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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 1.1: PLURAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS
Subclass 1.2: Data transmitted or received at surface of display
Subclass 1.3: Tiling or modular adjacent displays
Subclass 100: Particular row or column control (e.g., shift register)
Subclass 101: Data signal compensation in response to temperature
Subclass 102: Backlight control
Subclass 105: Electrochromic elements
Subclass 107: Particle suspensions (e.g., electrophoretic)
Subclass 173: Touch panel
Subclass 204: DISPLAY DRIVING CONTROL CIRCUITRY
Subclass 206: Having common base or substrate
Subclass 207: Light detection means (e.g., with photodetector)
Subclass 30: PLURAL PHYSICAL DISPLAY ELEMENT CONTROL SYSTEM (E.G., NON-CRT)
Subclass 31: Physically movable array
Subclass 32: Optical means interposed in viewing path (e.g., filters, lens, etc.)
Subclass 43: Mask or electrode shape
Subclass 46: Light-emitting diodes
Subclass 467: Character generating
Subclass 55: Display elements arranged in matrix (e.g., rows and columns)
Subclass 571: Memory addresses arranged in matrix row and column addresses)
Subclass 619: Graphic manipulation (object processing or display attributes)
Subclass 690: Intensity or color driving control (e.g., gray scale)
Subclass 698: Adjusting display pixel size or pixels per given area (i.e., resolution)
Subclass 76: Electroluminescent
Subclass 80: Driving means integral to substrate
Subclass 81: Optical addressing (e.g., photodetection)
Subclass 82: Solid body light emitter (e.g., LED)
Subclass 83: Color
Subclass 84: Light-controlling display elements
Subclass 87: Liquid crystal display elements (LCD)
Subclass 97: Ferroelectric liquid crystal elements

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 259: Skeletonizing

Class 349: Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements And Systems

Cells, elements, and systems which include molecules of a material having both liquid and crystalline properties. Included in this class are those which have a significant liquid crystal cell detail or liquid crystal response or properties, and in which the liquid crystal controls or changes the optical properties of electromagnetic radiation such as direction, phase, amplitude, frequency, or polarization state. This class also provides for nominal manufacturing methods for producing significant liquid crystal cell structure.

Subclass 106: Color filter
Subclass 110: Opaque mask or black mask
Subclass 156: Formed as walls (e.g., between pixels) or integral with substrate
Subclass 157: Plural types in single liquid crystal cell
Subclass 161: Heating or cooling element other than for exciting
Subclass 171: Within smectic phase
Subclass 172: Within chiral smectic phase (includes ferroelectric)
Subclass 191: Aligning liquid crystal with means other than alignment layer
Subclass 199: Liquid crystal sensors (e.g., voltmeters, pressure sensors, temperature sensors)
Subclass 201: Liquid crystal diffraction element
Subclass 21: By heating electrode
Subclass 24: Optical excitation
Subclass 25: With photoconductive layer (e.g., spatial light modulator(SLMs))
Subclass 33: Electrical excitation of liquid crystal (i.e., particular voltage pulses, AC vs. DC, threshold voltages, etc.)
Subclass 58: Holder, support, frame, or housing
Subclass 68: With plural diverse light sources (e.g., for day and night)

Class 353: Optics: Image Projectors

Projectors for particular types of objects to be projected; such as maps and aerial photographs, targets, transparent plates, information data, microscopic objects, scales and indicators, and stencils or perforated plates. Various other species and types of projectors are also included here such as kaleidoscopic, heliostats, stereoscopic and relief, pointers, gun type, moving images on screens, episcopes and cabinets including screens. Various plural and composite types of projectors are included such as projectors involving plural projected images including multicolor, projectors for images combined with real objects, projectors with manual delineation, and plural projection with a single light source. Projectors selective at the operators choice are also included as where the selection is between a slide and a film strip, between a cabinet and a distant screen, and between opaque and transparency projection.

Subclass 119: HOUSING
Subclass 121: METHODS
Subclass 122: MISCELLANEOUS
Subclass 29: ADDITIONAL ILLUMINATION OF OR NEAR PROJECTED IMAGE
Subclass 69: DISTORTION COMPENSATION
Subclass 79: STRUCTURALLY RELATED PROJECTOR AND SCREEN
Subclass 84: COLOR FILTER
Subclass 85: LAMP CONTROL
Subclass 94: PLURAL

Class 365: Static Information Storage And Retrieval

Apparatus or corresponding processes for the static storage and retrieval of information. For classification herein, the storage system must be (1) static, (2) a singular storage element or plural elements of the same type, (3) addressable.

