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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 104: System configuring
Subclass 116: Dynamic bus prioritization
Subclass 119: Decentralized bus arbitration

Class 73: Measuring And Testing

Processes and apparatus for making a measurement of any kind or for making a test of any kind, and takes all such subject matter not provided for in other classes. The term "test" includes inspection, processes and apparatus for determining qualities by inspection being included where not provided for in other classes. This class is the generic class for sampling and takes all sampling apparatus and processes not otherwise provided.

Subclass 1.15: Load cell (e.g., strain gauge or piezoelectric sensor)
Subclass 54.07: By time interval of travel or flow rate measuring

Class 375: Pulse Or Digital Communications

This is the generic class for pulse or digital communication systems using electrical or electromagnetic signals. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence bearing signal from one point to another in the form of discrete variations in some parameter of the electrical or electromagnetic signal.


Class 332: Modulators

A modulator combined with structure for measuring or indicating some aspect of the modulation process or characteristic of the modulated signal is classified here. Specifically, measurement or indication of a frequency or amplitude modulator A specific modulating signal source (e.g., microphone or photocell). A combination including both a modulator and a demodulator is classified.

Subclass 112: Pulse position, frequency, phase, or spacing modulator

Class 716: Data Processing: Design And Analysis Of Circuit Or Semiconductor Mask

This class provides for electrical data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the following subject matter: for sketching, designing, and analyzing circuit components; for planning, designing, analyzing, and devising a template used for etching circuit pattern on semiconductor wafers.

Class 707: Data Processing:Database And File Management Or Data Structures

This is the generic class for data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the retrieval of data stored in a database or as computer files. It provides for data processing means or steps for generic data, file and directory upkeeping, file naming, and file and database maintenance including integrity consideration, recovery, and versioning. There are three main divisions: 1. database and file accessing; 2. database schema and data structure; 3. file and database maintenance.

Subclass E17.012: Trees (EPO)

Class 216: Etching A Substrate: Processes

Chemical etching processes for treating articles of commerce or intermediate articles not otherwise provided for in which one of the manufacturing steps includes a chemical etching step (use of an etchant) and wherein the material treated is not completely removed.

Subclass 48: Mask is exposed to nonimaging radiation
Subclass 62: Irradiating, ion implanting, alloying, diffusing, or chemically reacting the substrate prior to etching to change properties of substrate toward the etchant
Subclass 67: Using plasma
Subclass 75: Substrate contains elemental metal, alloy thereof, or metal compound

Class 385: Optical Waveguides

(1) An optical waveguiding element, which conveys light from one point to another through an optically transparent elongated structure by modal transmission, total internal reflection, or total reflectorization. (2) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with an additional broadly recited optical element which couples light or a combination. (3) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with structure which mechanically joins this waveguiding element with another or with a diverse optical element. (4) An optical modulator where the modulation of a light wave characteristic is performed exclusively within an optical waveguiding element. (5) Other miscellaneous devices formed of an optical waveguide (e.g., a waveguide sensing device) and supplemental devices which are limited to use with an optical waveguide (e.g., an external clamp or retainer).

Subclass 16: Switch (i.e., switching from one terminal to another, not modulation)
Subclass 40: Electrodes on or near the coupling region

Class 711: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Memory

This class provides, within an electrical computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes and apparatus 1. for addressing memory wherein the processes and apparatus involve significant address manipulating (e.g., combining, translating, or mapping and other techniques for formatting and modifying address data) and are combined with specific memory configurations or memory systems; 2. for accessing and controlling memory (e.g., transferring and modifying address data, selecting storage devices, scheduling access); and 3. for forming memory addresses (e.g., virtual memory addressing, address translating, translation-lookaside buffers (TLBs), boundary checking, and page mode).

Subclass 130: Shared cache
Subclass 141: Coherency
Subclass 142: Write-through
Subclass 143: Write-back
Subclass 146: Snooping
Subclass 147: Shared memory area
Subclass 170: Memory configuring

Class 713: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Support

Subclass 324: By shutdown of only part of system

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 252: With particular medium or state of the medium
Subclass 253: Liquid medium
Subclass 280: Magneto-optic
Subclass 296: Changing position or orientation of suspended particles
Subclass 320: Switching

Class 252: Compositions

(A) Compositions of matter, having or not having structure, physical form or heterogeneous arrangement of components and for which there is no provision elsewhere. (B) Packages of such compositions, or other articles which include such compositions for which there is no provision elsewhere. (C) Processes of making, or peculiar to making, such compositions and for which there is no provision elsewhere. (D) Apparatus for use in or peculiar to such processes and for which there is no provision elsewhere.

Subclass 572: Metal- or insoluble component-containing; e.g., slurry, grease, etc.
Subclass 62.52: Flaw detection or magnetic clutch
Subclass 74: Metal compounds or inorganic components (except water)

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 188: Having narrow energy band gap (<<1eV) layer (e.g., PbSnTe, HgCdTe, etc.)
Subclass 295: With ferroelectric material layer
Subclass 30: Tunneling through region of reduced conductivity
Subclass 421: Magnetic field
Subclass 422: With magnetic field directing means (e.g., shield, pole piece, etc.)