Tynax ~ Patent Library

Patent for Sale:

Private Listing: Number 3418 Private  

Confidential: Information on this listing is available under NDA to qualifying buyers.


The owner of this listing has requested that patent numbers, descriptions and other information be provided only to qualifying buyers under confidentiality agreement.

Please review the patent class information to determine if the patent(s) matching your areas of interest.
For more information, click "Tell Me More" and we will be happy to follow up with you.

Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 642: LENS
Subclass 798: With viewed object or viewed field illumination
Subclass 800: Illumination through lens
Subclass 811: With support
Subclass 818: With clamp or grip
Subclass 819: Lens mounts
Subclass 822: Adjustable

Class 164: Metal Founding

METAL CASTING - shaping of fluid metallic material. MOLD MAKING - shaping of fluent material to produce a forming. PATTERN MAKING - shaping a fluent material to produce a form or pattern to be used in MOLD MAKING. PRODUCT TREATING - Process and/or apparatus for treating, mixing, or mechanically working the metallic material while molding or while the metallic material is in a mold.

Subclass 334: Means other than mold surface supports preform

Class 29: Metal Working

Metal working or shaping - it comprises processes, tools, machines, and apparatus not classifiable in the specific classes relating to the manufacture of articles from metal. It has been made the generic class for the following regardless of the composition of the blank, stock material, or article recited or worked upon: (a) process of electric condenser making; (b) a burnishing process; (c) a process of manufacture; (d) apparatus used to assemble or disassemble.

Subclass 426.3: With conveying of work or disassembled work part
Subclass 527.3: And casting
Subclass 563: With means to feed work intermittently from one tool station to another

Class 356: Optics: Measuring And Testing

Methods and apparatus (1) for analyzing light to measure or test its characteristics, such as intensity, color and polarization; (2) for determining the optical or nonoptical properties of materials or articles by noting, as by inspection, measurement, or test the effect produced by the materials or articles on light associated therewith; and (3) for measuring the dimensions of structures or the spatial relationships such as distances or angle bearings of spaced points by comparison of the respective properties (usually direction or spatial position) of the light from these points or by comparison of the properties of these lights with some scale or standard. The light analyzing includes or is for spectroscopy, interference, polarization, beam direction or pattern, focal position of a light source, shade or color, and photometers. The material or article properties determined are or involve crystal or gem examination, material strain analysis, blood analysis, optical pyrometers, egg candling, cutting blade sharpness, oil testing, document verification, flatness, lens or reflector testing, refraction testing, monitoring moving webs or fabrics, light transmission or absorption, light reflection, inspection for flaws or imperfections in materials, and thread counting. The dimensioning and spatial relationship determination includes triangulation by a light beam, contour plotting, range or height finders, motion stopping, velocity or velocity/height measuring, sighting where the optical element or reticle moves with the sighted object, particle size determination, particle light scattering, electrophoresis, angle measuring or axial alignment, mensuration or configuration comparison, alignment in a lateral direction, and fiducial instruments.

Subclass 127: Optical center, cylinder axis, or prism measuring or determining
Subclass 401: With registration indicia (e.g., scale)

Class 451: Abrading

The term "abrading" (grinding) may include a polishing device that acts by removal of an integral portion of the material acted upon, but not such as depends upon the application of a coating capable of taking a polish by friction or upon a compression, consolidation, or swaging of the material. Every invention relating to abrading must have to do either with an abrading element; a tool consisting of an abrading element or material and a holder by which it may be put to use; a machine embodying an abrading material or tool and means for moving it or the work, or an action equivalent to that of a tool; a holder for the work; a method or process of abrading; an attachment or accessory to a tool, machine, or process; or a plurality of these features. Note: A cutting device and an abrasive tool distinguished solely by the abrasive material or composition will be found elsewhere.

