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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 370: Multiplex Communications

This is the generic class for multiplexing or duplexing systems, methods, or apparatus.

Subclass 208: Particular set of orthogonal functions
Subclass 311: Signaling for performing battery saving
Subclass 316: Airborne or space satellite repeater
Subclass 336: Combining or distributing information via time channels
Subclass 337: Multiple access (e.g., TDMA)
Subclass 347: Multiple access (e.g., TDMA)
Subclass 349: Using messages having an address field as header
Subclass 350: Synchronization
Subclass 469: Processing multiple layer protocols
Subclass 503: Synchronizing
Subclass 510: Synchronization information is distributed over multiple frames

Class 380: Cryptography

Equipment and processes which (a) conceal or obscure intelligible information by transforming such information so as to make the information unintelligible to a casual or unauthorized recipient, or (b) extract intelligible information from such a concealed representation, including breaking of unknown codes and messages.

Subclass 273: Rekeying system
Subclass 277: KEY MANAGEMENT
Subclass 43: Key sequence signal combined with data signal

Class 235: Registers

Machines employed for ascertaining the number of movements of various devices or machines; also, indicating devices where the purpose is to disclose the numerical extent or quantity of movement of a machine and where the device is separate and independent of the machine whose movements are to be noted; also organized machines, such as, cash-registers, fare-registers, voting machines and calculators having registering or counting devices as essential or important elements and having in addition certain other features necessary to make up the complete machines for the purposes desired.

Subclass 380: Credit or identification card systems
Subclass 441: Electrical contact
Subclass 472.01: Hand-held (e.g., portable)
Subclass 482: Hand feed
Subclass 483: Guides
Subclass 485: Aligning records

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.

Subclass 21: Concentric
Subclass 218: Coupling part
Subclass 22: Having axially facing contact surface
Subclass 289: Butt coupling
Subclass 325: Coupling part for receiving edge of planar board moving parallel to plane
Subclass 354: Rearwardly extending finger
Subclass 357: Resilient finger
Subclass 482: Test probe
Subclass 513: Having spring biased contact
Subclass 630: Having elongated slot for receiving edge of printed circuit board
Subclass 660: Plural-contact coupling part comprises receptacle or plug
Subclass 700: Having spring-biased, plunger-type contact movable along line parallel to longitudinal axis of engagement
Subclass 76.1: Within distinct housing spaced from panel circuit arrangement
Subclass 79: Panel circuit adapted to move along panel plane relative to coupling part for insertion of male contact

Class 455: Telecommunications

This is the generic class for modulated carrier wave communications not elsewhere classifiable.

Subclass 410: Security or fraud prevention
Subclass 411: Privacy, lock-out, or authentication
Subclass 412.1: Message storage or retrieval
Subclass 412.2: Having message notification
Subclass 418: Programming control
Subclass 419: Remote programming control
Subclass 425: Subscriber equipment
Subclass 426.1: Including other radio communication system (e.g., cordless telephone, paging, trunking, etc.)
Subclass 436: Handoff
Subclass 466: Auxiliary data signaling (e.g., short message service (SMS))
Subclass 502: Synchronized stations
Subclass 67.13: Noise, distortion, or unwanted signal detection (e.g., quality control, etc.)
Subclass 76: Synthesizer
Subclass 550.1: Radiotelephone equipment detail
Subclass 551: Number assignment module (NAM) detail
Subclass 552.1: Operable on more than one system
Subclass 553.1: Radiotelephone having plural transceivers (e.g., for analog and digital, trunking and cellular, etc.)
Subclass 556.1: Integrated with other device
Subclass 556.2: Personal digitial assistant
Subclass 557: Interface attached device (e.g., interface with modem, facsimile, computer, etc.)
Subclass 558: Card control element
Subclass 565: Restrictive dialing circuitry
Subclass 566: Having display
Subclass 567: Call alerting
Subclass 569.1: Hands-free or loudspeaking arrangement
Subclass 569.2: In vehicle
Subclass 572: Power supply
Subclass 574: Power conservation
Subclass 575.1: Housing or support
Subclass 575.3: Foldable type
Subclass 575.5: Antenna shielding
Subclass 575.7: Having specific antenna arrangement
Subclass 575.8: Protective cover
Subclass 90.1: Having particular application (e.g., avalanche victim assistance) of a transceiver
Subclass 90.2: Having particular configuration (e.g., C.B., or walkie-talkie) of a transceiver
Subclass 90.3: Having particular housing or support of a transceiver
Subclass 91: TRANSMITTER
Subclass 112: With frequency multiplication or division
Subclass 118: Frequency conversion
Subclass 123: Automatically controlled
Subclass 125: Automatic adjustment of tuning
Subclass 126: With feedback of modulated output signal
Subclass 127.1: Power control, power supply, or bias voltage supply
Subclass 127.2: Gain control
Subclass 127.3: Plural amplifier stages
Subclass 127.4: Dual mode (e.g., analog and digital)
Subclass 127.5: Power conservation
Subclass 188.1: Band selection
Subclass 196.1: Including variation of local oscillator frequency
Subclass 205: Frequency or phase modulation
Subclass 255: Local oscillator frequency control
Subclass 258: Utilizing particular local oscillator control
Subclass 259: Reference oscillator or source
Subclass 260: Phase lock loop or frequency synthesizer
Subclass 264: Voltage control of oscillator
Subclass 292: Transformer or other passive inductance
Subclass 296: Noise or interference elimination
Subclass 300: By shielding
Subclass 343.1: Having particular power or bias supply (including self-powered or battery saving means)
Subclass 343.2: Battery saving based on received signal
Subclass 343.5: Battery saving based on detected power source level

