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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 711: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Memory

This class provides, within an electrical computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes and apparatus 1. for addressing memory wherein the processes and apparatus involve significant address manipulating (e.g., combining, translating, or mapping and other techniques for formatting and modifying address data) and are combined with specific memory configurations or memory systems; 2. for accessing and controlling memory (e.g., transferring and modifying address data, selecting storage devices, scheduling access); and 3. for forming memory addresses (e.g., virtual memory addressing, address translating, translation-lookaside buffers (TLBs), boundary checking, and page mode).

Subclass 103: Programmable read only memory (PROM, EEPROM, etc.)
Subclass 115: Detachable memory
Subclass 118: Caching
Subclass 135: Cache flushing
Subclass 141: Coherency
Subclass 151: Prioritized access regulation
Subclass 163: Access limiting
Subclass 165: Internal relocation
Subclass 166: Resetting
Subclass 170: Memory configuring
Subclass 173: Memory partitioning
Subclass 212: Varying address bit-length or size
Subclass 215: In response to microinstruction

Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 4: Address data transfer
Subclass 10: Configuration initialization
Subclass 52: Input/Output data buffering
Subclass 62: Peripheral adapting
Subclass 107: Bus access regulation
Subclass 306: Bus bridge
Subclass 313: Peripheral bus coupling (e.g., PCI, USB, ISA, and etc.)
Subclass 315: Different protocol (e.g., PCI to ISA)

Class 713: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Support

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes or apparatus for: 1. establishing original operating parameters or data for a computer or digital data processing system, such as, allocating extended or expanded memory, specifying device drivers, paths, files, buffers, disk management, etc.; 2. for changing system settings or operational modes in a computer or digital data processing system after they have been set; 3. for increasing a systemís extension of protection of system hardware,software, or data frm maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure; 4. for modifying or responding to the available power to a computer or digital data processing system or programmable calculator; 5. for synchronization of two or more processors; 6. wherein a clock or timing signals, timing pulses, or data associated with the control or regulation of any one or combination of processing components, memory components, and peripheral components are caused to operate in synchronization; 7. for generation, division, or distribution of clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals in a computer or digital data processing system from one or more sources into groups of continuous and successive time increments, and including event timing and counting, and the correction of the clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals; 8. wherein there is a significant temporal, incremental or sequencing control provided to one or more computers, digital data processing systems, processors, memory, or peripherals, or to data transmission between these systems or components.

Subclass 2: Loading initialization program (e.g., booting, rebooting, warm booting, remote booting, BIOS, initial program load (IPL), bootstrapping)
Subclass 176: Authentication by digital signature representation or digital watermark
Subclass 186: Biometric acquisition
Subclass 191: Upgrade/install encryption
Subclass 193: By stored data protection
Subclass 323: Active/idle mode processing
Subclass 401: Using delay
Subclass 501: Multiple or variable intervals or frequencies

Class 326: Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry

This is the generic class for electronic digital logic devices, circuitry and subcombinations thereof, wherein non-arithmetical operations are performed upon discrete electrical signals representing a value normally described by numerical digits.

Subclass 63: Logic level shifting (i.e., interface between devices of different logic families)
Subclass 68: Field-effect transistor (e.g., JFET, MOSFET, etc.)
Subclass 80: Supply voltage level shifting (i.e., interface between devices of a same logic family with different operating voltage levels)
Subclass 81: CMOS
Subclass 82: Current driving (e.g., fan in/out, off chip driving, etc.)
Subclass 83: Field-effect transistor
Subclass 84: Bi-CMOS
Subclass 85: Having plural output pull-up or pull-down transistors
Subclass 86: Bus driving
Subclass 87: Having plural output pull-up or pull-down transistors
Subclass 89: Bipolar transistor
Subclass 90: Bus driving
Subclass 91: Having plural output pull-up or pull-down transistors
Subclass 96: Two or more clocks (e.g., phase clocking, etc.)