Subclass 10: And feeding of tool or work holder
Subclass 11: With feeding of tool or work holder
Subclass 140: Work rotating
Subclass 143: Rotary work holder
Subclass 159: Oscillating
Subclass 163: Oscillating
Subclass 218: Work rotating
Subclass 22: Sizing gauge controlled
Subclass 24: Hydraulically driven
Subclass 240: Lens abrader
Subclass 255: Lens abrader
Subclass 256: Lens abrader
Subclass 270: Orbital
Subclass 277: Lens abrader
Subclass 284: Raceway
Subclass 313: Flexible
Subclass 332: Rotary
Subclass 364: WORK HOLDER
Subclass 384: Lens holder
Subclass 387: Angularly adjustable
Subclass 390: Lens or prism
Subclass 397: Work rotating
Subclass 398: Rotary work holder
Subclass 402: Rotary
Subclass 405: Angularly adjustable
Subclass 41: Glass or stone abrading
Subclass 42: Lens
Subclass 420: Rotary abrading tool
Subclass 421: Rotary reciprocating tool
Subclass 443: Dressing
Subclass 45: Razor, knife, or scissors sharpening
Subclass 456: Suction
Subclass 460: Work-mounting device
Subclass 5: Computer controlled
Subclass 504: Including expansible external surface
Subclass 505: Hydraulically actuated
Subclass 509: Tool holding member disconnected from support by partial rotation
Subclass 527: Interrupted or composite work face (e.g., cracked, nonplanar, etc.)
Subclass 53: With critical temperature modification or control of work or abradant
Subclass 538: Strippable layer or component
Subclass 540: RIGID TOOL
Subclass 541: Rotary cylinder
Subclass 547: Ribbed periphery
Subclass 550: Disk laps
Subclass 58: Utilizing mounted rigid abrading tool only
Subclass 59: Utilizing nonrigid tool
Subclass 6: By optical sensor
Subclass 65: Combined
Subclass 67: With nonabrading means
Subclass 69: Cutter
Subclass 9: Of tool or work holder position

Class 74: Machine Element Or Mechanism

Mechanical combinations, contrivances, or devices constituting portions of machines, instruments and apparatus and consisting of two or more fixed and movable parts so combined that the motion of one compels a completely controlled or constrained motion of the other according to a law of operation inherent in and depending on the nature of the combination, and also the elemental parts of such machines not provided for in other machine element classes.

Subclass 490.08: Planar surface with orthogonal movement and rotation

Class 82: Turning

Inventions for producing articles of predetermined section, usually circular, by means of cutters brought into engagement with the exterior of a rotating work-piece or by means of cutters revolving circumferentially around and in engagement with that portion of the work-piece to be shaped. It contains mainly metal-working machines, but is not confined thereto, including all such mechanisms. This class includes severing or cutting (off and/or out) of work of predetermined section (and/or size) by cutting movement(s) of tool and work including (1) relative rotation of either or both about an axis passing through the work and (2) relative translation of either or both substantially normal or parallel to said axis during cutting.

Subclass 11.3: Having electrical actuator
Subclass 118: With program control
Subclass 134: Electrical type
Subclass 165: WORK DRIVER

Class D15: Machines Not Elsewhere Specified

Ornamental designs for: engine; pump or compressor; agricultural or construction machinery; textile, sewing, knitting, and embroidering machine; refrigeration machinery and apparatus; material working, abrading, or founding machinery; heat treatment, welding, or brazing; packaging or wrapping; vibrator or separator; drive train; lubricator or oil collector; miscellaneous.

Class 156: Adhesive Bonding And Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture

This is the generic class for: Manufacturing processes and apparatus; manufacture of articles of commerce in which one of the manufacturing steps includes a chemical reaction; manufacture of panels from settable inorganic compositions; manufacture of electrical conductors of indefinite length.

Subclass 230: Direct contact transfer of adhered lamina from carrier to base
Subclass 234: Of portion only of lamina from carrier
Subclass 240: Transfer of printing or design
Subclass 241: To base coated with adhesive
Subclass 247: With stripping of adhered lamina
Subclass 250: With cutting, punching, tearing or severing
Subclass 268: Partial cutting bonded sandwich (e.g., grooving or incising)
Subclass 275.5: To polymerize or cure material in work
Subclass 275.7: With application of adhesive
Subclass 285: Direct application of vacuum or fluid pressure during bonding
Subclass 289: Utilizing parting or release material to prevent adhesion
Subclass 350: Automatic and/or material-triggered control
Subclass 353: Of cutter
Subclass 359: Of temperature and/or motion of heat exchange means
Subclass 361: Of feed or motion of indefinite length work or transfer carrying tape
Subclass 362: Of feed of articles to assembly station
Subclass 363: Responsive to presence, absence, or condition of article to which applied
Subclass 364: Sheet feeding
Subclass 367: With electrical controls
Subclass 379.6: With means applying wave energy or electrical energy directly to work
Subclass 379.8: With means to assemble laminae or position them relative to each other
Subclass 382: Evacuated or fluid pressure chamber
Subclass 510: With cutting, punching, piercing, severing, or tearing
Subclass 515: Cutting element simultaneously bonds (e.g., cut seaming)
Subclass 517: Severing before bonding or assembling of parts
Subclass 538: With work feeding or handling means
Subclass 543: Indefinite or running length work
Subclass 553: Discontinuous, spaced area, and/or patterned pressing
Subclass 574: Work traversing type and/or means applying work to wall or static structure
Subclass 583.3: With significantly flexible platen
Subclass 64: With measuring, testing, or inspecting

Class 409: Gear Cutting, Milling, Or Planing

Method of or a machine for penetrating material without substantially reshaping the flow of such material by means of a solid tool whose edge defines a line of cut, where in the device is intended to: (a) form a product from a workpiece, which product includes protuberances intended to interfit with pockets in a cooperating member, generally for the transmission of motive force from one of the members to the other; (b) cut by a rotating cutter that forms a shaped surface on the workpiece; or (c) cut by a cutter that reciprocates relative to a workpiece and forms a shaped surface on the workpiece).