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 14.02: Over wireless communication
Subclass 14.07: Display arrangement (e.g., multiscreen display)
Subclass 333.01: With electronic viewfinder or display monitor
Subclass 333.02: With display of additional information
Subclass 333.04: Including warning indication
Subclass E7.079: Constructional details of the terminal equipment, e.g., arrangements of the camera and the display (EPO)
Subclass E5.042: Devices for controlling television cameras, e.g., remote control (EPO)

Class 343: Communications: Radio Wave Antennas

Antennas for the transmission of radio wave energy through the natural media - air, earth, water, etc. for point-to-point communication or for the reception of such transmitted radio wave energy. Aparatus and systems which constitute part of an antenna transmission or reception.

Subclass 702: With radio cabinet
Subclass 841: With electrical shield

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 800: With Shielding Structure
Subclass 801: Specific latching or retaining device
Subclass 816: Shielding
Subclass 818: EMI

Class 331: Oscillators

This is the generic class for electrical oscillators.

Subclass 12: With phase-shifted inputs

Class 327: Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, And Systems

This is the residual class for electrical devices, circuits or systems having an output not directly proportional to its input and comprising at least one component which can provide gain or can route electrical current and which device, circuit or system does not form a complete system such as is classified specifically elsewhere or a subcombination of utility only in such elsewhere classified system.

Subclass 103: Converting input voltage to output current or vice versa
Subclass 105: Synthesizer
Subclass 107: Having digital device (e.g., logic gate, flip-flop, etc.)
Subclass 108: Current driver
Subclass 119: Frequency multiplication (e.g., harmonic generation, etc.)
Subclass 172: Rectangular (e.g., clock, etc.) or pulse waveform width control
Subclass 178: Rectangular (e.g., clock, etc.) or pulse waveform amplitude control
Subclass 357: Quadrant
Subclass 359: Differential amplifier

Class 379: Telephonic Communications

(1) Systems, processes and instruments for the two-way electrical transmission of intelligible audio information having arbitrary content over a link including an electrical conductor, between spaced apart locations, so as to enable conversation therebetween, and intended for the private use of a listener or a group of listeners. The term "intelligible" used above is intended to include the capability for transmission of speech or the like (e.g., music), rather than restriction to a specified audible signal, such as a bell or buzzer. (2) Switching, signalling or signal transmission peculiar to, or specified as for a telephone or a telephone system, except for multiplex communications as indicated in Lines With Other Classes.

