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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 419: Three-dimension
Subclass 420: Solid modelling
Subclass 423: Tessellation
Subclass 424: Voxel
Subclass 426: Lighting/shading
Subclass 427: Space transformation
Subclass 441: Shape generating
Subclass 469: Character generation using control points or hints
Subclass 473: Animation
Subclass 474: Motion planning or control
Subclass 582: Texture
Subclass 584: Bump map
Subclass 586: Mathematically defined
Subclass 589: Color or intensity
Subclass 596: Dither or halftone
Subclass 600: Color bit data modification or conversion
Subclass 601: Using look up table
Subclass 602: Plural look up tables
Subclass 603: Format change (e.g., NTSC to RGB, RGB to composite, XYZ to RGB)
Subclass 604: Color space transformation (e.g., RGB to YUV)
Subclass 605: Change in number of bits for a designated color (e.g., 4 bits to 8 bits, 8 bits to 4 bits)
Subclass 613: Subpixel processing
Subclass 614: Pixel fragment
Subclass 622: Testing or using bounding shape (e.g., bounding box sphere)
Subclass 653: 3D manipulations
Subclass 664: 3D manipulations
Subclass 690: Intensity or color driving control (e.g., gray scale)
Subclass 77: Brightness or intensity control

Class 358: Facsimile And Static Presentation Processing

Communication or reproduction of a static image or sequence of static images in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time by a method or apparatus involving at least one of the following steps: (1) scanning a static image to capture an image-containing area by resolving it into an area; (2) communication of an image-representative signal or image-representative data over any supporting communication network; or (3) reproduction of an image-containing area in response to an image-representative signal or image-representative image data by reproducing a corresponding image area which at least one of the two dimensions is elemental, simultaneously or in a sequence. In this class, a facsimile system or method is a system or method for the communication or reproduction of an arbitrarily composed image in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time, such as documents maps, charts, photographs, etc., but not motion picture film or video.

Subclass 1.13: Emulation or plural modes
Subclass 1.15: Communication
Subclass 1.18: Detail of image placement or content
Subclass 1.6: Specific to image source
Subclass 1.9: Attribute control
Subclass 3.08: Descreening (e.g., inverse halftone conversion)
Subclass 449: Document size detection
Subclass 488: Document position detection
Subclass 518: Color correction
Subclass 520: Hue, saturation and luminance
Subclass 523: With memory for storage of conversion data
Subclass 525: Interpolation
Subclass 529: Black signal synthesis
Subclass 534: Halftone processing

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 103: Target tracking or detecting
Subclass 107: Motion or velocity measuring
Subclass 132: X-ray film analysis (e.g., radiography)
Subclass 154: 3-D or stereo imaging analysis
Subclass 166: Compression of color images
Subclass 187: On-line recognition of handwritten characters
Subclass 197: Directional codes and vectors (e.g., Freeman chains, compasslike codes)
Subclass 199: Pattern boundary and edge measurements
Subclass 209: Template matching (e.g., specific devices that determine the best match)
Subclass 227: With a multilevel classifier
Subclass 260: Image filter
Subclass 261: Adaptive filter
Subclass 263: Highpass filter (i.e., for sharpening or enhancing details)
Subclass 264: Lowpass filter (i.e., for blurring or smoothing)
Subclass 266: Edge or contour enhancement
Subclass 270: Variable threshold, gain, or slice level
Subclass 279: Convolution
Subclass 285: Mapping 2-D image onto a 3-D surface
Subclass 286: Measuring image properties (e.g., length, width, or area)

Class 347: Incremental Printing Of Symbolic Information

Processes and apparatus for conveying information by selectively creating on a medium a visibly distinguishable symbol or mark composed of a plurality of portions; created portion by portion as, for example, by pixels or dots. The symbol or mark may be an alphanumeric character or an image.

Subclass 101: Medium and processing means
Subclass 104: Physical handling
Subclass 131: Dot density or dot size control (e.g., halftone)
Subclass 16: Of medium

Class 355: Photocopying

Apparatus and methods for photos: graphically copying information from an original or carrier that is not classified elsewhere, generally employing a concentrated source of light and an image receiving medium with a photosensitive emulsion surface. Various plural and composite types of copies are included such as those involving plural projected images including multicolor and duplex.

Subclass 44: With focusing or projection screen
Subclass 59: And an indicator or scale
Subclass 61: Including indicator or scale

Class 399: Electrophotography

Electrophotographically reproducing an original by the action of light directly from the original to a photoconductive member whose electrical conductivity, electrical charge, magnetic condition, or electrical emissivity of a photoconductive medium is selectively altered by the action of light to produce an electrostatic latent image which persists after imaging based upon differences in such electrical property. The latent image is made visible by development; and the developed image may be made permanent by transfer and fixing, or fixing.

Subclass 377: Holder

Class 400: Typewriting Machines

This is the generic class for an apparatus wherein a user of the apparatus causes an intelligible character* to be imprinted on a record-medium* by a type-member* that is impressed on the record-medium, said type-member being selected from a plurality of different type-members, and the selected type-members being impressed serially to form a sequence of characters that record intelligible information.

