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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 455: Telecommunications

This is the generic class for modulated carrier wave communications not elsewhere classifiable.

Subclass 550.1: Radiotelephone equipment detail
Subclass 558: Card control element
Subclass 563: Having voice recognition or synthesization
Subclass 567: Call alerting
Subclass 569.1: Hands-free or loudspeaking arrangement
Subclass 575.1: Housing or support
Subclass 575.3: Foldable type
Subclass 90.3: Having particular housing or support of a transceiver

Class 235: Registers

Machines employed for ascertaining the number of movements of various devices or machines; also, indicating devices where the purpose is to disclose the numerical extent or quantity of movement of a machine and where the device is separate and independent of the machine whose movements are to be noted; also organized machines, such as, cash-registers, fare-registers, voting machines and calculators having registering or counting devices as essential or important elements and having in addition certain other features necessary to make up the complete machines for the purposes desired.

Subclass 380: Credit or identification card systems
Subclass 475: Feed mechanisms

Class 707: Data Processing:Database And File Management Or Data Structures

This is the generic class for data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the retrieval of data stored in a database or as computer files. It provides for data processing means or steps for generic data, file and directory upkeeping, file naming, and file and database maintenance including integrity consideration, recovery, and versioning. There are three main divisions: 1. database and file accessing; 2. database schema and data structure; 3. file and database maintenance.

Subclass E17.119: Browsing optimization (EPO)

Class 715: Data Processing: Presentation Processing Of Document

This class provides for data processing means or steps wherein a) human perceptible elements of electronic information (i.e., text or graphics) are gathered, associated, created, formatted, edited, prepared, or otherwise processed in forming a unified collection of such information storable as a distinct entity, b) a users interaction with a computer system is used to control the presentation of display data; such interaction is interpreted and used by a data processor or computer architecture wherein system level elements of computation or data processing techniques are used prior to use with or in a specific display system, or c) a small program takes over a display screen if there are no keystrokes or mouse movements for a specified duration.

Subclass 744: Interface customization or adaption (e.g., client server)
Subclass 788: Layout modification (e.g., move or resize)
Subclass 800: Resizing (e.g., scaling)

Class 700: Data Processing: Generic Control Systems Or Specific Applications

This class is structured into two main divisions: (1)for the combination of a data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) AND a device or apparatus controlled thereby, the entirety hereinafter referred to as a "control system". (2)for data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) wherein the data processing or calculating computer apparatus is designed for or utilized in a particular art device, system, process, or environment, or is utilized for the solution of a particular problem in a field other than mathematics (arithmetic processing per se is classified elsewhere).

Subclass 244: Monitoring or inspection

Class 375: Pulse Or Digital Communications

This is the generic class for pulse or digital communication systems using electrical or electromagnetic signals. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence bearing signal from one point to another in the form of discrete variations in some parameter of the electrical or electromagnetic signal.

Subclass 142: Having correlation-type receiver
Subclass 148: Multi-receiver or interference cancellation
Subclass 150: Correlation-type receiver
Subclass 226: Phase error or phase jitter
Subclass 245: Quantizer or inverse quantizer
Subclass 267: Diversity
Subclass 341: Maximum likelihood decoder or viterbi decoder
Subclass 343: Correlative or matched filter
Subclass E1.031: Parallel interference cancellation (EPO)
Subclass E1.032: The interference being multi path interference, e.g., RAKE receivers (EPO)

Class 370: Multiplex Communications

This is the generic class for multiplexing or duplexing systems, methods, or apparatus.

Subclass 319: Multiple access (e.g., FDMA)
Subclass 320: Code division (CDMA)
Subclass 321: Time division (TDMA)
Subclass 330: Having both time and frequency assignment
Subclass 335: Combining or distributing information via code word channels using multiple access techniques (e.g., CDMA)
Subclass 342: Combining or distributing information via code word channels using multiple access techniques (e.g., CDMA)
Subclass 345: Combining or distributing information via time channels
Subclass 347: Multiple access (e.g., TDMA)
Subclass 441: Combining or distributing information via code word channels using multiple access techniques (e.g., CDMA)
Subclass 479: Combining or distributing information via code word channels

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 5.61: Wireless transceiver
Subclass 665: Force or stress
Subclass 689: Tilt

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 636: Character and graphics

Class 379: Telephonic Communications

(1) Systems, processes and instruments for the two-way electrical transmission of intelligible audio information having arbitrary content over a link including an electrical conductor, between spaced apart locations, so as to enable conversation therebetween, and intended for the private use of a listener or a group of listeners. The term "intelligible" used above is intended to include the capability for transmission of speech or the like (e.g., music), rather than restriction to a specified audible signal, such as a bell or buzzer. (2) Switching, signalling or signal transmission peculiar to, or specified as for a telephone or a telephone system, except for multiplex communications as indicated in Lines With Other Classes.

