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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 689: Fluid
Subclass 754: With ejector means
Subclass 800: With Shielding Structure
Subclass 816: Shielding
Subclass 818: EMI

Class 174: Electricity: Conductors And Insulators

This class is for inventions relating to the structure of electrical conductors and insulators and insulators and the apparatus specialized to mounting, supporting, encasing in conduits, and/or housing the same. Conductors may be bare or be encased in insulation, may be single strand or plural strand, may be of single conductor form or there may be a plurality of conductors associated together to form a cable. Since all materials that have the property of being conductors of electricity and all devices made therefrom may be termed electrical conductors, only those structures that are specially designed to conduct electricity as their proximate purpose are placed in this class. Insulators are placed here when the structure thereof is claimed, which structure is specially designed for spacing two or more devices of different electrical potential from each other or for spacing one or more devices from ground. Since all materials which are poor conductors of electricity and devices made therefrom may be termed electrical insulators, only those structures whose proximate purpose is that already stated. Conduits are placed in this class only when some characteristic is claimed which limits the same to the electrical use.

Subclass 358: Polymeric gasket
Subclass 370: Polymeric gasket
Subclass 377: Housing or panel
Subclass 250: Preformed panel circuit arrangement (e.g., printed circuit)

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 24: Field effect device
Subclass 369: Complementary insulated gate field effect transistors
Subclass 712: With provision for cooling the housing or its contents
Subclass 713: For integrated circuit
Subclass 714: Liquid coolant
Subclass 772: Solder composition
Subclass 773: Of specified configuration
Subclass 779: Solder wettable contact, lead, or bond
Subclass E51.024: Selection of material for organic solid-state device (EPO)
Subclass E51.027: Organic polymer or oligomer (EPO)
Subclass E29.022: Characterized by shape of semiconductor body (EPO)
Subclass E23.021: Bump or ball contacts (EPO)
Subclass E23.145: Via connections in multilevel interconnection structure (EPO)
Subclass E21.499: Assembling semiconductor devices, e.g., packaging , including mounting, encapsulating, or treatment of packaged semiconductor (EPO)
Subclass E21.508: Forming solder bumps (EPO)
Subclass E21.584: Barrier, adhesion or liner layer (EPO)
Subclass E21.632: Complementary field-effect transistors, e.g., CMOS (EPO)

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.

Subclass 108: Grounding of coupling part
Subclass 638: Two or more plural-contact coupling parts combined in one integral unit

Class 29: Metal Working

Metal working or shaping - it comprises processes, tools, machines, and apparatus not classifiable in the specific classes relating to the manufacture of articles from metal. It has been made the generic class for the following regardless of the composition of the blank, stock material, or article recited or worked upon: (a) process of electric condenser making; (b) a burnishing process; (c) a process of manufacture; (d) apparatus used to assemble or disassemble.

Subclass 825: Conductor or circuit manufacturing
Subclass 829: On flat or curved insulated base, e.g., printed circuit, etc.
Subclass 830: Assembling bases
Subclass 831: Assembling formed circuit to base
Subclass 835: And shaping, e.g., cutting or bending, etc.
Subclass 846: Manufacturing circuit on or in base
Subclass 847: With selective destruction of conductive paths
Subclass 851: With sintering of base
Subclass 437: By deforming interlock
Subclass 513: By bending over projecting prongs
Subclass 525.06: Riveting

Class 220: Receptacles

Receptacles comprised of a peripheral wall with at least one closed end, and having an access opening which may be an open end of the receptacles, or which may be provided in the peripheral wall or closed end of the receptacle. Receptacles of this class type must function, by disclosure, to hold contents which in turn are to be eventually removed from the receptacle.

Subclass 241: Face plate type

Class 375: Pulse Or Digital Communications

This is the generic class for pulse or digital communication systems using electrical or electromagnetic signals. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence bearing signal from one point to another in the form of discrete variations in some parameter of the electrical or electromagnetic signal.