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 102: Backlight control
Subclass 168: Including keyboard
Subclass 690: Intensity or color driving control (e.g., gray scale)

Class 708: Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing And Calculating

This is the generic class for electrical apparatus and corresponding methods for performing calculation operations. There are three main divisions: 1. electrical hybrid calculating computers; 2. electrical digital calculating computers; 3. electrical analog calculating computers.

Subclass 250: Random number generation
Subclass 251: Oscillator controlled
Subclass 490: Arithmetical operation
Subclass 523: Multiplication followed by addition (i.e., x*y+z)
Subclass 620: Multiplication

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 462: Audio
Subclass E5.108: For the reception of a digital modulated video signal (EPO)
Subclass E5.122: For the sound signals (EPO)
Subclass E5.127: Generation or supply of power specially adapted for television receivers (EPO)

Class 375: Pulse Or Digital Communications

This is the generic class for pulse or digital communication systems using electrical or electromagnetic signals. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence bearing signal from one point to another in the form of discrete variations in some parameter of the electrical or electromagnetic signal.

Subclass 288: Transmission line
Subclass 316: RECEIVERS
Subclass 340: Particular pulse demodulator or detector
Subclass 371: Phase displacement, slip or jitter correction
Subclass 372: Elastic buffer
Subclass 373: Phase locking
Subclass 374: With charge pump or up and down counters
Subclass 375: With frequency detector and phase detector
Subclass 376: Phase locked loop

Class 365: Static Information Storage And Retrieval

Apparatus or corresponding processes for the static storage and retrieval of information. For classification herein, the storage system must be (1) static, (2) a singular storage element or plural elements of the same type, (3) addressable.

Subclass 185.11: Bank or block architecture
Subclass 72: Transistors or diodes
Subclass 96: Fusible
Subclass 103: Semiconductive
Subclass 174: Semiconductive
Subclass 201: Testing
Subclass 225.7: Having fuse element
Subclass 236: Counting

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 50: Non-single crystal, or recrystallized, active junction adapted to be electrically shorted (e.g., anti-fuse element)
Subclass 365: With plural, separately connected, gate electrodes in same device
Subclass 366: Overlapping gate electrodes
Subclass 530: Anti-fuse
Subclass E21.598: Manufacture or treatment of devices consisting of plurality of solid-state components or integrated circuits formed in, or on, common substrate (EPO)

Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.


Class 716: Data Processing: Design And Analysis Of Circuit Or Semiconductor Mask

This class provides for electrical data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the following subject matter: for sketching, designing, and analyzing circuit components; for planning, designing, analyzing, and devising a template used for etching circuit pattern on semiconductor wafers.

Class 327: Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, And Systems

This is the residual class for electrical devices, circuits or systems having an output not directly proportional to its input and comprising at least one component which can provide gain or can route electrical current and which device, circuit or system does not form a complete system such as is classified specifically elsewhere or a subcombination of utility only in such elsewhere classified system.

Subclass 124: By periodic switching (e.g., chopper, etc.)
Subclass 147: Phase lock loop
Subclass 156: Phase lock loop
Subclass 157: With charge pump
Subclass 158: With variable delay means
Subclass 159: With digital element
Subclass 175: Duty cycle control
Subclass 176: Having digital device (e.g., logic gate, flip-flop, etc.)
Subclass 298: Single clock output with multiple inputs
Subclass 299: Single clock output with single clock input or data input
Subclass 355: Combining of plural signals
Subclass 408: Field-effect transistor
Subclass 541: With field-effect transistor
Subclass 543: Using field-effect transistor
Subclass 564: Integrated structure
Subclass 565: With specific layout or layout interconnections
Subclass 566: Having field-effect transistor device

Class 235: Registers

Machines employed for ascertaining the number of movements of various devices or machines; also, indicating devices where the purpose is to disclose the numerical extent or quantity of movement of a machine and where the device is separate and independent of the machine whose movements are to be noted; also organized machines, such as, cash-registers, fare-registers, voting machines and calculators having registering or counting devices as essential or important elements and having in addition certain other features necessary to make up the complete machines for the purposes desired.