Subclass 151: Molecular or atomic
Subclass 153: Electrochemical
Subclass 164: Electrical contacts

Class 977: Nanotechnology

This art collection provides for disclosures related to: nanostructure and chemical compositions of nanostructure; device that include at least one nanostructure; mathematical algorithms, e.g., computer software, etc., specifically adapted for modeling configurations or properties of nanostructure; methods or apparatus for making, detecting, analyzing, or treating nanostructure; and specified particular uses of nanostructure. the term "nanostructure" is defined to mean an atomic, molecular, or macromolecular structure that: has at least one physical dimension of approximately 1-100 nanometers; and possesses a special property, provides a special function, or produces a special effect that is uniquely attributable to the structure s nanoscale physical size.

Subclass 724: Devices having flexible or movable element

Class 347: Incremental Printing Of Symbolic Information

Processes and apparatus for conveying information by selectively creating on a medium a visibly distinguishable symbol or mark composed of a plurality of portions; created portion by portion as, for example, by pixels or dots. The symbol or mark may be an alphanumeric character or an image.

Subclass 112: Electrostatic
Subclass 153: With medium for receiving an image or feeding means therefor

Class 400: Typewriting Machines

This is the generic class for an apparatus wherein a user of the apparatus causes an intelligible character* to be imprinted on a record-medium* by a type-member* that is impressed on the record-medium, said type-member being selected from a plurality of different type-members, and the selected type-members being impressed serially to form a sequence of characters that record intelligible information.

Subclass 118.2: TYPING BY OTHER THAN TYPE-FACE OR TYPE-DIE

Class 216: Etching A Substrate: Processes

Chemical etching processes for treating articles of commerce or intermediate articles not otherwise provided for in which one of the manufacturing steps includes a chemical etching step (use of an etchant) and wherein the material treated is not completely removed.

Subclass 24: FORMING OR TREATING OPTICAL ARTICLE
Subclass 5: Sign or material is electroluminescent

Class 428: Stock Material Or Miscellaneous Articles

This is the residual class for: 1. Stock material in the form of a structurally defined web, sheet, rod, strand, fiber, filament, cell, flake, particle not provided elsewhere. 2. Stock material in the form of a web, sheet, mass or layer which consists of or contains a structurally defined constituent or element. 3. A nonstructural laminate defined merely in terms of the composition of one or more layers. 4. An article of manufacture or an intermediate-article not provided for elsewhere. 5. A process for applying an impregnating material to a naturally solid product such as a wood beam, a sheet of leather or a stone, or for applying a coating to a base, and which process includes no significant method step.

Subclass 103: Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation, or bond

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 589: Including insertion of characters or graphics (e.g., titles)
Subclass 744: Projection device
Subclass 745: With alignment, registration or focus
Subclass 771: Including solid-state deflection elements (e.g., deformable mirror device (DMD))
Subclass 781: With optical element
Subclass 788: Folding
Subclass 790: Liquid crystal
Subclass 800: Electroluminescent (e.g., scanned matrix, etc.)
Subclass E9.025: Projection devices for color picture display (EPO)
Subclass E9.026: Using laser beams scanning the display screen (EPO)
Subclass E9.027: Using light modulating optical valves (EPO)
Subclass E5.137: Projection arrangements for image reproduction, e.g., using eidophor (EPO)
Subclass E5.143: Constructional details of television projection apparatus (EPO)

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 11: Spatial, phase or amplitude modulation
Subclass 228: Fluid
Subclass 238: Light wave temporal modulation (e.g., frequency, amplitude, etc.)
Subclass 245: Electro-optic
Subclass 252: With particular medium or state of the medium
Subclass 253: Liquid medium
Subclass 265: Electrochromic
Subclass 275: Transmission-type (e.g., windows)
Subclass 279: Phase modulation
Subclass 288: Thermo-optic
Subclass 296: Changing position or orientation of suspended particles
Subclass 358: Fluid filter or fluid mirror
Subclass 443: PROJECTION SCREEN
Subclass 446: Moving during projection
Subclass 449: With reflector or additional screen
Subclass 450: Border, mask, shade, or curtain
Subclass 452: Embedded particles
Subclass 454: Unitary sheet comprising plural refracting areas
Subclass 459: Unitary sheet comprising plural reflecting areas
Subclass 460: Rear projection screen
Subclass 461: Roll up screen
Subclass 464: With right and left channel discriminator (e.g., polarized or colored light)
Subclass 465: Using polarized light
Subclass 466: Stereo-viewers
Subclass 467: View changers
Subclass 468: Picture moves linearly past viewing aperture
Subclass 534: Including a curved refracting surface
Subclass 627: Reflective
Subclass 649: Projection type
Subclass 652: With graded refractive index
Subclass 663: Telecentric system
Subclass 726: With reflecting element
Subclass 850: Plural mirrors or reflecting surfaces
Subclass 885: ABSORPTION FILTER
Subclass 886: Fluid
Subclass 889: Movable in or out of optical path

