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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 250: Radiant Energy

This class provides for all methods and apparatus for using, generating, controlling or detecting radiant energy, combinations including such methods or apparatus, subcombinations of same and accessories therefore not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 551: Signal isolator
Subclass 559.16: Detection of diffuse light
Subclass 559.33: With robotics
Subclass 206: Photocell controlled circuit
Subclass 206.1: Having means to generate positional information in at least one plane of a target moving relative to one or more photodetectors
Subclass 208.2: Plural photosensitive nonimage detecting elements
Subclass 214R: Special photocell or electron tube circuits
Subclass 214.1: Special photocell
Subclass 216: Optical or pre-photocell system
Subclass 574: Scattered or reflected light
Subclass 225: Polarizing
Subclass 231.1: Actuated by dynamic external physical quantity
Subclass 231.13: Shaft angle transducers
Subclass 237G: Gratings (moire fringes)
Subclass 239: Housings (in addition to cell casing)

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 81: With specific housing or contact structure
Subclass 82: Discrete light emitting and light responsive devices
Subclass 95: With contoured external surface (e.g., dome shape to facilitate light emission)
Subclass 98: With reflector, opaque mask, or optical element (e.g., lens, optical fiber, index of refraction matching layer, luminescent material layer, filter) integral with device or device enclosure or package
Subclass 99: With housing or contact structure
Subclass 100: Encapsulated
Subclass 431: Light
Subclass 432: With optical element
Subclass 433: With housing or encapsulation
Subclass 666: LEAD FRAME
Subclass 680: With window means
Subclass 723: For plural devices
Subclass 784: Wire contact, lead, or bond
Subclass 795: With specified filler material
Subclass E31.096: Hybrid device containing photosensitive and electroluminescent components within one single body (EPO)
Subclass E31.108: Semiconductor light source and radiation-sensitive semiconductor device both having potential or surface barrier (EPO)
Subclass E31.117: Encapsulation (EPO)
Subclass E31.124: Electrode (EPO)
Subclass E31.127: Optical element associated with device (EPO)
Subclass E25.032: Comprising optoelectronic devices, e.g., LED, photodiodes (EPO)
Subclass E23.114: Protection against radiation, e.g., light, electromagnetic waves (EPO)
Subclass E23.175: Geometry or layout of interconnection structure (EPO)
Subclass E21.5: Mounting semiconductor bodies in container (EPO)
Subclass E21.505: Insulative mounting semiconductor device on support (EPO)

Class 398: Optical Communications

This class provides for all types of communication systems in which optical signals are used to transmit modulated carrier wave information between points. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence-bearing signal from one point to another in the form of variations in a characteristic of the light wave. The communication may be through free space, fibers or waveguides. These are used to transfer the information with an optical beam, and this beam can be used in various communication schemes to enable the most effective or desired method of moving the information, including optical multiplexing when plural information signals or plural transmitters and receivers are utilized.

Subclass 106: REMOTE CONTROL
Subclass 107: Bidirectional (i.e., monitoring or acknowledge)
Subclass 120: Power control
Subclass 127: In an office environment
Subclass 131: Including alignment
Subclass 134: Including optical fiber or waveguide
Subclass 138: Single device as transmitter and receiver
Subclass 164: Including optical circuit board
Subclass 166: Address directing connections
Subclass 167: Unidirectional or loopback
Subclass 212: Including optical element (e.g., lens, mirror, etc.)
Subclass 25: Determination of communication parameter
Subclass 42: Wavelength division
Subclass 79: Wavelength division or frequency division (e.g., Raman, Brillouin, etc.)

Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.

Subclass 56: Responsive to corpuscular radiation (e.g., nuclear particle detector, etc.)
Subclass 64: Packaging (e.g., with mounting, encapsulating, etc.) or treatment of packaged semiconductor
Subclass 66: Plural responsive devices (e.g., array, etc.)
Subclass 67: Assembly of plural semiconductor substrates

Class 385: Optical Waveguides

(1) An optical waveguiding element, which conveys light from one point to another through an optically transparent elongated structure by modal transmission, total internal reflection, or total reflectorization. (2) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with an additional broadly recited optical element which couples light or a combination. (3) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with structure which mechanically joins this waveguiding element with another or with a diverse optical element. (4) An optical modulator where the modulation of a light wave characteristic is performed exclusively within an optical waveguiding element. (5) Other miscellaneous devices formed of an optical waveguide (e.g., a waveguide sensing device) and supplemental devices which are limited to use with an optical waveguide (e.g., an external clamp or retainer).

Subclass 101: With electrical conductor in the same cable
Subclass 139: Plug/termination device
Subclass 143: Organic
Subclass 24: Plural (e.g., data bus)
Subclass 36: Prism
Subclass 55: Structure surrounding optical fiber-to-fiber connection
Subclass 56: Multi-part (e.g., two pieces screwed together or bayonet latched)
Subclass 60: Fiber end held in ferrule
Subclass 73: With additional optical element between facing fiber ends
Subclass 78: Fiber end held in ferrule
Subclass 84: Tube-type holding structure
Subclass 88: Optical fiber to a nonfiber optical device connector
Subclass 89: Plural fiber/device connections
Subclass 92: With housing
Subclass 93: Including lens
Subclass 94: Sealed from environment

