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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 327: Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, And Systems

This is the residual class for electrical devices, circuits or systems having an output not directly proportional to its input and comprising at least one component which can provide gain or can route electrical current and which device, circuit or system does not form a complete system such as is classified specifically elsewhere or a subcombination of utility only in such elsewhere classified system.

Subclass 108: Current driver
Subclass 110: Having inductive load (e.g., coil, etc.)

Class 379: Telephonic Communications

(1) Systems, processes and instruments for the two-way electrical transmission of intelligible audio information having arbitrary content over a link including an electrical conductor, between spaced apart locations, so as to enable conversation therebetween, and intended for the private use of a listener or a group of listeners. The term "intelligible" used above is intended to include the capability for transmission of speech or the like (e.g., music), rather than restriction to a specified audible signal, such as a bell or buzzer. (2) Switching, signalling or signal transmission peculiar to, or specified as for a telephone or a telephone system, except for multiplex communications as indicated in Lines With Other Classes.

Subclass 93.01: Having transmission of a digital message signal over a telephone line
Subclass 93.05: Terminal interface circuitry
Subclass 377: Using line or loop condition detection (e.g., line circuit)
Subclass 402: Hybrid circuit

Class 370: Multiplex Communications

This is the generic class for multiplexing or duplexing systems, methods, or apparatus.

Subclass 216: FAULT RECOVERY
Subclass 217: Bypass an inoperative switch or inoperative element of a switching system
Subclass 218: Packet switching system or element
Subclass 219: Standby switch
Subclass 221: Bypass an inoperative station
Subclass 222: In a ring or loop network
Subclass 223: Using a secondary ring or loop
Subclass 224: Loopback of signals on the secondary ring or loop
Subclass 225: Bypass an inoperative channel
Subclass 230: Control of data admission to the network
Subclass 230.1: Traffic shaping
Subclass 231: End-to-end flow control
Subclass 232: Based on data flow rate measurement
Subclass 235: Flow control of data transmission through a network
Subclass 235.1: Using leaky bucket technique
Subclass 236: Including signaling between network elements
Subclass 238: Least cost or minimum delay routing
Subclass 241.1: Using OAM (Operation, Administration and Maintenance) cells
Subclass 242: Fault detection
Subclass 244: Of a switching system
Subclass 245: Of a local area network
Subclass 252: Determination of communication parameters
Subclass 256: Spanning tree
Subclass 257: In a bus system
Subclass 258: In a ring system
Subclass 328: Having a plurality of contiguous regions served by respective fixed stations
Subclass 338: Contiguous regions interconnected by a local area network
Subclass 352: Combined circuit switching and packet switching
Subclass 389: Switching a message which includes an address header
Subclass 390: Replicate messages for multiple destination distribution
Subclass 391: Switching input signals having different aggregate bit rates
Subclass 392: Processing of address header for routing, per se
Subclass 395.1: Message transmitted using fixed length packets (e.g., ATM cells)
Subclass 395.21: Based on traffic contract (including using setup messages, QoS, delay/bandwidth requirement)
Subclass 395.41: Based on bandwidth allocation (e.g., Weighted Round Robin)
Subclass 395.42: Based on priority
Subclass 395.52: Internet Protocol (including TCP/IP or UDP/IP) over fixed length packet network (e.g., IP over ATM)
Subclass 395.53: Emulated LAN (LANE/ELAN/VLAN, e.g., Ethernet or token ring legacy LAN over a single ATM network/LAN)
Subclass 396: Distributed switching
Subclass 400: Having a plurality of nodes performing distributed switching
Subclass 401: Bridge or gateway between networks
Subclass 404: Ring or loop forms backbone for interconnecting other networks
Subclass 405: The other networks are ring or loop networks
Subclass 406: Plurality of rings or loops to form a mesh network
Subclass 412: Queuing arrangement
Subclass 420: For connecting plural subscribers to a network (i.e., network termination)
Subclass 424: Including a ring or loop for interconnecting inputs and outputs
Subclass 425: Star configuration
Subclass 445: Carrier sense multiple access (CSMA)
Subclass 460: On ring or loop network
Subclass 465: Adaptive
Subclass 466: Converting between protocols
Subclass 468: Assignment of variable bandwidth or time period for transmission or reception
Subclass 473: Transmission of a single message having multiple packets
Subclass 474: Assembly or disassembly of messages having address headers
Subclass 477: Transmission bandwidth conservation
Subclass 516: Adjusting for phase or jitter
Subclass 522: Signaling (ancillary to main information)
Subclass 529: Information superimposed on other information

Class 709: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for transferring data or instruction information between a plurality of computers wherein the computers employ the data or instructions before or after transferring and the employing affects said transfer of data or instruction information. The class includes - process or apparatus for transferring data among a plurality of spatially distributed (i.e., situated, at plural locations) computers or digital data processing systems via one or more communications media (e.g., computer networks).

Subclass 208: Scaling
Subclass 209: Shifting
Subclass 232: Array of elements (e.g., AND/OR array, etc.)
Subclass 233: Pipeline
Subclass 251: Oscillator controlled
Subclass 252: Linear feedback shift register

Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 104: System configuring

Class 714: Error Detection/Correction And Fault Detection/Recovery

This class provides for process or apparatus for detecting and correcting errors in electrical pulse or pulse coded data; it also provides for process or apparatus for detecting and recovering from faults in electrical computers and digital data processing systems, as well as logic level based systems.

Subclass 2: Fault recovery
Subclass 43: Bus, I/O channel, or network path component fault
Subclass 716: Loop-back
Subclass 717: Loop or ring configuration
Subclass 799: Error/fault detection technique

Class 707: Data Processing:Database And File Management Or Data Structures

This is the generic class for data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the retrieval of data stored in a database or as computer files. It provides for data processing means or steps for generic data, file and directory upkeeping, file naming, and file and database maintenance including integrity consideration, recovery, and versioning. There are three main divisions: 1. database and file accessing; 2. database schema and data structure; 3. file and database maintenance.

Class 398: Optical Communications

This class provides for all types of communication systems in which optical signals are used to transmit modulated carrier wave information between points. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence-bearing signal from one point to another in the form of variations in a characteristic of the light wave. The communication may be through free space, fibers or waveguides. These are used to transfer the information with an optical beam, and this beam can be used in various communication schemes to enable the most effective or desired method of moving the information, including optical multiplexing when plural information signals or plural transmitters and receivers are utilized.

Subclass 2: Bypass inoperative element
Subclass 25: Determination of communication parameter
Subclass 3: In a ring or loop
Subclass 4: Using a secondary ring or loop
Subclass 59: Ring or loop
Subclass 61: Active star

Class 717: Data Processing: Software Development, Installation, And Management

This class provides for software program development tool and techniques including processes and apparatus for controlling data processing operations pertaining to the development, maintenance, and installation of software programs. Such processes and apparatus include: processes and apparatus for program development functions such as specification, design, generation, and version management of source code programs; processes and apparatus for debugging of computer program including monitoring, simulation, emulation, and profiling of software programs; processes and apparatus for translating or compiling programs from a high-level representation to an intermediate code representation and finally into an object or machine code representation, including linking, and optimizing the program for subsequent execution; processes and apparatus for updating, installing, and version management of developed code.

Subclass 149: For a parallel or multiprocessor system
Subclass 150: Loop compiling

Class 719: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Interprogram Communication Or Interprocess Communication (Ipc)

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for exchanging data or messages between two executing programs or processes, independent of the hardware used in the communication.


Class 455: Telecommunications

This is the generic class for modulated carrier wave communications not elsewhere classifiable.

Subclass 453: Load balancing