Subclass 132: Including infeeding
Subclass 137: With means to remove chip
Subclass 186: With infeed control means energized in response to activator stimulated by condition sensor
Subclass 191: Simultaneously
Subclass 79: With regulation of operation by templet, card, or other replaceable information supply
Subclass 80: With sensing of numerical information and regulation without mechanical connection between sensing means and regulated means (i.e., numerical control)
Subclass 84: Process

Class 700: Data Processing: Generic Control Systems Or Specific Applications

This class is structured into two main divisions: (1)for the combination of a data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) AND a device or apparatus controlled thereby, the entirety hereinafter referred to as a "control system". (2)for data processing or calculating computer apparatus (or corresponding methods for performing data processing or calculating operations) wherein the data processing or calculating computer apparatus is designed for or utilized in a particular art device, system, process, or environment, or is utilized for the solution of a particular problem in a field other than mathematics (arithmetic processing per se is classified elsewhere).

Subclass 130: Textile
Subclass 134: Pattern cutting
Subclass 135: Pattern matching or positioning
Subclass 160: Having particular tool or tool operation
Subclass 163: 3-D sculpturing using nontracing prototype sensor
Subclass 164: Grinding
Subclass 166: Laser
Subclass 167: Of elongated material (e.g., timber, veneer, web)
Subclass 173: Adaptive (optimizing) system
Subclass 182: Including CAD, CAM, or CIM technique
Subclass 185: Prompting technique
Subclass 186: Digital positioning technique
Subclass 187: For curve or contour
Subclass 188: Including velocity or acceleration control
Subclass 189: Interpolation
Subclass 193: Positional compensation or modification compensation or mod
Subclass 195: Having particular measuring device (e.g., probe)
Subclass 219: Associating or disassociating plural articles
Subclass 302: Specific application of positional responsive control system
Subclass 58: Having position marking
Subclass 59: Having optical sensing (e.g., image projection)

Class 269: Work Holders

A device which, during a work treating operation, contacts a workpiece for the purpose of (a) supporting the work against the force of gravity; or (b) preventing movement of the work in a particular direction or in all directions while, as disclosed, such work is supported against the force of gravity; or (c) providing a surface juxtaposed to the work for constraining the motion of a tool during its performance of such work treating operation. Holding articles together so that (by disclosure) a glue, cement or adhesive may set and secure said articles together is considered to be a work holding operation for this class. Thus a clamp or vise, disclosed for use by cabinet makers, carpenters, woodworkers, etc., to hold plural pieces together while an adhesive sets, is properly classifiable in this class.

Subclass 21: Vacuum-type holding means
Subclass 266: Settable elements conformable to work contour

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 111: Textiles or clothing
Subclass 152: Tool, workpiece, or mechanical component inspection

Class 33: Geometrical Instruments

Means for determining the characteristics and the mutual relation of points, lines, angles, surfaces, and solids, considered as having no properties but those arising from extension and difference of situation. It includes mechanically guided means for describing lines.

Subclass 1M: X-Y motion
Subclass 18.1: SCRIBER
Subclass 18.2: Writing
Subclass 23.03: Superposed carriages
Subclass 28: Lens
Subclass 32.3: Moving scriber
Subclass 32.4: And sheet
Subclass 34: Ink
Subclass 200: Spectacle
Subclass 507: Lens
Subclass 551: Profile
Subclass 554: With recording of contact member position at each point on the article

Class 118: Coating Apparatus

pparatus for applying or obtaining a surface coating on a base and/or apparatus for impregnating base materials and takes all such apparatus not provided for in other classes. The coating obtained may be permanent or transitory. The coating may be supplied solely by extraneous materials, as in a painting or waxing operation, or may be supplied wholly or in part by the base materials as in the formation of an oxide coating on a metal base. The coating may consist of an emulsion, dispersion, solution, admixture or oil which is clearly disclosed as leaving a residual film, layer or continuous deposit on the base.