Subclass 359: Self-synchronizing signal (self-clocking codes, etc.)
Subclass 360: With transition detector

Class 327: Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, And Systems

This is the residual class for electrical devices, circuits or systems having an output not directly proportional to its input and comprising at least one component which can provide gain or can route electrical current and which device, circuit or system does not form a complete system such as is classified specifically elsewhere or a subcombination of utility only in such elsewhere classified system.

Subclass 165: Regenerating or restoring rectangular (e.g., clock, etc.) or pulse waveform
Subclass 291: Clock or pulse waveform generating

Class 370: Multiplex Communications

This is the generic class for multiplexing or duplexing systems, methods, or apparatus.

Subclass 518: Provide plural phases of a clocking signal

Class 427: Coating Processes

This is the generic class for: A. applying or obtaining a coating on a surface. The coating may be hard or soft, permanent or transitory, supplied solely by extraneous materials or supplied wholly or in part by the base material. B. impregnating a base by causing a coating material to extend or penetrate into the base material, or into the interstices of a porous, cellular or foraminous material. C. taking preparatory treatments of the base material, subsequent treatments of the coated base material and other ancillary noncoating operations claimed, per se, processes limited to etching for making a base more compatible with, or adherent to, the coating wherein the base is the substrate (work) onto which a coating is applied are included.

Subclass 2.24: Implantable permanent prosthesis (i.e., artificial body member) (e.g., pacemaker, lens, cornea, glaucoma shunt, heart valve, muscle, spinal disc, breast, internal organ)
Subclass 2.25: Liquid conveying (e.g., vascular, arterial, bile duct, urethra)
Subclass 244: Filter, sponge, or foam
Subclass 255.21: Base includes inorganic metal containing compound
Subclass 374.1: And cooling
Subclass 421.1: SPRAYING
Subclass 422: Heated coating material
Subclass 424: Moving the base
Subclass 425: Rotating or inverting
Subclass 427.2: With programmed control or using mechanized nozzle or projector (e.g., robotic sprayer, etc.)
Subclass 427.3: Moving nozzle or projector
Subclass 427.4: Polymer containing coating material
Subclass 427.5: Metal base
Subclass 491: Organic substrate
Subclass 534: Cleaning or removing part of substrate (e.g., etching with plasma, glow discharge, etc.)
Subclass 536: Organic substrate
Subclass 539: Oxygen containing atmosphere
Subclass 569: Plasma (e.g., corona, glow discharge, cold plasma, etc.)

Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.

Subclass 263: Tunneling insulator
Subclass 264: Tunneling insulator
Subclass 486: And subsequent crystallization
Subclass 487: Utilizing wave energy (e.g., laser, electron beam, etc.)
Subclass 500: Fluid growth from liquid combined with subsequent diverse operation
Subclass 502: Heat treatment
Subclass 612: Forming solder contact or bonding pad
Subclass 613: Bump electrode
Subclass 643: At least one layer forms a diffusion barrier
Subclass 648: Having refractory group metal (i.e., titanium (Ti), zirconium (Zr), hafnium (Hf), vanadium (V), niobium (Nb), tantalum (Ta), chromium (Cr), molybdenum (Mo), tungsten (W), or alloy thereof)
Subclass 672: Plug formation (i.e., in viahole)
Subclass 675: Plug formation (i.e., in viahole)
Subclass 685: Refractory group metal (i.e., titanium (Ti), zirconium (Zr), hafnium (Hf), vanadium (V), niobium (Nb), tantalum (Ta), chromium (Cr), molybdenum (Mo), tungsten (W), or alloy thereof)
Subclass 688: Aluminum or aluminum alloy conductor

Class 430: Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, Or Product Thereof

This is the generic class for: (1) Forming the likeness of an object, or an instrumented or discernible phenomenon, in a chemically defined receiver or in a receiver wherein radiation produces a chemical reaction, by use of radiation. (2) Finishing an image by chemical processing regardless how formed. (3) A radiation sensitive receiver, composition, or product disclosed solely for radiation imagery chemistry, and process of making same. (4) A nonradiation sensitive-receiver, composition, or product. (5) An imaged product by a process or employing a receiver, composition, or product.

