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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 233: Use of forces of electric charge or field
Subclass 277: Variable
Subclass 278: With significant electrode or terminal feature
Subclass 283.4: By diaphragm
Subclass 290: By varying distance between electrodes

Class 334: Tuners

The tuner serves to select and pass or reject a particular frequency from a signal presented to the tuned circuit while attenuating or suppressing the passage or rejection of any other frequency that may be present in the signal. Generally the tuner consists of an inductor and capacitor, one or both of which may be variable, connected together in such a manner as to form a resonant circuit. Included also are tuners with perfecting structure, such as a remote control circuit, a resonance indicator, tuner units with an electromagnetic operator, or tuners with automatic frequency centering circuits; tuners combined with or incorporated in other structure such as a tuner combined with a tube socket or a special punched chassis; tuners combined with or incorporated in diverse nonelectrical. Tuners constructed as by the type of actuator used or from selected material so that the impedance values of the tuner changes particularly well in response to a particular condition or change in a particular condition such as current and/or voltage; tuners usually of the mechanically variable type together with a condition sensing actuator which changes the mechanical adjustment of the tuner in response to a condition or a change in condition.

Subclass 10: Solenoid or relay operator
Subclass 14: Reactance tuning

Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.

Subclass 46: Compound semiconductor
Subclass 513: Plasma (e.g., glow discharge, etc.)
Subclass 514: Ion implantation of dopant into semiconductor region
Subclass 522: Including heat treatment
Subclass 530: Including heat treatment
Subclass 604: III-V compound semiconductor
Subclass 613: Bump electrode
Subclass 628: Having adhesion promoting layer
Subclass 677: Pretreatment of surface to enhance or retard deposition
Subclass 681: Of organo-metallic precursor (i.e., MOCVD)
Subclass 694: Combined with coating step
Subclass 706: Vapor phase etching (i.e., dry etching)
Subclass 710: By creating electric field (e.g., plasma, glow discharge, etc.)
Subclass 737: Substrate possessing multiple layers
Subclass 745: Liquid phase etching
Subclass 783: Insulative material having impurity (e.g., for altering physical characteristics, etc.)
Subclass 796: Compound semiconductor

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass E21.079: Preparation of substrate, preliminary treatment oxidation of substrate, reduction treatment (EPO)
Subclass E21.172: On semiconductor body comprising Group III-V compound (EPO)
Subclass E21.438: Using self-aligned silicidation, i.e., salicide (EPO)
Subclass E21.478: From gas or vapor, e.g., condensation (EPO)
Subclass E21.586: By selective deposition of conductive material in vias, e.g., selective chemical vapor deposition on semiconductor material, plating (EPO)

Class 556: Organic Compounds -- Part Of The Class 532 Series

The classes of the 532 series embrace monomeric organic carbon compounds and polymeric organic carbon compounds that are not solid synthetic resins, natural rubbers, or hydrocarbons.

Subclass 12: At least three carbons bonded directly to silicon
Subclass 13: Phosphorus containing
Subclass 136: Ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium, or platinum containing (Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, or Pt)
Subclass 138: Iron, cobalt, or nickel containing (Fe, Co, or Ni)
Subclass 45: Manganese or rhenium containing (Mn or Re)
Subclass 9: Silicon containing

Class 427: Coating Processes

This is the generic class for: A. applying or obtaining a coating on a surface. The coating may be hard or soft, permanent or transitory, supplied solely by extraneous materials or supplied wholly or in part by the base material. B. impregnating a base by causing a coating material to extend or penetrate into the base material, or into the interstices of a porous, cellular or foraminous material. C. taking preparatory treatments of the base material, subsequent treatments of the coated base material and other ancillary noncoating operations claimed, per se, processes limited to etching for making a base more compatible with, or adherent to, the coating wherein the base is the substrate (work) onto which a coating is applied are included.