Subclass 201.04: Display arrangement
Subclass 357.01: Insertable control element or circuitry (e.g., card)
Subclass 368: Plural-switch number input device (e.g., keypad)
Subclass 387.02: Conversion of signal form (e.g., A/D, frequency or phase)
Subclass 388.04: Voice control of transmission direction
Subclass 390.01: Amplification or attenuation level control
Subclass 420.02: Hands-free loudspeaker feature
Subclass 428.01: Housing or housing component
Subclass 433.02: Speaker mounting (i.e., speaker phone feature)
Subclass 433.03: Microphone mounting
Subclass 433.13: Rotatable mechanism (e.g., hinge)
Subclass 434: Specified terminal configuration (e.g., novelty type)
Subclass 446: Telephone receiver support
Subclass 455: Handset holder

Class 381: Electrical Audio Signal Processing Systems And Devices

This class provides for: (a) wired one-way electrical transmission or processing systems for audio signals, (b) Stereophonic systems, which are not elsewhere classified, (c) instrument or process for converting an electrical audio information signal to or from humanly audible form.

Subclass 190: Electrostrictive, magnetostrictive, or piezoelectric
Subclass 303: Optimization
Subclass 306: With image presentation means
Subclass 335: Plural diaphragms, compartments, or housings
Subclass 374: Particular support structure

Class 375: Pulse Or Digital Communications

This is the generic class for pulse or digital communication systems using electrical or electromagnetic signals. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence bearing signal from one point to another in the form of discrete variations in some parameter of the electrical or electromagnetic signal.

Subclass 148: Multi-receiver or interference cancellation
Subclass 150: Correlation-type receiver
Subclass 219: TRANSCEIVERS
Subclass 240.01: Television or motion video signal
Subclass 281: Quaternary
Subclass 284: Antinoise or distortion
Subclass 296: Antinoise or distortion (includes predistortion)
Subclass 297: Power amplifier
Subclass 319: Automatic bias circuit for DC restoration
Subclass 332: Plural phase (>2)
Subclass 344: Automatic frequency control
Subclass 346: Interference or noise reduction
Subclass 350: By filtering (e.g., digital)
Subclass 356: Network synchronizing more than two stations
Subclass E1.01: Multistage acquisition (EPO)
Subclass E1.012: Parallel schemes (EPO)

Class 320: Electricity: Battery Or Capacitor Charging Or Discharging

Method or apparatus for controlled or regulated charging, discharging, or combined charging and discharging of one or more voltaic cells, batteries, or capacitors. Charging or electrically rejuvenating (e.g., depolarizing, etc.) a voltaic cell, battery, or electrical capacitor, wherein said charging or rejuvenating is accomplished by controlled addition of electrical energy into the cell, battery, or capacitor. Discharging - a voltaic cell, battery, or electrical capacitor, wherein discharging is accomplished by controlled release of electrical. A cell, battery, or capacitor structurally combined with a generator or electrical converter, whether or not electrical interconnection therebetween is recited.

Subclass 128: With charging
Subclass 152: Detection of current or voltage amplitude

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 233: Including details of decompression

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 161: Joystick
Subclass 168: Including keyboard
Subclass 555: For storing compressed data

Class 708: Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing And Calculating

This is the generic class for electrical apparatus and corresponding methods for performing calculation operations. There are three main divisions: 1. electrical hybrid calculating computers; 2. electrical digital calculating computers; 3. electrical analog calculating computers.

Subclass 203: Compression/decompression

Class 224: Package And Article Carriers

Specially adapted to be supported upon some person or object. The carrying feature predominates. Lifters and grapples are excluded because the hoisting or lifting feature is considered to control.

Subclass 197: Receiver rotatably or swingably mounted on attaching means
Subclass 271: Rigid means fixedly mounted on article and detachably connectable to support means on bearer
Subclass 272: Rigid means connecting carrier components

Class 341: Coded Data Generation Or Conversion

1) originating or emitting a coded set of discrete signals or 2) translating one code into another code wherein the information signal content remains the same but the formats may differ. For classification herein, at least one of the codes must be a set of pulses or digits and electrical in nature.