Class 434: Education And Demonstration

This is the generic class for apparatus and processes not elsewhere classifiable for: providing instruction about a subject or means; testing or grading a persons knowledge, skill, discipline, or mental or physical ability; displaying for purpose of comparison contrast, or demonstration; demonstrating characteristics and advantages of apparatus, objects, or processes; and cryptography apparatus.

Subclass 169: Electrical component included in teaching means
Subclass 307R: CATHODE RAY SCREEN DISPLAY AND AUDIO MEANS
Subclass 317: Visual information in book form

Class 358: Facsimile And Static Presentation Processing

Communication or reproduction of a static image or sequence of static images in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time by a method or apparatus involving at least one of the following steps: (1) scanning a static image to capture an image-containing area by resolving it into an area; (2) communication of an image-representative signal or image-representative data over any supporting communication network; or (3) reproduction of an image-containing area in response to an image-representative signal or image-representative image data by reproducing a corresponding image area which at least one of the two dimensions is elemental, simultaneously or in a sequence. In this class, a facsimile system or method is a system or method for the communication or reproduction of an arbitrarily composed image in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time, such as documents maps, charts, photographs, etc., but not motion picture film or video.

Subclass 1.12: Detail of medium positioning (e.g., movement to or from presentation location of medium, etc.)

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 59: In array having structure for use as imager or display, or with transparent electrode
Subclass 382: With contact to source or drain region of refractory material (e.g., polysilicon, tungsten, or silicide)
Subclass 411: Composite or layered gate insulator (e.g., mixture such as silicon oxynitride)
Subclass 431: Light
Subclass 432: With optical element
Subclass E45.001: SOLID-STATE DEVICES ADAPTED FOR RECTIFYING, AMPLIFYING, OSCILLATING, OR SWITCHING WITHOUT POTENTIAL-JUMP BARRIER OR SURFACE BARRIER, E.G., DIELECTRIC TRIODES; OVSHINSKY-EFFECT DEVICES, PROCESSES, OR APPARATUS PECULIAR TO MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT THEREOF, OR OF PARTS THEREOF (EPO)

Class 356: Optics: Measuring And Testing

Methods and apparatus (1) for analyzing light to measure or test its characteristics, such as intensity, color and polarization; (2) for determining the optical or nonoptical properties of materials or articles by noting, as by inspection, measurement, or test the effect produced by the materials or articles on light associated therewith; and (3) for measuring the dimensions of structures or the spatial relationships such as distances or angle bearings of spaced points by comparison of the respective properties (usually direction or spatial position) of the light from these points or by comparison of the properties of these lights with some scale or standard. The light analyzing includes or is for spectroscopy, interference, polarization, beam direction or pattern, focal position of a light source, shade or color, and photometers. The material or article properties determined are or involve crystal or gem examination, material strain analysis, blood analysis, optical pyrometers, egg candling, cutting blade sharpness, oil testing, document verification, flatness, lens or reflector testing, refraction testing, monitoring moving webs or fabrics, light transmission or absorption, light reflection, inspection for flaws or imperfections in materials, and thread counting. The dimensioning and spatial relationship determination includes triangulation by a light beam, contour plotting, range or height finders, motion stopping, velocity or velocity/height measuring, sighting where the optical element or reticle moves with the sighted object, particle size determination, particle light scattering, electrophoresis, angle measuring or axial alignment, mensuration or configuration comparison, alignment in a lateral direction, and fiducial instruments.

Subclass 138: ANGLE MEASURING OR ANGULAR AXIAL ALIGNMENT
Subclass 606: Line of light projected
Subclass 622: Position of detected arrangement relative to projected beam

Class 430: Radiation Imagery Chemistry: Process, Composition, Or Product Thereof

This is the generic class for: (1) Forming the likeness of an object, or an instrumented or discernible phenomenon, in a chemically defined receiver or in a receiver wherein radiation produces a chemical reaction, by use of radiation. (2) Finishing an image by chemical processing regardless how formed. (3) A radiation sensitive receiver, composition, or product disclosed solely for radiation imagery chemistry, and process of making same. (4) A nonradiation sensitive-receiver, composition, or product. (5) An imaged product by a process or employing a receiver, composition, or product.