Subclass 10: Electrical or optical
Subclass 249.2: Chemical vapor infiltration (i.e., CVI) of porous base (e.g., fiber, fibrous web, etc.)
Subclass 255.23: Mixture of vapors or gases (e.g., deposition gas and inert gas, inert gas and reactive gas, two or more reactive gases, etc.) utilized
Subclass 587: Resistance or induction heating
Subclass 593: Vapor deposition employing resistance heating of substrate or coating material
Subclass 9: Thickness or uniformity of thickness determined

Class 336: Inductor Devices

Inductor devices having capacitance or resistance; pattern controlled variable inductor devices and pattern tracing devices which actuate variable inductor devices; variable inductor devices operated by a condition sensitive means; electromagnets and permanent magnets; inductor device systems.

Subclass 200: Printed circuit-type coil
Subclass 223: Having conductor of particular shape (e.g., tapered longitudinally or of noncircular cross section)
Subclass 232: Planar type

Class 29: Metal Working

Metal working or shaping - it comprises processes, tools, machines, and apparatus not classifiable in the specific classes relating to the manufacture of articles from metal. It has been made the generic class for the following regardless of the composition of the blank, stock material, or article recited or worked upon: (a) process of electric condenser making; (b) a burnishing process; (c) a process of manufacture; (d) apparatus used to assemble or disassemble.

Subclass 592.1: Electrical device making
Subclass 593: Including measuring or testing of device or component part
Subclass 595: Indicating transducer
Subclass 602.1: Electromagnet, transformer or inductor
Subclass 605: By winding or coiling
Subclass 611: Heater type

Class 73: Measuring And Testing

Processes and apparatus for making a measurement of any kind or for making a test of any kind, and takes all such subject matter not provided for in other classes. The term "test" includes inspection, processes and apparatus for determining qualities by inspection being included where not provided for in other classes. This class is the generic class for sampling and takes all sampling apparatus and processes not otherwise provided.

Subclass 774: Specified sensor structure
Subclass 777: Semiconductor
Subclass 204.11: Thermal type
Subclass 204.14: Including digital or pulse measuring circuitry
Subclass 204.22: With sensor housing
Subclass 204.26: With substrate carrier (e.g., thin film)
Subclass 204.27: Wire type (e.g., hot wire)
Subclass 861.85: Anemometers
Subclass 514.33: Resistive sensor
Subclass 756: Mounting and connection

Class 455: Telecommunications

This is the generic class for modulated carrier wave communications not elsewhere classifiable.

Subclass 66.1: Having diverse art device
Subclass 67.11: Having measuring, testing, or monitoring of system or part
Subclass 90.1: Having particular application (e.g., avalanche victim assistance) of a transceiver

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 539.1: Radio
Subclass 602: Moisture or humidity (e.g., rain)

Class 156: Adhesive Bonding And Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture

This is the generic class for: Manufacturing processes and apparatus; manufacture of articles of commerce in which one of the manufacturing steps includes a chemical reaction; manufacture of panels from settable inorganic compositions; manufacture of electrical conductors of indefinite length.

Subclass 290: Bonding of facing continuously contacting laminae at spaced points only
Subclass 292: Of laminae having opposed facing areas out of contact
Subclass 297: Of discrete laminae to single face of additional lamina
Subclass 308.2: By tackifying substance of self-sustaining lamina to be bonded; e.g., autogenous bonding, etc.
Subclass 309.6: Involving defined plastic flow or melting of entire lamina

Class 366: Agitating

Apparatus for, and corresponding methods of operating on fluid, viscous, plastic, or fluent particulate material solely for causing portions of the material to move irregularly with respect to each other so as to intermix. The material may be in motion or at rest immediately before agitation.

Subclass 340: Plate or block being apertured, notched, or truncated in shape

Class 422: Chemical Apparatus And Process Disinfecting, Deodorizing, Preserving, Or Sterilizing

This is a generic class for (1) processes of disinfecting, deodorizing, preserving or sterilizing and (2) apparatus for (a) carrying out chemical reactions, (b) preparing or treating chemical compounds or compositions even though only a physical reaction is discernible, (c) performing an analysis which involves either a chemical reaction or a physical reaction not elsewhere provided, for and (d) carrying out the above processes not elsewhere provided for.