Subclass 143: Differential encoder and/or decoder (e.g., delta modulation, differential pulse code modulation)
Subclass 144: Digital to analog conversion
Subclass 22: Including keyboard or keypad

Class 330: Amplifiers

This is the generic class for amplifiers, included: Amplifiers having all types of active elements (or amplifying devices), amplifier systems having plural amplifier channels, cascade amplifiers, push-pull amplifiers and other amplifiers having plural amplifier devices. Also included are amplifiers with plural signal sources or plural loads. Amplifiers including the means coupling the signal source to the amplifier or coupling the amplifier to the load or between cascaded stages are also included. Amplifiers combined with tone control means. Amplifiers combined with amplitude (volume) control means whether by manual control, by control of an electrode D.C. bias. Amplifiers combined with power supply. Amplifiers combined with structural features of the amplifier or the amplifier circuit elements. Amplifiers having signal feedback means.

Subclass 129: With control of input electrode or gain control electrode bias
Subclass 132: Frequency selective means to select control signal from amplifier channel
Subclass 140: Rectifier in bias control circuit
Subclass 141: Time constant circuit in bias control circuit

Class 200: Electricity: Circuit Makers And Breakers

Combinations of circuit makers and breakers with electrical plugs, sockets, or other connectors are in this class. This class includes devices known as "controllers", "circuit-closers", "switches", "circuit-breakers", "interrupters", "distributers", "thermal-cut-offs", "fuses", and "electrical thermostats".

Subclass 5R: Multiple switch
Subclass 6A: Universally pivoted handle
Subclass 406: Including raised flexible snap element (e.g., dome)
Subclass 510: Push button actuator
Subclass 342: Including lost motion connection

Class 713: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Support

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes or apparatus for: 1. establishing original operating parameters or data for a computer or digital data processing system, such as, allocating extended or expanded memory, specifying device drivers, paths, files, buffers, disk management, etc.; 2. for changing system settings or operational modes in a computer or digital data processing system after they have been set; 3. for increasing a systemís extension of protection of system hardware,software, or data frm maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure; 4. for modifying or responding to the available power to a computer or digital data processing system or programmable calculator; 5. for synchronization of two or more processors; 6. wherein a clock or timing signals, timing pulses, or data associated with the control or regulation of any one or combination of processing components, memory components, and peripheral components are caused to operate in synchronization; 7. for generation, division, or distribution of clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals in a computer or digital data processing system from one or more sources into groups of continuous and successive time increments, and including event timing and counting, and the correction of the clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals; 8. wherein there is a significant temporal, incremental or sequencing control provided to one or more computers, digital data processing systems, processors, memory, or peripherals, or to data transmission between these systems or components.

Subclass 172: Intelligent token

Class 24: Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, Etc.

Buckles, buttons, clasps, cord and rope holders, pins, separable fasteners, etc., which have become so varied in use and so allied in structure as to belong to no specific art, but are novel only as to their structures. There are, however, several types of fastenings included where the devices are but slightly identified with the art and are closely analogous to the main titles above cited. Such patents are retained under more or less art titles. Devices which embrace fastenings as above, but also include elements which connect them with various specific arts, have been excluded as far as practicable.

Subclass 3.2: Arm or leg carried holder
Subclass 3.11: Article held by clip with spring (e.g., leaf, coil) member
Subclass 3.12: Article held by clip

Class 342: Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems And Devices (E.G., Radar, Radio Navigation)

Systems and processes for transmission or reception of radio wave energy for obtaining or utilizing information (using radio wave transmitters or receivers), as to an object, or as to the directional characteristics of the radio wave energy, per se. his class includes radar systems wherein radio wave energy from a transmitter is reflected or otherwise returned from an object to a receiver which may be at the same location as the transmitter; includes subsystems, components, and related processes which are limited to use in connection with the above. This class is limited to electromagnetic radio frequency waves in the radiation field.

Class 174: Electricity: Conductors And Insulators

This class is for inventions relating to the structure of electrical conductors and insulators and insulators and the apparatus specialized to mounting, supporting, encasing in conduits, and/or housing the same. Conductors may be bare or be encased in insulation, may be single strand or plural strand, may be of single conductor form or there may be a plurality of conductors associated together to form a cable. Since all materials that have the property of being conductors of electricity and all devices made therefrom may be termed electrical conductors, only those structures that are specially designed to conduct electricity as their proximate purpose are placed in this class. Insulators are placed here when the structure thereof is claimed, which structure is specially designed for spacing two or more devices of different electrical potential from each other or for spacing one or more devices from ground. Since all materials which are poor conductors of electricity and devices made therefrom may be termed electrical insulators, only those structures whose proximate purpose is that already stated. Conduits are placed in this class only when some characteristic is claimed which limits the same to the electrical use.