Subclass 20: LIQUID CRYSTAL PROCESS, COMPOSITION, OR PRODUCT
Subclass 32: Electrophoretic imaging, process, composition, or product
Subclass 199: TRANSFER PROCEDURE BETWEEN IMAGE AND IMAGE LAYER, IMAGE RECEIVING LAYERS, OR ELEMENT CONTAINING AN IMAGE RECEIVING LAYER OR AN INGREDIENT FOR FORMING AN IMAGE RECEIVING LAYER
Subclass 356: ACHROMATIC IMAGE PRODUCED FROM CHROMATIC REPRODUCTION IMAGE

Class 385: Optical Waveguides

(1) An optical waveguiding element, which conveys light from one point to another through an optically transparent elongated structure by modal transmission, total internal reflection, or total reflectorization. (2) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with an additional broadly recited optical element which couples light or a combination. (3) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with structure which mechanically joins this waveguiding element with another or with a diverse optical element. (4) An optical modulator where the modulation of a light wave characteristic is performed exclusively within an optical waveguiding element. (5) Other miscellaneous devices formed of an optical waveguide (e.g., a waveguide sensing device) and supplemental devices which are limited to use with an optical waveguide (e.g., an external clamp or retainer).

Subclass 16: Switch (i.e., switching from one terminal to another, not modulation)

Class 310: Electrical Generator Or Motor Structure

This is the residual class for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to electrical generator or motor structure.

Subclass 308: Charge accumulating
Subclass 309: Electrostatic

Class 204: Chemistry: Electrical And Wave Energy

This class includes, where not provided for elsewhere: A. Processes (1) involving the use of electrolysis (as provided for in Class 205); (2) of preparing or purifying compounds or elements involving chemical reaction brought about by electrical or wave energy in a magnetic field; (3) of treating materials involving chemical reaction brought about by wave energy; (4) of preparing or purifying compounds or elements involving chemical reaction brought about by an electrostatic field or electrical discharge; (5) involving the use of electrophoresis or electro-osmosis; (6) of treating a liquid (a) to separate or purify the liquid using electric and magnetic fields simultaneously, (b) to separate or purify the liquid using an electric field, or (c) using a magnetic field to obtain some effect other than mere separation or purification of the liquid; (7) involving coating, forming, or etching by the use of sputtering; and (8) involving coating by the use of vacuum arc discharge.

Subclass 600: Electrophoretic or electro-osmotic apparatus

Class 713: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Support

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes or apparatus for: 1. establishing original operating parameters or data for a computer or digital data processing system, such as, allocating extended or expanded memory, specifying device drivers, paths, files, buffers, disk management, etc.; 2. for changing system settings or operational modes in a computer or digital data processing system after they have been set; 3. for increasing a systemís extension of protection of system hardware,software, or data frm maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure; 4. for modifying or responding to the available power to a computer or digital data processing system or programmable calculator; 5. for synchronization of two or more processors; 6. wherein a clock or timing signals, timing pulses, or data associated with the control or regulation of any one or combination of processing components, memory components, and peripheral components are caused to operate in synchronization; 7. for generation, division, or distribution of clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals in a computer or digital data processing system from one or more sources into groups of continuous and successive time increments, and including event timing and counting, and the correction of the clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals; 8. wherein there is a significant temporal, incremental or sequencing control provided to one or more computers, digital data processing systems, processors, memory, or peripherals, or to data transmission between these systems or components.

Subclass 189: DATA PROCESSING PROTECTION USING CRYPTOGRAPHY

Class 313: Electric Lamp And Discharge Devices

This is the generic class for electric lamp and electric space discharge device structure. Examples of such devices are electric incandescent lamps, gas or vapor filled electric discharge tubes, including lamps, mercury arc devices, vacuum discharge tubes, radio tubes, cyclotrons, cathode-ray tubes, photosensitive discharge devices, secondary emission electron multipliers, spark plugs, and open air arc and spark devices.

Subclass 504: Organic phosphor
Subclass 507: With photosensitive layer
Subclass 509: With dielectric layer

Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.

Subclass 30: Liquid crystal component