Subclass 130: Thermal or energy treatment of radiation-sensitive layer, e.g., fusing, annealing, or solvent after treatment of radiation-sensitive layer, etc.
Subclass 318: Metal etched
Subclass 320: Making named article

Class 264: Plastic And Nonmetallic Article Shaping Or Treating: Processes

Processes for molding, casting, or shaping of nonmetallic materials to produce articles. Liquid or melt comminuting of materials other than glass or metal. Uniting or compacting of bulk or randomly assembled particles. Furnace Lining or repair. Melt shaping in the absence of a mold or shaping surface, e.g., spheroidizing of particles. Working or treatment of nonmetallic materials not otherwise provided for.

Subclass 484: Utilizing electrostatic charge, field, force (e.g., pinning, etc.)
Subclass 619: Having patterned metal electrical conductor other than electrode (e.g., printed circuit, etc.)
Subclass 139: Removing surface portion of composite workpiece to expose substrate
Subclass 154: Making hole or aperture in article
Subclass 171.25: Shaping of a natural resinous layer on preform (e.g., cellulosic, etc.)
Subclass 237: Cooling
Subclass 255: Sequential formation of portion on same mold or a preform surface

Class 428: Stock Material Or Miscellaneous Articles

This is the residual class for: 1. Stock material in the form of a structurally defined web, sheet, rod, strand, fiber, filament, cell, flake, particle not provided elsewhere. 2. Stock material in the form of a web, sheet, mass or layer which consists of or contains a structurally defined constituent or element. 3. A nonstructural laminate defined merely in terms of the composition of one or more layers. 4. An article of manufacture or an intermediate-article not provided for elsewhere. 5. A process for applying an impregnating material to a naturally solid product such as a wood beam, a sheet of leather or a stone, or for applying a coating to a base, and which process includes no significant method step.

Subclass 72: Including elements cooperating to form cells
Subclass 131: Including aperture
Subclass 138: Including nonapertured component
Subclass 156: Including variation in thickness
Subclass 166: Interlaminar spaces
Subclass 178: Forming, or cooperating to form cells
Subclass 188: Longitudinal or transverse tubular cavity or cell

Class 156: Adhesive Bonding And Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture

This is the generic class for: Manufacturing processes and apparatus; manufacture of articles of commerce in which one of the manufacturing steps includes a chemical reaction; manufacture of panels from settable inorganic compositions; manufacture of electrical conductors of indefinite length.

Subclass 89.11: With vitrification or firing ceramic material
Subclass 89.12: Forming electrical article or component thereof

Class 702: Data Processing:Measuring, Calibrating, Or Testing

This class provides for apparatus and corresponding methods wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is designed for or utilized in an environment relating to a specific or generic measurement system, a calibration or correction system, or a testing system.

Subclass 124: Signal generation or waveform shaping

Class 324: Electricity: Measuring And Testing

This is the residual home for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to the measuring, testing (or sensing) of electric properties, (e.g., determining ground resistivity, determining frequency of an alternating current, determining kilowatt hour demand), or the measuring, testing or sensing of nonelectric properties by electric means (e.g., determining moisture, a nonelectric property, by measuring conductance with a resistance bridge; determining speed, a nonelectric property by use of an electric tachometer).

Class 714: Error Detection/Correction And Fault Detection/Recovery

This class provides for process or apparatus for detecting and correcting errors in electrical pulse or pulse coded data; it also provides for process or apparatus for detecting and recovering from faults in electrical computers and digital data processing systems, as well as logic level based systems.

Subclass 724: Digital logic testing

Class 403: Joints And Connections

This is the generic class of connections between two or more rigid or semirigid members at substantially a single locus; connections between the ends of a single rigid or semirigid member; connections between a flaccid member and a rigid or semirigid member. In addition, this is the generic class for connecting or fastening means.