Subclass 492: Conductive

Class 29: Metal Working

Metal working or shaping - it comprises processes, tools, machines, and apparatus not classifiable in the specific classes relating to the manufacture of articles from metal. It has been made the generic class for the following regardless of the composition of the blank, stock material, or article recited or worked upon: (a) process of electric condenser making; (b) a burnishing process; (c) a process of manufacture; (d) apparatus used to assemble or disassemble.

Subclass 836: Different components

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 572.5: Having tuned resonant circuit
Subclass 10.1: Interrogation response
Subclass 10.2: Contention avoidance
Subclass 10.4: Response signal detail

Class 349: Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements And Systems

Cells, elements, and systems which include molecules of a material having both liquid and crystalline properties. Included in this class are those which have a significant liquid crystal cell detail or liquid crystal response or properties, and in which the liquid crystal controls or changes the optical properties of electromagnetic radiation such as direction, phase, amplitude, frequency, or polarization state. This class also provides for nominal manufacturing methods for producing significant liquid crystal cell structure.

Subclass 68: With plural diverse light sources (e.g., for day and night)

Class 703: Data Processing:Structural Design, Modeling, Simulation, And Emulation

This class provides for electrical data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the following processes or apparatus: 1. for sketching or outlining of layout of a physical object or part. 2. for representing a physical process or system by mathematical expression. 3. for modeling a physical system which includes devices for performing arithmetic and some limited logic operation upon an electrical signal, such as current or voltage, which is a continuously varying representation of physical quantity. 4. for modeling to reproduce a nonelectrical device or system to predict its performance or to obtain a desired performance. 5. for modeling and reproducing an electronic device or electrical system to predict its performance or to obtain a desired performance. 6. that allows the data processing system to interpret and execute programs written for another kind of data processing system.

Subclass 15: Including logic

Class 315: Electric Lamp And Discharge Devices: Systems

Electric lamp and electric space discharge device systems: structural combinations with circuit elements; structural combinations with heating and/or cooling means; cathode-ray tubes; lamps and/or discharge devices as sole load devices; lamps; electric space discharge devices gas or vapor discharge devices; high vacuum-type discharge devices, and gas or vapor-type discharge devices claimed broadly; plural load device systems; art uses and combinations with art devices; testing electric lamps and discharge devices; and operating a lamp or a gas or vapor discharge device.

Subclass 297: Automatic regulation

Class 323: Electricity: Power Supply Or Regulation Systems

This is the generic class for electrical systems wherein a single electrical source is coupled to a single electrical load circuit and means are provided which control the magnitude or level of the current or voltage of either or both of said circuits and/or the phase angle between the current or voltage of either or both of said circuits. This is also the generic class for transformer systems and impedance systems.

Subclass 266: Including pre or post regulation
Subclass 280: With a specific feedback amplifier (e.g., integrator, summer)
Subclass 311: Using a three or more terminal semiconductive device as the final control device

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 91.5: Including P-N junction (e.g., a diode, a zener diode, or transistor)

Class 341: Coded Data Generation Or Conversion

1) originating or emitting a coded set of discrete signals or 2) translating one code into another code wherein the information signal content remains the same but the formats may differ. For classification herein, at least one of the codes must be a set of pulses or digits and electrical in nature.

Subclass 22: Including keyboard or keypad
Subclass 26: With particular key scanning feature
Subclass 56: To or from multi-level codes

Class 700: Data Processing: Generic Control Systems Or Specific Applications

This class is structured into two main divisions: (1)for the combination of a data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) AND a device or apparatus controlled thereby, the entirety hereinafter referred to as a "control system". (2)for data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) wherein the data processing or calculating computer apparatus is designed for or utilized in a particular art device, system, process, or environment, or is utilized for the solution of a particular problem in a field other than mathematics (arithmetic processing per se is classified elsewhere).

Subclass 84: Keyboard
Subclass 87: Editing/modifying

Class 380: Cryptography

Equipment and processes which (a) conceal or obscure intelligible information by transforming such information so as to make the information unintelligible to a casual or unauthorized recipient, or (b) extract intelligible information from such a concealed representation, including breaking of unknown codes and messages.