Subclass 668: Responsive to attribute, absence or presence of work
Subclass 694: Level of supply
Subclass 319: Rotating turret work support
Subclass 320: Rotating work
Subclass 503: Gripper or clamped work type

Class 427: Coating Processes

This is the generic class for: A. applying or obtaining a coating on a surface. The coating may be hard or soft, permanent or transitory, supplied solely by extraneous materials or supplied wholly or in part by the base material. B. impregnating a base by causing a coating material to extend or penetrate into the base material, or into the interstices of a porous, cellular or foraminous material. C. taking preparatory treatments of the base material, subsequent treatments of the coated base material and other ancillary noncoating operations claimed, per se, processes limited to etching for making a base more compatible with, or adherent to, the coating wherein the base is the substrate (work) onto which a coating is applied are included.

Subclass 164: Transparent base
Subclass 165: Glass
Subclass 168: Spraying
Subclass 425: Rotating or inverting
Subclass 557: Thermal processes (e.g., radiant heat, infrared, etc.)
Subclass 558: Ultraviolet light

Class 264: Plastic And Nonmetallic Article Shaping Or Treating: Processes

Processes for molding, casting, or shaping of nonmetallic materials to produce articles. Liquid or melt comminuting of materials other than glass or metal. Uniting or compacting of bulk or randomly assembled particles. Furnace Lining or repair. Melt shaping in the absence of a mold or shaping surface, e.g., spheroidizing of particles. Working or treatment of nonmetallic materials not otherwise provided for.

Subclass 1.36: Utilizing plasma, electric, electromagnetic, particulate, or wave energy
Subclass 1.38: Ultraviolet light utilized
Subclass 2.7: Reshaping or treatment of an optical preform

Class 425: Plastic Article Or Earthenware Shaping Or Treating: Apparatus

This is the generic class for: 1. Apparatus including a molding surface which either shapes a fluent or bulk material, which material has plasticity as a property, into a self-sustaining article or preform of desired shape or reshapes or resizes a plastic or "green" preform or product. 2. Apparatus for shaping of molten materials including metal, but excluding glass, where no molding surface is employed. 3. Apparatus for treating a product made by the apparatus of this class. 4. Apparatus for randomly depositing and particulate material.

Class 279: Chucks Or Sockets

A chuck or a socket, per se, that is not elsewhere classified, and which includes a means for making a permanent or temporary and readily-releasable connection between a holder and an object, such as a tool, work-piece, or rod-like body, where the gripping means or seat is on or within the holder or base member.

Subclass 108: Internal-cone actuated
Subclass 111: With indicator
Subclass 156: Tool or work stop or locator
Subclass 37: Reciprocating cam sleeve
Subclass 4.04: Pneumatic type
Subclass 4.12: Fluid pressure moves jaws via mechanical connection

Class 318: Electricity: Motive Power Systems

This is the generic class for system of electrical supply and/or of control for one or more electric motors where the electric motor is claimed in combination with such systems of supply and/or control and the electric motor as claimed constitutes the ultimate and sole electrical load device supplied by the system or constitutes the ultimate and sole electrical device being controlled.

Subclass 561: Adaptive or optimizing systems including bang-bang servos
Subclass 569: Digital or numerical systems
Subclass 573: With interpolating means
Subclass 600: Digital or numerical systems
Subclass 626: Limit or end-stop control
Subclass 652: With particular position measuring instruments

Class 351: Optics: Eye Examining, Vision Testing And Correcting

Optometry - includes eye examining and vision testing instruments. These instruments must include some optical structure or they must operate in conjunction with the optical or vision path of the eye. Included also are these instruments combined with eye exercising and/or training devices; certain accessories such as test charts and/or targets which may involve projection, illuminators and supports which are peculiar to these instruments. Plus methods of operating or using these instruments. Also included are spectacles and eyeglasses, which may include the frames or mountings, with fitted opthalmic lenses, spectacles combined with holders for microphotographs, telescopes or face protecting masks, antiglare or light absorption, rear view reflectors, decorations moisture prevention or absorption, and supports or holders, temples, bridges, connectors, lens linings or rims, and nose pads or cushions, perfecting features in lenses such as with light filtering or with protecting layers. Lastly, methods of making the spectacles and eyeglasses, the opthalmic lenses, and lens repair devices.

Subclass 154: Lens linings or rims
Subclass 159: Ophthalmic lenses or blanks

Class 134: Cleaning And Liquid Contact With Solids

Cleaning, i.e., the separation or removal of adherent dirt, scale, tarnish, impurities or any other foreign or undesired matter from solid materials or objects whether or not the resultant separated ingredients are recovered in whole or in part for subsequent use. Cleaning may be performed by, or may involve as a part thereof, contacting solids with liquids. The contacting of solids with liquids may be for purposes other than cleaning.