Subclass 164: Rotatable
Subclass 279: Deformation occurs simultaneously with action of separate, diverse function, joint component
Subclass 282: Deformation occurs simultaneously with assembly

Class 411: Expanded, Threaded, Driven, Headed, Tool-Deformed, Or Locked-Threaded Fastener

This class is the locus for the following types of fasteners: An anchoring-type or holding-type fastener; a tool driven externally threaded fastener (eg. bolt, screw); a tool driven internally threaded fastener (eg. nut); an impact driven fastener (eg. nail, staple); a tool driven or discrete, headed, elongated-shank fastener adapted to be moved along its longitudinal axis into coaxial apertures in a workpiece; a tool deformed or tool driven fastener (eg. cotter pin) which is closely allied in use with the other fasteners of this class. This class is also the locus for a threaded bolt or a threaded nut.

Subclass 501: Having plastically flowable or deflectable end, e.g., rivet, etc.

Class 333: Wave Transmission Lines And Networks

Electric wave transmission systems wherein electromagnetic wave energy is guided or constrained by a wave transmission device of the long line type other than loaded lines. Included are passive wave transmission networks simulating the characteristics of a long line wave transmission systems or wave guides, such as artificial lines, delay networks, resonators, impedance matching networks, equalizers, wave filters and transmission line terminations. Passive coupling networks and terminating networks having either lumped or distributed electrical circuit parameters and having impedance characteristics. Smoothing type wave filters having shunt capacitance, or series inductance. Networks including a wave transmission device and means for decreasing the amplitude range of the signal applied to the transmission device as the signal increases in amplitude and means for increasing or restoring the amplitude range of the signal after the transmission over the transmission device. Passive networks for producing an output wave which is the time derivative or time integral of the input wave. Systems including active elements for producing across at least two of the system terminals a negative resistance, and/or an inductance, or capacitance which may be positive or negative. Wave traps using long line elements.

Subclass 238: Strip type

Class 716: Data Processing: Design And Analysis Of Circuit Or Semiconductor Mask

This class provides for electrical data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the following subject matter: for sketching, designing, and analyzing circuit components; for planning, designing, analyzing, and devising a template used for etching circuit pattern on semiconductor wafers.

Class 977: Nanotechnology

This art collection provides for disclosures related to: nanostructure and chemical compositions of nanostructure; device that include at least one nanostructure; mathematical algorithms, e.g., computer software, etc., specifically adapted for modeling configurations or properties of nanostructure; methods or apparatus for making, detecting, analyzing, or treating nanostructure; and specified particular uses of nanostructure. the term "nanostructure" is defined to mean an atomic, molecular, or macromolecular structure that: has at least one physical dimension of approximately 1-100 nanometers; and possesses a special property, provides a special function, or produces a special effect that is uniquely attributable to the structure s nanoscale physical size.

Subclass 762: Nanowire or quantum wire (axially elongated structure having two dimensions of 100 nm or less)
Subclass 892: Liquid phase deposition
Subclass 940: In a logic circuit

Class 558: Organic Compounds -- Part Of The Class 532 Series

The classes of the 532 series embrace monomeric organic carbon compounds and polymeric organic carbon compounds that are not solid synthetic resins, natural rubbers, or hydrocarbons.

Subclass 190: Nitrogen attached indirectly to the phosphorus by nonionic bonding
Subclass 286: Borate esters (i.e., compounds having boron and carbon each single bonded to the same oxygen, which carbon may be single bonded to any atom but may be multiple bonded only to carbon)

Class 560: Organic Compounds -- Part Of The Class 532 Series

The classes of the 532 series embrace monomeric organic carbon compounds and polymeric organic carbon compounds that are not solid synthetic resins, natural rubbers, or hydrocarbons.

Subclass 8: Aromatic acid moiety

Class 118: Coating Apparatus

pparatus for applying or obtaining a surface coating on a base and/or apparatus for impregnating base materials and takes all such apparatus not provided for in other classes. The coating obtained may be permanent or transitory. The coating may be supplied solely by extraneous materials, as in a painting or waxing operation, or may be supplied wholly or in part by the base materials as in the formation of an oxide coating on a metal base. The coating may consist of an emulsion, dispersion, solution, admixture or oil which is clearly disclosed as leaving a residual film, layer or continuous deposit on the base.