Subclass 368: Inserted contact member

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 5.51: Manual code input
Subclass 5.54: Password
Subclass 5.8: Authentication (e.g., identity)
Subclass 5.85: Password
Subclass 5.9: Commodity (e.g., vending)
Subclass 388.1: Diaphragm (e.g., horn or buzzer)

Class 333: Wave Transmission Lines And Networks

Electric wave transmission systems wherein electromagnetic wave energy is guided or constrained by a wave transmission device of the long line type other than loaded lines. Included are passive wave transmission networks simulating the characteristics of a long line wave transmission systems or wave guides, such as artificial lines, delay networks, resonators, impedance matching networks, equalizers, wave filters and transmission line terminations. Passive coupling networks and terminating networks having either lumped or distributed electrical circuit parameters and having impedance characteristics. Smoothing type wave filters having shunt capacitance, or series inductance. Networks including a wave transmission device and means for decreasing the amplitude range of the signal applied to the transmission device as the signal increases in amplitude and means for increasing or restoring the amplitude range of the signal after the transmission over the transmission device. Passive networks for producing an output wave which is the time derivative or time integral of the input wave. Systems including active elements for producing across at least two of the system terminals a negative resistance, and/or an inductance, or capacitance which may be positive or negative. Wave traps using long line elements.

Subclass 177: Transformer coupled

Class 336: Inductor Devices

Inductor devices having capacitance or resistance; pattern controlled variable inductor devices and pattern tracing devices which actuate variable inductor devices; variable inductor devices operated by a condition sensitive means; electromagnets and permanent magnets; inductor device systems.

Subclass 145: Plural coils (e.g., transformers)
Subclass 232: Planar type

Class 715: Data Processing: Presentation Processing Of Document

This class provides for data processing means or steps wherein a) human perceptible elements of electronic information (i.e., text or graphics) are gathered, associated, created, formatted, edited, prepared, or otherwise processed in forming a unified collection of such information storable as a distinct entity, b) a users interaction with a computer system is used to control the presentation of display data; such interaction is interpreted and used by a data processor or computer architecture wherein system level elements of computation or data processing techniques are used prior to use with or in a specific display system, or c) a small program takes over a display screen if there are no keystrokes or mouse movements for a specified duration.

Subclass 723: For video segment editing or sequencing

Class 329: Demodulators

A demodulator is a device which extracts an arbitrarily varying information carrying signal from a signal formed by varying a characteristic of a repetitious electrical or electromagnetic wave of less than infrared frequency in accordance with this information carrying signal. Classification herein is broadly by the type of modulation exhibited by the input signal. Combinations with basic subject matter included in this class: a demodulator combined with perfecting structure or incorporated in other structure.


Class 264: Plastic And Nonmetallic Article Shaping Or Treating: Processes

Processes for molding, casting, or shaping of nonmetallic materials to produce articles. Liquid or melt comminuting of materials other than glass or metal. Uniting or compacting of bulk or randomly assembled particles. Furnace Lining or repair. Melt shaping in the absence of a mold or shaping surface, e.g., spheroidizing of particles. Working or treatment of nonmetallic materials not otherwise provided for.

Subclass 132: Applying indicia or design (e.g., printing, etc.)
Subclass 134: Coating or impregnating workpiece before molding or shaping step

Class 427: Coating Processes

This is the generic class for: A. applying or obtaining a coating on a surface. The coating may be hard or soft, permanent or transitory, supplied solely by extraneous materials or supplied wholly or in part by the base material. B. impregnating a base by causing a coating material to extend or penetrate into the base material, or into the interstices of a porous, cellular or foraminous material. C. taking preparatory treatments of the base material, subsequent treatments of the coated base material and other ancillary noncoating operations claimed, per se, processes limited to etching for making a base more compatible with, or adherent to, the coating wherein the base is the substrate (work) onto which a coating is applied are included.

Subclass 258: Applying superposed diverse coatings or coating a coated base
Subclass 407.1: Synthetic resin coating
Subclass 433: Lead, zinc, or tin coating (e.g., galvanizing, etc.)