Subclass 1.3: Semiconductor cleaning
Subclass 25.4: Manufactured articles
Subclass 32: With work or work parts movable during treatment
Subclass 61: Sequential work treating receptacles or stations with means to transfer work or fluid-applying devices
Subclass 78: With rotary or swinging work transfer means
Subclass 135: With means to hold work holder in draining position above treating liquid
Subclass 147: With movable work support and separate movable means to cause fluid motion (e.g., pump, splasher, agitator)
Subclass 149: Axially rotary chuck, mandrel, rod or axle type holder
Subclass 153: Rotary, pivoted or swinging work holder
Subclass 157: Rotary, revolving, swinging or oscillating motion work holder or carrier

Class 347: Incremental Printing Of Symbolic Information

Processes and apparatus for conveying information by selectively creating on a medium a visibly distinguishable symbol or mark composed of a plurality of portions; created portion by portion as, for example, by pixels or dots. The symbol or mark may be an alphanumeric character or an image.

Subclass 174: Single-head type (e.g., multipass)
Subclass 176: Having single layer colored transfer material
Subclass 214: Ink cassette or cartridge
Subclass 215: Record receiver and transfer medium feeding or driving means
Subclass 217: With transfer medium or driving means therefor
Subclass 218: Record receiver driving means
Subclass 219: Including tensioning means

Class 226: Advancing Material Of Indeterminate Length

A process or apparatus for handling indeterminate-length* material in one of the following ways: (1) moving such material in a direction generally along said length dimension, (2) sensing such material and imparting additional movement to, or otherwise controlling movement of, said material responsive to said sensing, (3) threading a new portion of such material into or through material moving apparatus or (4) constraining such material through a certain path of movement relative to a disclosed material moving apparatus.

Subclass 143: With means to effect feed and retrograde movement
Subclass 17: By roller pair engaging web margin
Subclass 190: Including details of roll or mount
Subclass 20: Responsive to photocell detection
Subclass 3: Involving lateral registration
Subclass 30: By means to vary speed of feed roll
Subclass 4: Involving plural feeding means
Subclass 42: By variable speed power source
Subclass 45: Detector means
Subclass 74: Pins on flexible belt or chain
Subclass 76: Rotating sprocket (e.g., pin-wheel)
Subclass 87: Including detail of prong shape or construction

Class 271: Sheet Feeding Or Delivering

Means for moving an individual sheet from a stack of sheets or positioning the individual sheet with respect to a location where the sheet is operated upon or moving or positioning the individual sheet after having been operated upon.

Subclass 227: Responsive to sheet-sensor
Subclass 228: To control gripper-couple moving sheet to alignment
Subclass 272: Between superposed conveyor couple
Subclass 273: Having means to permit separation of couple
Subclass 274: Including couple-elements resiliently urged together
Subclass 276: Including pneumatic means
Subclass 194: By pneumatic conveyor

Class 40: Card, Picture, Or Sign Exhibiting

Means for displaying information by printed or painted cards, calendars, photographic transparency viewers, railroad train station indicators, pictures, labels or tags or index files. Picture frames and stands for supporting pictures are also included. Albums are included in subclasses Changing exhibitors, Hinged leaves; Changing exhibitors, Pivoted plates, and in Picture frames, Mats, Mounts and backs, Pocketed. Such station-indicators as change the reading matter displayed are included under the several subclasses of Changing exhibitors.

Subclass 584: SIGNS
Subclass 596: Three-dimensional letter

Class 144: Woodworking

Any machine or process for working in wood not classified elsewhere under a more specific title.

Subclass 356: Including monitoring of operation
Subclass 391: Including plural sensors or sensor responsive to comparison between plural conditions
Subclass 393: Sensing performance of work or product
Subclass 400: Sensing tool or tool-linked part
Subclass 134.1: SHAPING MACHINE
Subclass 135.2: Vertical spindle

Class 400: Typewriting Machines

This is the generic class for an apparatus wherein a user of the apparatus causes an intelligible character* to be imprinted on a record-medium* by a type-member* that is impressed on the record-medium, said type-member being selected from a plurality of different type-members, and the selected type-members being impressed serially to form a sequence of characters that record intelligible information.