Subclass 665: Condition of coated material
Subclass 688: Responsive to condition of coating material
Subclass 641: Radiant heating
Subclass 642: Radiant drying of coated work

Class 347: Incremental Printing Of Symbolic Information

Processes and apparatus for conveying information by selectively creating on a medium a visibly distinguishable symbol or mark composed of a plurality of portions; created portion by portion as, for example, by pixels or dots. The symbol or mark may be an alphanumeric character or an image.

Subclass 100: Ink
Subclass 101: Medium and processing means
Subclass 23: Responsive to condition
Subclass 9: Of ejector
Subclass 95: Fluid (e.g., fluid specifics)
Subclass 96: Reactive

Class 349: Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements And Systems

Cells, elements, and systems which include molecules of a material having both liquid and crystalline properties. Included in this class are those which have a significant liquid crystal cell detail or liquid crystal response or properties, and in which the liquid crystal controls or changes the optical properties of electromagnetic radiation such as direction, phase, amplitude, frequency, or polarization state. This class also provides for nominal manufacturing methods for producing significant liquid crystal cell structure.


Class 101: Printing

Means not otherwise provided for adapted to produce characters or designs on surfaces by impression of types or dies or by applying coating material thereto through openings of previous portions of a pattern sheet, as in stenciling, or by impression from planos:graphic or intaglio surfaces.


Class 358: Facsimile And Static Presentation Processing

Communication or reproduction of a static image or sequence of static images in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time by a method or apparatus involving at least one of the following steps: (1) scanning a static image to capture an image-containing area by resolving it into an area; (2) communication of an image-representative signal or image-representative data over any supporting communication network; or (3) reproduction of an image-containing area in response to an image-representative signal or image-representative image data by reproducing a corresponding image area which at least one of the two dimensions is elemental, simultaneously or in a sequence. In this class, a facsimile system or method is a system or method for the communication or reproduction of an arbitrarily composed image in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time, such as documents maps, charts, photographs, etc., but not motion picture film or video.

Subclass 447: Signal enhancing

Class 378: X-Ray Or Gamma Ray Systems Or Devices

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding processes involving the generation or use of electromagnetic radiation within the X-ray spectrum. Methods, systems, and elements with specific features characteristic of X-ray applications are classified here.

Subclass 143: Target

Class 424: Drug, Bio-Affecting And Body Treating Compositions

This class includes the following subject matter, not provided for elsewhere: 1. Drug and bio-affecting compositions which are capable of: preventing, alleviating, treating, or curing abnormal and pathological conditions of the living body; maintaining, increasing, decreasing, limiting, or destroying a physiologic body function; diagnosing a physiological condition or state by an in vivo test; controlling or protecting an environment or living body by attracting, disabling, inhibiting, killing, modifying, repelling or retarding an animal or micro-organism. 2. Body treating compositions generally intended for deodorizing, protecting, adorning, or grooming a body. 3. Fermentates. Plant and animal extracts, or body fluids or material containing plant or animal cellular structure. 4. Compositions of this class defined in terms of specific structure; e.g., layered tablet, capsule. 5. Processes of using or preparing subject matter of the Class Definition.

Subclass 93.21: Eukaryotic cell

Class 606: Surgery

Class 623: Prosthesis (I.E., Artificial Body Members), Parts Thereof, Or Aids And Accessories Therefor

This class provides for artificial substitutes or parts for a human body particularly manufactured or adapted to replace or assist a missing or defective natural body member or part thereof for functional or cosmetic reasons. It also provides for elements or accessories for substitutes or parts of this class unless such elements or accessories are of such general utility as to be provided for in some other class. This class also provides for devices and mechanisms designed to operate or control artificial substitutes or parts for a human body, including methods of operating an artificial heart.