Class 356: Optics: Measuring And Testing

Methods and apparatus (1) for analyzing light to measure or test its characteristics, such as intensity, color and polarization; (2) for determining the optical or nonoptical properties of materials or articles by noting, as by inspection, measurement, or test the effect produced by the materials or articles on light associated therewith; and (3) for measuring the dimensions of structures or the spatial relationships such as distances or angle bearings of spaced points by comparison of the respective properties (usually direction or spatial position) of the light from these points or by comparison of the properties of these lights with some scale or standard. The light analyzing includes or is for spectroscopy, interference, polarization, beam direction or pattern, focal position of a light source, shade or color, and photometers. The material or article properties determined are or involve crystal or gem examination, material strain analysis, blood analysis, optical pyrometers, egg candling, cutting blade sharpness, oil testing, document verification, flatness, lens or reflector testing, refraction testing, monitoring moving webs or fabrics, light transmission or absorption, light reflection, inspection for flaws or imperfections in materials, and thread counting. The dimensioning and spatial relationship determination includes triangulation by a light beam, contour plotting, range or height finders, motion stopping, velocity or velocity/height measuring, sighting where the optical element or reticle moves with the sighted object, particle size determination, particle light scattering, electrophoresis, angle measuring or axial alignment, mensuration or configuration comparison, alignment in a lateral direction, and fiducial instruments.

Subclass 139.1: Photodetection of inclination from level or vertical
Subclass 140: Apex of angle at observing or detecting station
Subclass 237.3: Detection of object or particle on surface
Subclass 28: With light detector (e.g., photocell)
Subclass 28.5: Of light interference (e.g., interferometer)
Subclass 3.01: Triangulation ranging to a point with one projected beam
Subclass 3.03: Using a source beam with a fixed axial direction or plane
Subclass 3.06: With a single photodetector having multiple elements
Subclass 3.1: Triangulation ranging to a point with two or more projected beams
Subclass 4.01: With photodetection
Subclass 438: Exhaust, dust or smoke
Subclass 499: Having wavefront division (e.g., by diffraction)
Subclass 5.01: Of pulse transit time
Subclass 5.03: Having one or more return pulse gates or windows
Subclass 623: Triangulation

Class 200: Electricity: Circuit Makers And Breakers

Combinations of circuit makers and breakers with electrical plugs, sockets, or other connectors are in this class. This class includes devices known as "controllers", "circuit-closers", "switches", "circuit-breakers", "interrupters", "distributers", "thermal-cut-offs", "fuses", and "electrical thermostats".

Subclass 61.52: Tilt responsive

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.

Subclass 566: For permanent attachment to panel, e.g., by welding
Subclass 571: Comprising or for use with supporting panel
Subclass 83: Contact soldered to panel circuit
Subclass 876: Adapted to be secured to conductor formed on printed circuit board

Class 174: Electricity: Conductors And Insulators

This class is for inventions relating to the structure of electrical conductors and insulators and insulators and the apparatus specialized to mounting, supporting, encasing in conduits, and/or housing the same. Conductors may be bare or be encased in insulation, may be single strand or plural strand, may be of single conductor form or there may be a plurality of conductors associated together to form a cable. Since all materials that have the property of being conductors of electricity and all devices made therefrom may be termed electrical conductors, only those structures that are specially designed to conduct electricity as their proximate purpose are placed in this class. Insulators are placed here when the structure thereof is claimed, which structure is specially designed for spacing two or more devices of different electrical potential from each other or for spacing one or more devices from ground. Since all materials which are poor conductors of electricity and devices made therefrom may be termed electrical insulators, only those structures whose proximate purpose is that already stated. Conduits are placed in this class only when some characteristic is claimed which limits the same to the electrical use.

Subclass 357: Metal mesh
Subclass 529: On lead frame
Subclass 536: Lead frame

Class 396: Photography

Photographic apparatus, generally for recording a picture made by a source of light on a photographic medium. It includes fluid-treating apparatus for development of film, a removable film-holder unit, hood, camera housing, camera setting indicator and certain accessories related to photography not otherwise provided for such as studio structure, camera mounting or rest, camera attachment, retouching, or burnishing device. Non-chemical processes involving photographic apparatus are included in this class.

Subclass 111: Optical detail with photoelement system

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 760: Connection of components to board

Class 372: Coherent Light Generators

An assembly of electrical, mechanical, and optical components produces an intense, coherent, directional beam of light by stimulating electronic, ionic, or molecular transitions to lower energy levels.

Subclass 50.1: Monolithic integrated
Subclass 50.124: With vertical output (surface emission)

Class 370: Multiplex Communications

This is the generic class for multiplexing or duplexing systems, methods, or apparatus.

Subclass 276: DUPLEX
Subclass 437: Adaptive selection of channel assignment technique
Subclass 526: Digital tone detection

Class 341: Coded Data Generation Or Conversion

1) originating or emitting a coded set of discrete signals or 2) translating one code into another code wherein the information signal content remains the same but the formats may differ. For classification herein, at least one of the codes must be a set of pulses or digits and electrical in nature.

Subclass 13: Optical

Class 455: Telecommunications

This is the generic class for modulated carrier wave communications not elsewhere classifiable.

Subclass 575.3: Foldable type
Subclass 90.1: Having particular application (e.g., avalanche victim assistance) of a transceiver

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 628: Smoke
Subclass 630: Photoelectric
Subclass 693.6: Configured to promote sensing capability (e.g., smoke detector)

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 272: Solid-state multicolor image sensor
Subclass 273: With color filter or operation according to color filter
Subclass 277: With three or more colors
Subclass 348: Using active ranging
Subclass 349: Using image signal
Subclass 370: With object or scene illumination

Class 709: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for transferring data or instruction information between a plurality of computers wherein the computers employ the data or instructions before or after transferring and the employing affects said transfer of data or instruction information. The class includes - process or apparatus for transferring data among a plurality of spatially distributed (i.e., situated, at plural locations) computers or digital data processing systems via one or more communications media (e.g., computer networks).