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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 174: Electricity: Conductors And Insulators

This class is for inventions relating to the structure of electrical conductors and insulators and insulators and the apparatus specialized to mounting, supporting, encasing in conduits, and/or housing the same. Conductors may be bare or be encased in insulation, may be single strand or plural strand, may be of single conductor form or there may be a plurality of conductors associated together to form a cable. Since all materials that have the property of being conductors of electricity and all devices made therefrom may be termed electrical conductors, only those structures that are specially designed to conduct electricity as their proximate purpose are placed in this class. Insulators are placed here when the structure thereof is claimed, which structure is specially designed for spacing two or more devices of different electrical potential from each other or for spacing one or more devices from ground. Since all materials which are poor conductors of electricity and devices made therefrom may be termed electrical insulators, only those structures whose proximate purpose is that already stated. Conduits are placed in this class only when some characteristic is claimed which limits the same to the electrical use.

Subclass 16.1: By ventilation or gas circulation
Subclass 16.3: With heat sink
Subclass 250: Preformed panel circuit arrangement (e.g., printed circuit)
Subclass 254: Convertible shape (e.g., flexible) or circuit (e.g., breadboard)
Subclass 262: Feedthrough
Subclass 117FF: Conductor itself is flat

Class 333: Wave Transmission Lines And Networks

Electric wave transmission systems wherein electromagnetic wave energy is guided or constrained by a wave transmission device of the long line type other than loaded lines. Included are passive wave transmission networks simulating the characteristics of a long line wave transmission systems or wave guides, such as artificial lines, delay networks, resonators, impedance matching networks, equalizers, wave filters and transmission line terminations. Passive coupling networks and terminating networks having either lumped or distributed electrical circuit parameters and having impedance characteristics. Smoothing type wave filters having shunt capacitance, or series inductance. Networks including a wave transmission device and means for decreasing the amplitude range of the signal applied to the transmission device as the signal increases in amplitude and means for increasing or restoring the amplitude range of the signal after the transmission over the transmission device. Passive networks for producing an output wave which is the time derivative or time integral of the input wave. Systems including active elements for producing across at least two of the system terminals a negative resistance, and/or an inductance, or capacitance which may be positive or negative. Wave traps using long line elements.


Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 689: Fluid
Subclass 690: Air
Subclass 694: With air circulating means
Subclass 695: Fan or blower
Subclass 697: With heat sink or cooling fins
Subclass 704: Thermal conduction
Subclass 707: Through support means
Subclass 709: Heat sink
Subclass 718: For integrated circuit
Subclass 719: Circuit board mounted
Subclass 736: With printed circuit boards
Subclass 737: IC card or card member
Subclass 744: Cordwood type
Subclass 749: Flexible board
Subclass 753: Specific chassis or ground
Subclass 759: With lock or interlock
Subclass 760: Connection of components to board
Subclass 761: Component within printed circuit board
Subclass 764: Integrated circuit
Subclass 785: With separable connector or socket means
Subclass 790: Stacked
Subclass 794: Power, voltage, or current layer
Subclass 801: Specific latching or retaining device
Subclass 802: Specific alignment or guide means
Subclass 803: Interconnection details
Subclass 804: Spacer details
Subclass 807: Component mounting or support means
Subclass 809: With discrete structure or support
Subclass 818: EMI

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.

Subclass 160: Including handle for direct manual urge to separate
Subclass 331: Movement-actuating or retaining means comprises cover press
Subclass 377: For guiding side of movable panel, e.g., circuit board
Subclass 61: Receives plural panel circuit edges
Subclass 65: With provision to conduct electricity from panel circuit to another panel circuit
Subclass 66: Conductor is compressible and to be sandwiched between panel circuits
Subclass 67: Flexible panel
Subclass 68: Micro panel circuit arrangement, e.g., ICM, DIP, chip, wafer, etc.
Subclass 71: Leadless
Subclass 74: Overlying second preformed panel circuit, both adapted to be electrically connected
Subclass 91: Adapted to be sandwiched between preformed panel circuit arrangements
Subclass 96: Pliable conductor for making grounding connection of connector to container

Class 714: Error Detection/Correction And Fault Detection/Recovery

This class provides for process or apparatus for detecting and correcting errors in electrical pulse or pulse coded data; it also provides for process or apparatus for detecting and recovering from faults in electrical computers and digital data processing systems, as well as logic level based systems.

Subclass 724: Digital logic testing

Class 324: Electricity: Measuring And Testing

This is the residual home for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to the measuring, testing (or sensing) of electric properties, (e.g., determining ground resistivity, determining frequency of an alternating current, determining kilowatt hour demand), or the measuring, testing or sensing of nonelectric properties by electric means (e.g., determining moisture, a nonelectric property, by measuring conductance with a resistance bridge; determining speed, a nonelectric property by use of an electric tachometer).

Subclass 755: Internal of or on support for device under test (DUT)

Class 211: Supports: Racks

Built-up open framework structures designed to support articles. Racks in the nature of upright stands or standards carrying article supports are also included, and also self-supporting articles supports, frequently built up of sheet material. The term "racks" includes frame structures and supports having flexible supporting elements, such as strands or straps, as the article-supporting elements.

Subclass 41.17: Circuit board

Class 24: Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, Etc.

Buckles, buttons, clasps, cord and rope holders, pins, separable fasteners, etc., which have become so varied in use and so allied in structure as to belong to no specific art, but are novel only as to their structures. There are, however, several types of fastenings included where the devices are but slightly identified with the art and are closely analogous to the main titles above cited. Such patents are retained under more or less art titles. Devices which embrace fastenings as above, but also include elements which connect them with various specific arts, have been excluded as far as practicable.