Class 709: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for transferring data or instruction information between a plurality of computers wherein the computers employ the data or instructions before or after transferring and the employing affects said transfer of data or instruction information. The class includes - process or apparatus for transferring data among a plurality of spatially distributed (i.e., situated, at plural locations) computers or digital data processing systems via one or more communications media (e.g., computer networks).

Subclass 230: Multifunctional

Class 250: Radiant Energy

This class provides for all methods and apparatus for using, generating, controlling or detecting radiant energy, combinations including such methods or apparatus, subcombinations of same and accessories therefore not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 208.1: Plural photosensitive image detecting element arrays

Class 711: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Memory

This class provides, within an electrical computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes and apparatus 1. for addressing memory wherein the processes and apparatus involve significant address manipulating (e.g., combining, translating, or mapping and other techniques for formatting and modifying address data) and are combined with specific memory configurations or memory systems; 2. for accessing and controlling memory (e.g., transferring and modifying address data, selecting storage devices, scheduling access); and 3. for forming memory addresses (e.g., virtual memory addressing, address translating, translation-lookaside buffers (TLBs), boundary checking, and page mode).

Subclass 115: Detachable memory
Subclass 165: Internal relocation

Class 33: Geometrical Instruments

Means for determining the characteristics and the mutual relation of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids, considered as having no properties but those arising from extension and difference of situation. It includes mechanically guided means for describing lines.

Subclass 366.11: Electrically actuated signal or indicator

Class 702: Data Processing:Measuring, Calibrating, Or Testing

This class provides for apparatus and corresponding methods wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is designed for or utilized in an environment relating to a specific or generic measurement system, a calibration or correction system, or a testing system.

Subclass 150: Orientation or position

Class 84: Music

Instruments used in producing music and includes (1) electrical music instruments, (2) automatic instruments, and (3) those hand played. The automatic instruments and the hand played instruments have a parallel classification so far as seems practical, and in both the patents are divided in the usual way into four groups, stringed, wind, rigid vibrators, and membranes.

Subclass 645: MIDI (musical instrument digital interface)
Subclass 464R: Producing color or light effects
Subclass 477R: Indicators

Class 704: Data Processing:Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, And Audio Compression/Decompression

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for constructing, analyzing, and modifying units of human language by data processing, in which there is a significant change in the data.This class also provides for systems or methods that process speech signals for storage, transmission, recognition, or synthesis of speech; and for systems or methods for bandwidth compression or expansion of an audio signal, or for time compression or expansion of an audio signal. There are three main divisions: linguistics; speech signal processing; and audio compression.

Subclass 201: For storage or transmission
Subclass 205: Frequency
Subclass 207: Pitch
Subclass 272: Novelty item
Subclass 278: Sound editing

Class 396: Photography

Photographic apparatus, generally for recording a picture made by a source of light on a photographic medium. It includes fluid-treating apparatus for development of film, a removable film-holder unit, hood, camera housing, camera setting indicator and certain accessories related to photography not otherwise provided for such as studio structure, camera mounting or rest, camera attachment, retouching, or burnishing device. Non-chemical processes involving photographic apparatus are included in this class.


Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 5: Input/Output command process
Subclass 244: Access prioritizing

Class 726: Information Security

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for processes or apparatus for increasing a system s extension of protection of system hardware, software, or data from maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure. It provides for protection of data processing systems, apparatus, and methods as well as protection of information and services. Subject matter included in this class includes security policies, access control, monitoring, scanning data, countermeasures, usage control, and data protection from maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure, and includes protection of hardware, and user protection, e.g., privacy, etc.

Subclass 1: POLICY
Subclass 16: Stand-alone

Class 386: Television Signal Processing For Dynamic Recording Or Reproducing

Apparatus and corresponding processes for processing a sequence of images, in which the light variation composing the images may change with time for dynamic recording or reproducing of the sequence of images. The processing involves the following steps: (a) Receiving a sequence of images from a local (e.g., camera, etc.) or remote source (e.g. broadcasting station, satellite, cable, etc.); (b) Converting the received sequence of images into a form suitable for dynamic storage, which form may or may not be reproduced later; or (c) Converting retrieved information from a dynamic storage medium into a sequence of images.