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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 107: Motion or velocity measuring
Subclass 241: Polygonal approximation
Subclass 246: Huffman or variable-length coding
Subclass 250: Discrete cosine or sine transform
Subclass 251: Quantization
Subclass 275: Artifact removal or suppression (e.g., distortion correction)
Subclass 294: Registering or aligning multiple images to one another
Subclass 305: Image storage or retrieval

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 81: Underwater
Subclass 207.1: Camera connected to computer
Subclass 207.11: Computer can control camera
Subclass 207.2: Camera connected to printer
Subclass 208.99: Camera image stabilization
Subclass 208.3: Differentiating unintentional from purposeful camera movement (pan, tilt)
Subclass 208.4: Motion correction
Subclass 208.6: Electrical (memory shifting, electronic zoom, etc.)
Subclass 208.7: Mechanical
Subclass 208.12: Combined with other camera operations (e.g., autofocus or autoexposure details)
Subclass 208.13: Motion correction plus resolution enhancement
Subclass 208.14: Object tracking
Subclass 208.16: Changing camera function based on motion detection (mode, power supply)
Subclass 211.99: Remote control
Subclass 218.1: Unitary image formed by compiling sub-areas of same scene (e.g., array of cameras)
Subclass 220.1: Still and motion modes of operation
Subclass 223.1: Color balance (e.g., white balance)
Subclass 226.1: Including flicker detection (e.g., fluorescent)
Subclass 230.1: Readout of solid-state image sensor considered or altered
Subclass 231.99: With details of static memory for output image (e.g., for a still camera)
Subclass 231.1: Available memory space detection
Subclass 231.2: Image file management
Subclass 231.3: Storage of additional data
Subclass 231.5: Time or date, annotation
Subclass 231.6: Processing or camera details
Subclass 231.7: Detachable
Subclass 231.8: Multiple detachable memories
Subclass 239: Camera and video special effects (e.g., subtitling, fading, or merging)
Subclass 241: Including noise or undesired signal reduction
Subclass 266: With single image scanning device supplying plural color signals
Subclass 272: Solid-state multicolor image sensor
Subclass 280: Based on three colors
Subclass 297: Accumulation or integration time responsive to light or signal intensity
Subclass 333.01: With electronic viewfinder or display monitor
Subclass 333.02: With display of additional information
Subclass 333.05: Display of multiple images (e.g., thumbnail images, etc.)
Subclass 333.13: Power saving mode
Subclass 341: Optical viewfinder
Subclass 344: Optical path switching
Subclass 345: Focus control
Subclass 346: With display of focusing condition or alarm
Subclass 348: Using active ranging
Subclass 350: With auxiliary sensor or separate area on imager
Subclass 354: By analyzing high frequency component
Subclass 362: Exposure control
Subclass 363: Automatic control of iris, stop, or diaphragm
Subclass 366: Based on ambient light
Subclass 370: With object or scene illumination
Subclass 371: Flash or strobe
Subclass 372: Power supply
Subclass 373: Support or housing
Subclass 374: For internal camera components
Subclass 375: For specified accessory
Subclass 655: Color balance or temperature (e.g., white balance)
Subclass E9.01: Using solid-state devices (EPO)
Subclass E9.052: For picture signal generators (EPO)
Subclass E7.087: For receiving images from a single remote source (EPO)
Subclass E7.088: From a mobile camera, e.g., for remote control (EPO)
Subclass E3.025: Using interline transfer (EPO)
Subclass E5.025: Constructional details (EPO)
Subclass E5.035: Circuitry for evaluating the brightness variations of the object (EPO)
Subclass E5.038: By influencing the scene brightness using illuminating means (EPO)
Subclass E5.042: Devices for controlling television cameras, e.g., remote control (EPO)
Subclass E5.043: Remote control signaling for television cameras or for parts of television camera, e.g., between main body and part of camera (EPO)
Subclass E5.045: Focusing (EPO)
Subclass E5.046: For stable pick-up of the scene in spite of camera body vibration (EPO)
Subclass E5.047: View-finder (EPO)
Subclass E5.078: In picture signal generation (EPO)

Class 358: Facsimile And Static Presentation Processing

Communication or reproduction of a static image or sequence of static images in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time by a method or apparatus involving at least one of the following steps: (1) scanning a static image to capture an image-containing area by resolving it into an area; (2) communication of an image-representative signal or image-representative data over any supporting communication network; or (3) reproduction of an image-containing area in response to an image-representative signal or image-representative image data by reproducing a corresponding image area which at least one of the two dimensions is elemental, simultaneously or in a sequence. In this class, a facsimile system or method is a system or method for the communication or reproduction of an arbitrarily composed image in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time, such as documents maps, charts, photographs, etc., but not motion picture film or video.