Subclass 428.01: Housing or housing component
Subclass 434: Specified terminal configuration (e.g., novelty type)
Subclass 88.11: Display of message related information

Class 341: Coded Data Generation Or Conversion

1) originating or emitting a coded set of discrete signals or 2) translating one code into another code wherein the information signal content remains the same but the formats may differ. For classification herein, at least one of the codes must be a set of pulses or digits and electrical in nature.

Subclass 200: QUANTIZER

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 266: Edge or contour enhancement
Subclass 300: Interpolation

Class 342: Communications: Directive Radio Wave Systems And Devices (E.G., Radar, Radio Navigation)

Systems and processes for transmission or reception of radio wave energy for obtaining or utilizing information (using radio wave transmitters or receivers), as to an object, or as to the directional characteristics of the radio wave energy, per se. his class includes radar systems wherein radio wave energy from a transmitter is reflected or otherwise returned from an object to a receiver which may be at the same location as the transmitter; includes subsystems, components, and related processes which are limited to use in connection with the above. This class is limited to electromagnetic radio frequency waves in the radiation field.

Subclass 150: With common IF channel
Subclass 151: With channel equalization
Subclass 152: With quadrature difference processing
Subclass 153: With particular antenna or waveguide
Subclass 154: Combined with beam steering
Subclass 155: Lobe switching
Subclass 193: Harmonic
Subclass 194: Complex signal (in phase and quadrature)
Subclass 195: Digital processing
Subclass 196: Fast fourier transform (FFT)

Class 711: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Memory

This class provides, within an electrical computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes and apparatus 1. for addressing memory wherein the processes and apparatus involve significant address manipulating (e.g., combining, translating, or mapping and other techniques for formatting and modifying address data) and are combined with specific memory configurations or memory systems; 2. for accessing and controlling memory (e.g., transferring and modifying address data, selecting storage devices, scheduling access); and 3. for forming memory addresses (e.g., virtual memory addressing, address translating, translation-lookaside buffers (TLBs), boundary checking, and page mode).

Subclass 152: Memory access blocking
Subclass 154: Control technique
Subclass 156: Status storage

Class 712: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Processing Architectures And Instruction Processing (E.G., Processors)

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for subject matter represented by a particular arrangement that includes at least one of the following means: 1. components of an individual complete processor, which may be formed on a single integrated circuit (IC); 2. components of a complete digital data processing system; 3. plural processors; or 4. plural digital data processing systems; wherein the particular arrangement further includes at least one of the following functions: (a) processing instruction data for specific processor architectures; (b) accessing or retrieving instruction data of a fixed or variable length from a buffer or other memory and shifting the instruction data to align it with a physical boundary of a buffer or other memory; (c) locating and retrieving instruction data for processing; (d) determining via internal hardware, firmware or software operations the meaning of operation codes, control bits, or operands of instruction data; (e) dispatching instruction data for execution (e.g., designating a register after resolving data conflicts); (f) dynamically testing instruction data and operands to assess conflicts related to data or hardware-resource availability (e.g., identifying data dependencies or utilization conflicts, attempting to resolve such dependencies or conflicts, or both); and (g) dynamically controlling the execution, processing, or sequencing of instruction data within a processor.

Subclass 227: Specialized instruction processing in support of testing, debugging, emulation
Subclass E9.055: Instruction prefetch, e.g., instruction buffer (EPO)
Subclass E9.06: Recovery, e.g., branch miss-prediction, exception handling (EPO)

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 736: With printed circuit boards
Subclass 752: With housing or chassis
Subclass 814: Radio type

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.


Class 343: Communications: Radio Wave Antennas

Antennas for the transmission of radio wave energy through the natural media - air, earth, water, etc. for point-to-point communication or for the reception of such transmitted radio wave energy. Aparatus and systems which constitute part of an antenna transmission or reception.

Subclass 702: With radio cabinet
Subclass 700MS: Microstrip