Class 436: Chemistry: Analytical And Immunological Testing

This is the generic class for: chemical test standards, analytical compositions, and processes which involve a chemical reaction for determining qualitatively or quantitatively the presence of a chemical element, compound or complex in a composition or a chemical compound, or an element or radical in a compound; processes for analysis which involve an in vitro antigen-antibody, immunological or protein binding interaction other than those involving a living antigen, or enzyme label; and processes of analysis or study of the chemical properties of a sample; the physiological effect of a sample; or chemical determination of a physical property of a sample. Compositions and their mere methods of use of thermoparticulating compositions. Combinations of tests or measurements with methods of regulating a chemical reaction not otherwise provided for in a chemical synthesis class or otherwise.

Subclass 180: Volumetric liquid transfer

Class 374: Thermal Measuring And Testing

(1) a characteristic or condition of an object or system utilizing heating or cooling as a significant part of the test and not provided for in other classes, or (2) a thermal quantity or condition. This class also includes circuitry and devices with structure unique to a thermal measurement or test.

Class 118: Coating Apparatus

pparatus for applying or obtaining a surface coating on a base and/or apparatus for impregnating base materials and takes all such apparatus not provided for in other classes. The coating obtained may be permanent or transitory. The coating may be supplied solely by extraneous materials, as in a painting or waxing operation, or may be supplied wholly or in part by the base materials as in the formation of an oxide coating on a metal base. The coating may consist of an emulsion, dispersion, solution, admixture or oil which is clearly disclosed as leaving a residual film, layer or continuous deposit on the base.


Class 216: Etching A Substrate: Processes

Chemical etching processes for treating articles of commerce or intermediate articles not otherwise provided for in which one of the manufacturing steps includes a chemical etching step (use of an etchant) and wherein the material treated is not completely removed.

Subclass 67: Using plasma

Class 977: Nanotechnology

This art collection provides for disclosures related to: nanostructure and chemical compositions of nanostructure; device that include at least one nanostructure; mathematical algorithms, e.g., computer software, etc., specifically adapted for modeling configurations or properties of nanostructure; methods or apparatus for making, detecting, analyzing, or treating nanostructure; and specified particular uses of nanostructure. the term "nanostructure" is defined to mean an atomic, molecular, or macromolecular structure that: has at least one physical dimension of approximately 1-100 nanometers; and possesses a special property, provides a special function, or produces a special effect that is uniquely attributable to the structure s nanoscale physical size.

Subclass 701: Integrated with dissimilar structures on a common substrate
Subclass 724: Devices having flexible or movable element
Subclass 856: Including etching/cutting
Subclass 857: Including coating

Class 423: Chemistry Of Inorganic Compounds

This class provides for what is generally termed the field of inorganic chemistry. It includes inorganic compounds, nonmetallic elements and processes of producing the same involving a chemical reaction. The products are generally in a relatively pure state but may be a mixture with no other utility than as a source material for an inorganic compound or element. This includes metal compound products useful in metallurgical processes of obtaining free metals.

Subclass 326: Metal containing (i.e., silicate)
Subclass 344: Binary compound (e.g., silicide, etc.)

Class 338: Electrical Resistors

Electrical resistors with solid, granular, or liquid resistance elements. These resistors may be either fixed or variable in resistance value. Semiconductors are included if limited by claimed subject matter to resistance properties, such as exists in photoconductive and thermistor type resistors. Included also are resistors with perfecting structure such as resistors whose resistance value is temperature compensated, or mounted on wheels or on a vehicle, resistors with heat dissipating projections, or with cooling gas or liquid circulation, or with heat storing, or with inductance or capacity reducing, or with electrical shields, or with a cleaner or a setting indicator in a mechanically variable resistor, or with a casing or housing, or with protecting structure spaced from the element, or with mounting or supporting means. Included also are resistors combined with or incorporated in other structure, as are resistors constructed as by shape or from material to change their resistance value particularly well in response to a particular condition or change in a particular condition such as current and/or voltage. Included are resistors usually of the mechanically variable type together with a condition sensing actuator which changes the mechanical adjustment of the resistor in response to a condition or a change in condition.

Subclass 22R: Thermistor type
Subclass 25: Ambient temperature