adapted for modeling configurations or properties of nanostructure; methods or apparatus for making, detecting, analyzing, or treating nanostructure; and specified particular uses of nanostructure. the term "nanostructure" is defined to mean an atomic, molecular, or macromolecular structure that: has at least one physical dimension of approximately 1-100 nanometers; and possesses a special property, provides a special function, or produces a special effect that is uniquely attributable to the structure s nanoscale physical size.

Subclass 936: In a transistor or 3-terminal device
Subclass 938: Field Effect transistors (FETs) with nanowire- or nanotube-channel region