Subclass 120.02: Multicolor
Subclass 208: Package attached to typewriter
Subclass 234: Including ribbon tensioner
Subclass 577: With means to prevent reverse rotation or ensure full increment (e.g., for backlash prevention)
Subclass 616.1: Including laterally adjustable bands (e.g., tractor feed, etc.)
Subclass 616.3: Pin wheel (e.g., on platen cylinder)
Subclass 634: Including friction-feed means (e.g., band)
Subclass 636: By roller couple (e.g., rotatable pinch rollers, etc.)
Subclass 637: Including lower feed-roller(s) (e.g., pressure roller, etc.)
Subclass 637.1: Including concurrent control for disengagement of upper and lower feed rollers
Subclass 639: Including upper feed-roller(s) (e.g, pressure roller, etc.)
Subclass 659: Cylindrical platen
Subclass 695: Means for correcting typing errors (e.g., by abrasive eraser, etc.)
Subclass 697: By overprinting (e.g, with coated material) to cancel error

Class 346: Recorders

Making a record of the movements of machines or instruments whose movements are desired to be recorded and at least temporarily preserved. Making a record of any phenomenon capable of being detected either quantitatively or qualitatively and recorded for at least temporary preservation: The preceding in general require (a) the means to make the record, (b) the means to detect qualitatively or quantitatively the movement or other phenomenon, and (c) the means actuated in accordance with the movement or other phenomenon to cause the record making means to function.

Subclass 136: Web
Subclass 138: Drum
Subclass 139B: Cable drive means
Subclass 140.1: With ink supply to marker
Subclass 141: Printing, dotting, or punching marker

Class 73: Measuring And Testing

Processes and apparatus for making a measurement of any kind or for making a test of any kind, and takes all such subject matter not provided for in other classes. The term "test" includes inspection, processes and apparatus for determining qualities by inspection being included where not provided for in other classes. This class is the generic class for sampling and takes all sampling apparatus and processes not otherwise provided.

Subclass 1.79: Displacement, motion, distance, or position

Class 250: Radiant Energy

This class provides for all methods and apparatus for using, generating, controlling or detecting radiant energy, combinations including such methods or apparatus, subcombinations of same and accessories therefore not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 559.1: With calibration

Class 702: Data Processing:Measuring, Calibrating, Or Testing

This class provides for apparatus and corresponding methods wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is designed for or utilized in an environment relating to a specific or generic measurement system, a calibration or correction system, or a testing system.

Subclass 87: Zeroing (e.g., null)
Subclass 94: Position measurement

Class 462: Books, Strips, And Leaves For Manifolding

This class provides for (a) an article comprising an upperbody and an underbody for simultaneously receiving indicia on the upperbody and the underbody as a member produces that indicia on the upperbody; and (b) a method of or apparatus for simultaneously producing indicia on the upperbody and underbody of such an article.

Subclass 3: With feed means
Subclass 50: Including pin wheel feed means

Class 83: Cutting

Methods and machines for penetrating material, without substantial reshaping flow of such material, by means of (1) a solid tool, or fluid current, either of which applies mechanical deforming force to the material by direct physical contact therewith, the fluid current forcing the material against a solid tool whose edge defines the line of cut; (2) a heated solid tool which directly engages the material (to effect penetration thereof by melting, or by transmission of mechanical energy, or both); or (3) opposed, controlled fluid currents.

Subclass 879: Scoring
Subclass 881: Active means to control depth of score
Subclass 13: PROCESSES
Subclass 19: By compressing
Subclass 49: Plural cutting steps effect progressive cut
Subclass 56: Cut advances across work surface
Subclass 75: And modify another operation
Subclass 75.5: Optimizing product from unique workpiece
Subclass 76.6: Arithmetically determined program
Subclass 76.7: With condition sensor
Subclass 76.9: With operator input means
Subclass 98: By fluid current
Subclass 100: By suction means
Subclass 152: Suction gripper
Subclass 155: Endless conveyor
Subclass 174.1: Spatially fixed tool
Subclass 368: Positioning of tool controlled
Subclass 422: With means to press work to work-carrier
Subclass 468: With scale or indicator
Subclass 522.12: Signal; e.g., alarm
Subclass 546: Adjustable
Subclass 697: Reciprocable type
Subclass 698.71: For rectilinearly reciprocating tool
Subclass 699.51: Adjustable

Class 428: Stock Material Or Miscellaneous Articles

This is the residual class for: 1. Stock material in the form of a structurally defined web, sheet, rod, strand, fiber, filament, cell, flake, particle not provided elsewhere. 2. Stock material in the form of a web, sheet, mass or layer which consists of or contains a structurally defined constituent or element. 3. A nonstructural laminate defined merely in terms of the composition of one or more layers. 4. An article of manufacture or an intermediate-article not provided for elsewhere. 5. A process for applying an impregnating material to a naturally solid product such as a wood beam, a sheet of leather or a stone, or for applying a coating to a base, and which process includes no significant method step.