Subclass 18: By scriber (e.g., pen, pencil, etc.) or with scriber guide

Class 430: Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, Or Product Thereof

This is the generic class for: (1) Forming the likeness of an object, or an instrumented or discernible phenomenon, in a chemically defined receiver or in a receiver wherein radiation produces a chemical reaction, by use of radiation. (2) Finishing an image by chemical processing regardless how formed. (3) A radiation sensitive receiver, composition, or product disclosed solely for radiation imagery chemistry, and process of making same. (4) A nonradiation sensitive-receiver, composition, or product. (5) An imaged product by a process or employing a receiver, composition, or product.

Subclass 270.11: Optical recording nonstructural layered product having a radiation sensitive composition layer claimed or solely disclosed as optically reorderable and optically machine readable

Class 427: Coating Processes

This is the generic class for: A. applying or obtaining a coating on a surface. The coating may be hard or soft, permanent or transitory, supplied solely by extraneous materials or supplied wholly or in part by the base material. B. impregnating a base by causing a coating material to extend or penetrate into the base material, or into the interstices of a porous, cellular or foraminous material. C. taking preparatory treatments of the base material, subsequent treatments of the coated base material and other ancillary noncoating operations claimed, per se, processes limited to etching for making a base more compatible with, or adherent to, the coating wherein the base is the substrate (work) onto which a coating is applied are included.

Subclass 195: Synthetic resin particles
Subclass 202: Applying superposed diverse coatings or coating a coated base
Subclass 459: Fluidized bed utilized
Subclass 469: Coating material consists of charged particles (e.g., paint, pigment, dye, etc.)
Subclass 470: Superposed diverse or multilayer similar coatings applied
Subclass 485: Coating contains organic material

Class 428: Stock Material Or Miscellaneous Articles

This is the residual class for: 1. Stock material in the form of a structurally defined web, sheet, rod, strand, fiber, filament, cell, flake, particle not provided elsewhere. 2. Stock material in the form of a web, sheet, mass or layer which consists of or contains a structurally defined constituent or element. 3. A nonstructural laminate defined merely in terms of the composition of one or more layers. 4. An article of manufacture or an intermediate-article not provided for elsewhere. 5. A process for applying an impregnating material to a naturally solid product such as a wood beam, a sheet of leather or a stone, or for applying a coating to a base, and which process includes no significant method step.

Subclass 64.4: Optical recording medium or carrier
Subclass 64.8: Coloring agent containing

Class 503: Record Receiver Having Plural Interactive Leaves Or A Colorless Color Former, Method Of Use, Or Developer Therefor

Material which is used to form a visible record by a reactive or interactive, usually chemical or physico-chemical, phenomenon or a method of using such a material to form a record. The formation phenomenon is one of the following: (1) The chemical decomposition of a colorless substance to form a substance having color; (2) the chemical combination of two or more colorless chemical moieties to produce a substance having color; (3) The further chemical change of (1) or (2) above, to form a color different from an original color; and (4) The chemical or physico-chemical complementarity between the bottom surface of one sheet of a record receiver and the top surface of an adjacent sheet with which the first sheet id associated. Generally, the phenomenon in cases (1) through (4) is thought about by the application to the record receiver of heat and/or pressure in the areas to be "marked".

Subclass 212: Zinc
Subclass 216: Identified organic electron acceptor (developer) other than phenolic resin

Class 715: Data Processing: Presentation Processing Of Document

This class provides for data processing means or steps wherein a) human perceptible elements of electronic information (i.e., text or graphics) are gathered, associated, created, formatted, edited, prepared, or otherwise processed in forming a unified collection of such information storable as a distinct entity, b) a users interaction with a computer system is used to control the presentation of display data; such interaction is interpreted and used by a data processor or computer architecture wherein system level elements of computation or data processing techniques are used prior to use with or in a specific display system, or c) a small program takes over a display screen if there are no keystrokes or mouse movements for a specified duration.

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 37: With continuously rotating element
Subclass 143: Observation of or from a specific location (e.g., surveillance)
Subclass 146: With rotating reflector
Subclass 222.1: Combined image signal generator and general image signal processing
Subclass 416.1: Including motion vector
Subclass 744: Projection device
Subclass 745: With alignment, registration or focus
Subclass E13.009: Using temporal multiplexing, i.e., alternatively capturing several geometrical viewpoints separated in time (EPO)

Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.

Subclass 401: Having substrate registration feature (e.g., alignment mark)

Class 700: Data Processing: Generic Control Systems Or Specific Applications

This class is structured into two main divisions: (1)for the combination of a data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) AND a device or apparatus controlled thereby, the entirety hereinafter referred to as a "control system". (2)for data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) wherein the data processing or calculating computer apparatus is designed for or utilized in a particular art device, system, process, or environment, or is utilized for the solution of a particular problem in a field other than mathematics (arithmetic processing per se is classified elsewhere).

Subclass 121: Integrated circuit production or semiconductor fabrication

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Class 709: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for transferring data or instruction information between a plurality of computers wherein the computers employ the data or instructions before or after transferring and the employing affects said transfer of data or instruction information. The class includes - process or apparatus for transferring data among a plurality of spatially distributed (i.e., situated, at plural locations) computers or digital data processing systems via one or more communications media (e.g., computer networks).