Subclass 29: NBS/DES algorithm
Subclass 30: Public key
Subclass 37: Block/data stream enciphering
Subclass 38: Frequency shift or inversion

Class 331: Oscillators

This is the generic class for electrical oscillators.

Subclass 111: Relaxation oscillator
Subclass 113R: Multivibrator type
Subclass 117FE: Field-effect transistor active element
Subclass 117R: L-C type
Subclass 135: PHASE SHIFT TYPE
Subclass 48: Adjustable frequency

Class 363: Electric Power Conversion Systems

Conversion systems wherein a single electrical source circuit is coupled to a single electrical load circuit.

Subclass 59: With voltage multiplication means (i.e., V out > V in)
Subclass 60: Including semiconductor means

Class 307: Electrical Transmission Or Interconnection Systems

This is the residual class for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to electrical transmission or interconnection systems.

Subclass 110: Parallel-charge, series-discharge (e.g., voltage doublers)

Class 370: Multiplex Communications

This is the generic class for multiplexing or duplexing systems, methods, or apparatus.

Subclass 360: Switching control
Subclass 392: Processing of address header for routing, per se
Subclass 402: Bridge between bus systems
Subclass 416: Contention resolution for output

Class 712: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Processing Architectures And Instruction Processing (E.G., Processors)

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for subject matter represented by a particular arrangement that includes at least one of the following means: 1. components of an individual complete processor, which may be formed on a single integrated circuit (IC); 2. components of a complete digital data processing system; 3. plural processors; or 4. plural digital data processing systems; wherein the particular arrangement further includes at least one of the following functions: (a) processing instruction data for specific processor architectures; (b) accessing or retrieving instruction data of a fixed or variable length from a buffer or other memory and shifting the instruction data to align it with a physical boundary of a buffer or other memory; (c) locating and retrieving instruction data for processing; (d) determining via internal hardware, firmware or software operations the meaning of operation codes, control bits, or operands of instruction data; (e) dispatching instruction data for execution (e.g., designating a register after resolving data conflicts); (f) dynamically testing instruction data and operands to assess conflicts related to data or hardware-resource availability (e.g., identifying data dependencies or utilization conflicts, attempting to resolve such dependencies or conflicts, or both); and (g) dynamically controlling the execution, processing, or sequencing of instruction data within a processor.

Subclass 24: Long instruction word
Subclass 32: Microprocessor or multichip or multimodule processor having sequential program control
Subclass 34: Including coprocessor
Subclass 210: Decoding instruction to accommodate variable length instruction or operand
Subclass E9.033: Controlling loading, storing, or clearing operations (EPO)
Subclass E9.041: Indexed addressing (EPO)
Subclass E9.082: Arrangements for executing sub-programs, i.e., combinations of several instructions (EPO)

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 100: APPLICATIONS
Subclass 115: Personnel identification (e.g., biometrics)
Subclass 116: Using a combination of features (e.g., signature and fingerprint)
Subclass 120: Sensing pressure together with speed or acceleration
Subclass 122: Sensing speed or acceleration only
Subclass 124: Using a fingerprint
Subclass 125: Extracting minutia such as ridge endings and bifurcations
Subclass 261: Adaptive filter

Class 714: Error Detection/Correction And Fault Detection/Recovery

This class provides for process or apparatus for detecting and correcting errors in electrical pulse or pulse coded data; it also provides for process or apparatus for detecting and recovering from faults in electrical computers and digital data processing systems, as well as logic level based systems.

Subclass 750: Feedback to transmitter for comparison
Subclass 764: Error correct and restore
Subclass 768: Error correction code for memory address

Class 726: Information Security

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for processes or apparatus for increasing a system s extension of protection of system hardware, software, or data from maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure. It provides for protection of data processing systems, apparatus, and methods as well as protection of information and services. Subject matter included in this class includes security policies, access control, monitoring, scanning data, countermeasures, usage control, and data protection from maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure, and includes protection of hardware, and user protection, e.g., privacy, etc.

Subclass 27: Access control