Subclass 41.9: Dissimilar adhesives
Subclass 137: Composite web or sheet
Subclass 138: Including nonapertured component
Subclass 141: Continuous and nonuniform or irregular surface on layer or component (e.g., roofing, etc.)
Subclass 213: Thickness (relative or absolute)
Subclass 220: Physical dimension specified
Subclass 346: Heat or solvent activated or sealable
Subclass 350: Water activated
Subclass 354: Three or more layers
Subclass 510: Where addition polymer is an ester or halide
Subclass 511: Paper or wood
Subclass 518: Next to vinyl or vinylidene chloride polymer
Subclass 520: Ester, halide or nitrile of addition polymer
Subclass 522: Ester, halide or nitrile of addition polymer

Class 76: Metal Tools And Implements, Making

Subclass 101.1: BLANK OR PROCESS
Subclass 107.8: Steel rule die

Class 101: Printing

Means not otherwise provided for adapted to produce characters or designs on surfaces by impression of types or dies or by applying coating material thereto through openings of previous portions of a pattern sheet, as in stenciling, or by impression from planos:graphic or intaglio surfaces.

Subclass 474: Work held on flat surface
Subclass 423: Cleaners

Class 408: Cutting By Use Of Rotating Axially Moving Tool

Methods and machines for penetrating material, without substantial reshaping flow of such material, by means of a solid tool that turns about an axis, and moves relative to a workpiece, along that axis during operation.

Subclass 95: With presser foot

Class 407: Cutters, For Shaping

Cutting tools for shaping (as distinguished from subdividing) generally to be used in a "milling, gear cutting, or planing" machine or in a lathe, will be found in this class unless specifically provided for in another class. Included herein is all the structure normally replaced in changing from a first to a second tool, unless there is relative movement between part of the normally replaced structure and the cutting edge.

Subclass 53: Face or end mill
Subclass 55: Compound tooth arrangement

Class 367: Communications, Electrical: Acoustic Wave Systems And Devices

The communication of information or intelligence in the form of travelling stresses in an elastic medium which are detected or generated by electric signal handling means wherein the electric signal represents the communicated information or intelligence.

Subclass 179: Pendulum type

Class 15: Brushing, Scrubbing, And General Cleaning

Apparatus designed or adapted for cleaning - for the removal of foreign matter - by any of the following means - viz., a draft or current of air, steam, or equivalent gaseous fluid, dry brushing along; brushing, and an applied liquid - i.e., scrubbing, beating, scraping, erasing, shaking, wiping, shotting, the use of squeegee, the application of an electrostatic field or any combination including one or more of these agencies.

Subclass 339: Combined, e.g., with signal or indicator
Subclass 415.1: Nozzle

Class 198: Conveyors: Power-Driven

A power-driven conveyor is an assemblage of elements for moving a load over a predetermined path or path section. The assemblage generally includes a single frame structure mounting a power-driven load-advancing means which is used to advance the load over the predetermined path.

Subclass 689.1: Suction
Subclass 750.1: Reciprocating conveying surface
Subclass 867.01: Holder is removable or replaceable relative to drive
Subclass 867.15: Holder is attached by a detachable connector to the drive
Subclass 803.2: Holder supported and driven by horizontally spaced drive
Subclass 836.1: Having load retainer or guide separate from carrier belt
Subclass 850: Formed of or including pivotally interconnected rigid links

Class 178: Telegraphy

Means for transmitting to a distance messages, unlimited with respect to the extent of information they are adapted to convey, and the transmission and facsimile reproduction of written, printed, or otherwise produced characters, marks, pictures, etc., unlimited with respect to form or outline, by the utilization of conductive or inductive electrical current impulses or reversals, the elements of the messages being selected or composed at will, according to a prearranged code, or the transmitter being actuated or controlled by a previously designed pattern.

Subclass 18.01: Position coordinate determination for writing (e.g., writing digitizer pad, stylus, or circuitry)
Subclass 18.03: Writing digitizer pad

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 179: Stylus

Class 219: Electric Heating

This class includes all those devices commonly known as electric heaters, electric-heating metal working apparatus, electrically-heated tools and instruments. This is the generic class for electric heating devices, per se. Devices and systems equipped with electric heating means in which the electric heating means is combined with or includes specific other art structure whereby the heated material is withdrawn, stored or otherwise utilized will also be classified in the appropriate other art class to which it pertains.