Subclass 1.8: Dot matrix array (e.g., printheads, etc.)
Subclass 1.9: Attribute control
Subclass 450: Plural images combined into a single image
Subclass 463: Noise elimination
Subclass 473: Hand-held reader
Subclass 474: Scanning
Subclass 478: Stylus type

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 811: With support
Subclass 819: Lens mounts
Subclass 822: Adjustable

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 3.1: Diverse systems (e.g., CRT or LCD interface)
Subclass 42: Controlling circuitry
Subclass 502: Plural graphics processors
Subclass 629: Merge or overlay
Subclass 660: Scaling
Subclass 690: Intensity or color driving control (e.g., gray scale)

Class 396: Photography

Photographic apparatus, generally for recording a picture made by a source of light on a photographic medium. It includes fluid-treating apparatus for development of film, a removable film-holder unit, hood, camera housing, camera setting indicator and certain accessories related to photography not otherwise provided for such as studio structure, camera mounting or rest, camera attachment, retouching, or burnishing device. Non-chemical processes involving photographic apparatus are included in this class.

Subclass 231: Having temperature compensation circuit
Subclass 419: CAMERA SUPPORT
Subclass 427: Surveillance type
Subclass 428: Adjustable support
Subclass 439: CAMERA DETAIL
Subclass 53: With accelerometer
Subclass 55: Having stabilization system
Subclass 59: Camera release
Subclass 80: Including focus/distance detecting circuit

Class 386: Television Signal Processing For Dynamic Recording Or Reproducing

Apparatus and corresponding processes for processing a sequence of images, in which the light variation composing the images may change with time for dynamic recording or reproducing of the sequence of images. The processing involves the following steps: (a) Receiving a sequence of images from a local (e.g., camera, etc.) or remote source (e.g. broadcasting station, satellite, cable, etc.); (b) Converting the received sequence of images into a form suitable for dynamic storage, which form may or may not be reproduced later; or (c) Converting retrieved information from a dynamic storage medium into a sequence of images.

Subclass E5.005: For field- or frame-skip recording or reproducing (EPO)
Subclass E5.067: Using static stores (e.g., storage tubes, semiconductor memories, etc.) (EPO)
Subclass E5.072: The recording apparatus and the television camera being placed in the same enclosure (EPO)

Class 707: Data Processing:Database And File Management Or Data Structures

This is the generic class for data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the retrieval of data stored in a database or as computer files. It provides for data processing means or steps for generic data, file and directory upkeeping, file naming, and file and database maintenance including integrity consideration, recovery, and versioning. There are three main divisions: 1. database and file accessing; 2. database schema and data structure; 3. file and database maintenance.

Subclass E17.026: Based on bibliographical data of images (EPO)
Subclass E17.029: By browsing (EPO)
Subclass E17.03: By graphical querying (EPO)

Class 719: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Interprogram Communication Or Interprocess Communication (Ipc)

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for exchanging data or messages between two executing programs or processes, independent of the hardware used in the communication.


Class 283: Printed Matter

This class consists of articles the physical structure of which, except strips, books, and leaves, is not a part of the inventions or is deemed to be conventional, bearing indicia which primarily effect intellectual impressions other than the esthetic, and combinations of such strips, books and leaves with other things not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 75: Personal

Class 356: Optics: Measuring And Testing

Methods and apparatus (1) for analyzing light to measure or test its characteristics, such as intensity, color and polarization; (2) for determining the optical or nonoptical properties of materials or articles by noting, as by inspection, measurement, or test the effect produced by the materials or articles on light associated therewith; and (3) for measuring the dimensions of structures or the spatial relationships such as distances or angle bearings of spaced points by comparison of the respective properties (usually direction or spatial position) of the light from these points or by comparison of the properties of these lights with some scale or standard. The light analyzing includes or is for spectroscopy, interference, polarization, beam direction or pattern, focal position of a light source, shade or color, and photometers. The material or article properties determined are or involve crystal or gem examination, material strain analysis, blood analysis, optical pyrometers, egg candling, cutting blade sharpness, oil testing, document verification, flatness, lens or reflector testing, refraction testing, monitoring moving webs or fabrics, light transmission or absorption, light reflection, inspection for flaws or imperfections in materials, and thread counting. The dimensioning and spatial relationship determination includes triangulation by a light beam, contour plotting, range or height finders, motion stopping, velocity or velocity/height measuring, sighting where the optical element or reticle moves with the sighted object, particle size determination, particle light scattering, electrophoresis, angle measuring or axial alignment, mensuration or configuration comparison, alignment in a lateral direction, and fiducial instruments.

Subclass 4.03: Of focused image size or dimensions
Subclass 4.05: Of focal point search
Subclass 5.07: With specific counter type timing of returns
Subclass 5.08: Including specific counter type timing of returns

Class 347: Incremental Printing Of Symbolic Information

Processes and apparatus for conveying information by selectively creating on a medium a visibly distinguishable symbol or mark composed of a plurality of portions; created portion by portion as, for example, by pixels or dots. The symbol or mark may be an alphanumeric character or an image.

Subclass 108: Housing

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.

Subclass 638: Two or more plural-contact coupling parts combined in one integral unit

Class 248: Supports

Devices which carry the weight of an article or articles or otherwise hold or steady it or them against the pull of gravity, and devices for holding an article to its support, which are not otherwise provided for.

Subclass 615: Resilient foot or bumper
Subclass 634: Nonmetallic resilient element
Subclass 323: Adjustable