Subclass 544: Pivoted lock member

Class 70: Locks

A lock is defined as a securing device or a plurality of devices including mechanism requiring means unknown or inaccessible to or beyond the control of the public, or secret means, or secret knowledge, or a combination of such means and knowledge for successful normal operation to a releasing condition. Generally, these devices embody fixed or movable blocking elements or impediments hindering or precluding unauthorized or suppertitious manipulation except by the means above noted, or secret knowledge, usually a special, prearranged or predetermined key or combination of movements.

Class 165: Heat Exchange

Apparatus or process not provided for in other classes for transferring heat, or apparatus or process not provided for in other classes relating to an auxiliary device particularly adapted to be used with such heat transfer apparatus.

Subclass 104.32: With pressurizing means or degassifying means
Subclass 122: Heating or cooling means and gas pump in housing
Subclass 80.3: Air cooled, including fins

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 718: Heat dissipating element held in place by clamping or spring means
Subclass 719: Pressed against semiconductor element
Subclass 721: With gas coolant
Subclass E23.044: For devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating, or switching, capacitors, or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier (EPO)
Subclass E23.086: Snap-on arrangements, e.g., clips (EPO)
Subclass E23.099: By flowing gases, e.g., air (EPO)
Subclass E23.102: Cooling facilitated by shape of device (EPO)
Subclass E23.106: Laminates or multilayers, e.g., direct bond copper ceramic substrates (EPO)

Class 454: Ventilation

This is the parent class for apparatus and processes for supplying air to and removing it from enclosures, for distributing and circulating the air therein, or for preventing its contamination.


Class 427: Coating Processes

This is the generic class for: A. applying or obtaining a coating on a surface. The coating may be hard or soft, permanent or transitory, supplied solely by extraneous materials or supplied wholly or in part by the base material. B. impregnating a base by causing a coating material to extend or penetrate into the base material, or into the interstices of a porous, cellular or foraminous material. C. taking preparatory treatments of the base material, subsequent treatments of the coated base material and other ancillary noncoating operations claimed, per se, processes limited to etching for making a base more compatible with, or adherent to, the coating wherein the base is the substrate (work) onto which a coating is applied are included.

Subclass 282: Mask or stencil utilized
Subclass 96.1: Integrated circuit, printed circuit, or circuit board
Subclass 96.2: Protective coating (e.g., encapsulating, etc.)

Class 101: Printing

Means not otherwise provided for adapted to produce characters or designs on surfaces by impression of types or dies or by applying coating material thereto through openings of previous portions of a pattern sheet, as in stenciling, or by impression from planos:graphic or intaglio surfaces.

Subclass 107: Ribbon inker
Subclass 163: Bed and platen
Subclass 170: Processes
Subclass 483: PROCESSES

Class 216: Etching A Substrate: Processes

Chemical etching processes for treating articles of commerce or intermediate articles not otherwise provided for in which one of the manufacturing steps includes a chemical etching step (use of an etchant) and wherein the material treated is not completely removed.


Class 29: Metal Working

Metal working or shaping - it comprises processes, tools, machines, and apparatus not classifiable in the specific classes relating to the manufacture of articles from metal. It has been made the generic class for the following regardless of the composition of the blank, stock material, or article recited or worked upon: (a) process of electric condenser making; (b) a burnishing process; (c) a process of manufacture; (d) apparatus used to assemble or disassemble.

Subclass 832: Assembling to base an electrical component, e.g., capacitor, etc.
Subclass 837: By inserting component lead or terminal into base aperture
Subclass 839: Including metal fusion
Subclass 840: By metal fusion
Subclass 843: By metal fusion bonding
Subclass 850: By using wire as conductive path
Subclass 857: Assembling terminal to elongated conductor
Subclass 860: By metal fusion bonding
Subclass 739: Means to fasten electrical component to wiring board, base, or substrate
Subclass 741: Multilead component

Class 228: Metal Fusion Bonding

Method of joining the meeting faces of juxtaposed or engaged metal work parts or of the same part originally in a form-sustaining state, by the direct application of heat and/or mechanical energy to either of: (a) such work parts, to such an extent as to effect a flowing or blending together of some of the metal in neighboring regions of said work parts into a continuous metallic zone interconnecting said work parts, or (b) such work parts and a metallic filler, to such an extent as to effect a flowing or blending together of the filler and some of the metal of said work portions into a continuous metallic zone interconnecting said work portions with filler and thus with each other.

Subclass 200: Cooling under particular conditions
Subclass 9: Work-responsive (e.g., temperature, orientation of work, etc.)

Class 336: Inductor Devices

Inductor devices having capacitance or resistance; pattern controlled variable inductor devices and pattern tracing devices which actuate variable inductor devices; variable inductor devices operated by a condition sensitive means; electromagnets and permanent magnets; inductor device systems.

Subclass 200: Printed circuit-type coil
Subclass 234: Laminated type (includes bundles of rods or wires)

Class 118: Coating Apparatus

pparatus for applying or obtaining a surface coating on a base and/or apparatus for impregnating base materials and takes all such apparatus not provided for in other classes. The coating obtained may be permanent or transitory. The coating may be supplied solely by extraneous materials, as in a painting or waxing operation, or may be supplied wholly or in part by the base materials as in the formation of an oxide coating on a metal base. The coating may consist of an emulsion, dispersion, solution, admixture or oil which is clearly disclosed as leaving a residual film, layer or continuous deposit on the base.

Subclass 641: Radiant heating
Subclass 503: Gripper or clamped work type

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 572.1: Detectable device on protected article (e.g., tag)
Subclass 572.7: Specified antenna structure