Subclass 121.67: Cutting
Subclass 121.68: Etching or trimming
Subclass 121.72: Methods
Subclass 121.78: Beam position control
Subclass 121.82: Workpiece position control
Subclass 121.84: With fluid supply

Class 417: Pumps

This is the general class for the pumping of fluids, and includes the pumping of slurries, fluent material and the like if handled in a manner not inconsistent with the handling of fluids. A pump is defined as means to move a fluid by taking it from one place or location and moving it to another place or location different from whence it came, the pump, therefore having an inlet and an outlet for the pumped fluid which are separate and distinct. The pumping of the fluid is generally accomplished by action thereon of a mechanical member (eg. piston) or by contact or entrainment with another fluid (eg. jet pumps). Also, the pumping may be accomplished by the direct action on the pumped fluid of an electric or magnetic. This class is the residual home for the formation of a vacuum in an enclosed space by a gettering action; a getter being a material which when placed in an enclosed space reduces the gas or vapor content of the space either by a chemical or physical action. Also, included are those devices and processes in which the fluid is ionized to permit or enhance the gettering action. These devices are often termed "getter-ion pumps".

Subclass 466: Inlet or discharge controlled by cooperating port in reciprocating cylinder and fixed member

Class 211: Supports: Racks

Built-up open framework structures designed to support articles. Racks in the nature of upright stands or standards carrying article supports are also included, and also self-supporting articles supports, frequently built up of sheet material. The term "racks" includes frame structures and supports having flexible supporting elements, such as strands or straps, as the article-supporting elements.

Subclass 41.18: Semiconductor wafer

Class 248: Supports

Devices which carry the weight of an article or articles or otherwise hold or steady it or them against the pull of gravity, and devices for holding an article to its support, which are not otherwise provided for.

Subclass 363: VACUUM

Class 399: Electrophotography

Electrophotographically reproducing an original by the action of light directly from the original to a photoconductive member whose electrical conductivity, electrical charge, magnetic condition, or electrical emissivity of a photoconductive medium is selectively altered by the action of light to produce an electrostatic latent image which persists after imaging based upon differences in such electrical property. The latent image is made visible by development; and the developed image may be made permanent by transfer and fixing, or fixing.

Subclass 147: Having overlayer
Subclass 222: Development
Subclass 296: Treatment of developed image prior to transfer

Class 212: Traversing Hoists

Apparatus and methods for lifting a load and shifting it laterally by an elevating means applied through a support from which a load engager is suspended and including one of the following: A load engager freely suspended by a flexible member. A bridge or a boom on which a load-supporting trolley is adapted to move to shift the load laterally. A trolley. A vertically swinging boom claimed without regard to a self-loading or unloading feature (e.g., a bucket, fork, or grab type load engager).


Class 30: Cutlery

(1) cutting implements including those for cutting by a sharp point, which are manipulable by hand. Such implements may be power operated and the motive power means may be built into the structure of the cutting implement. (2) special machines which are not hand manipulable, namely, special machines and fixed cutters in which the work moves relative to the machine or cutter, since these structures are too closely related to the hand cutters to separate; see necked receptacle seal cutters, can openers, carton openers, cigar tip cutters, cord cutters, and segmenters. (3) hand manipulable scrapers having a sharpened scraping or cutting edge. (4) culinary and table forks and spoons due to their close relation to knives in use and manufacture.

Subclass 350: Metallurgical feature
Subclass 357: Edge structure

Class 242: Winding, Tensioning, Or Guiding

A process or apparatus for progressively winding elongated flexible material more than 360 about an axis of a take-up of restricted length, as in: Unwinding and rewinding an information-bearing carrier associated with a nominal work station such as that found in a magnetic recorder/player, film projector, or camera; Forming an indefinite length of running material in loops to form a bundle of coils solely by wrapping or winding the material about a form; Unidirectional winding and unwinding; Reeling; Winding by use of machine or implement. A storage coil formed exclusively by such a winding process or apparatus. A process or apparatus limited to unwinding material from a storage coil. A process or apparatus for tensioning. A process or apparatus for guiding; or a subcombination peculiar to winding, unwinding, tensioning, or guiding, such as a spool, spindle, mandrel, or dispenser.

Subclass 418.1: Slackness sensor
Subclass 538.2: With intermediate access station

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Class 312: Supports: Cabinet Structure

Receptacles or enclosures, combined with article supporting means such as drawers, racks, shelves, etc., fixed or movable partly or wholly out of the enclosure to make the article supported more readily accessible, and enclosures combined with any nonreceptacle feature.

Subclass 223.3: Work station or support furniture for computer or computer related equipment

European Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:


MACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING . Machines or devices designed for grinding edges or bevels on work or for removing burrs; Accessories therefor .