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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 385: Optical Waveguides

(1) An optical waveguiding element, which conveys light from one point to another through an optically transparent elongated structure by modal transmission, total internal reflection, or total reflectorization. (2) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with an additional broadly recited optical element which couples light or a combination. (3) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with structure which mechanically joins this waveguiding element with another or with a diverse optical element. (4) An optical modulator where the modulation of a light wave characteristic is performed exclusively within an optical waveguiding element. (5) Other miscellaneous devices formed of an optical waveguide (e.g., a waveguide sensing device) and supplemental devices which are limited to use with an optical waveguide (e.g., an external clamp or retainer).


Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 13: Head up display
Subclass 15: Using a hologram as an optical element
Subclass 298: Light wave directional modulation (e.g., deflection or scanning is representative of the modulating signal)
Subclass 565: From zone plate
Subclass 569: Including particular grating characteristic
Subclass 573: Variable grating
Subclass 619: By surface composed of lenticular elements
Subclass 630: Superimposing visual information on observers field of view (e.g., head-up arrangement, etc.)
Subclass 638: With partial reflection at a surface of a prism
Subclass 800: Illumination through lens
Subclass 802: Magnifier
Subclass 803: Hand held
Subclass 809: Combined with diverse art tool, instrument or machine
Subclass 823: With axial adjustment (e.g., adjustable focus, etc.)

Class 715: Data Processing: Presentation Processing Of Document

This class provides for data processing means or steps wherein a) human perceptible elements of electronic information (i.e., text or graphics) are gathered, associated, created, formatted, edited, prepared, or otherwise processed in forming a unified collection of such information storable as a distinct entity, b) a users interaction with a computer system is used to control the presentation of display data; such interaction is interpreted and used by a data processor or computer architecture wherein system level elements of computation or data processing techniques are used prior to use with or in a specific display system, or c) a small program takes over a display screen if there are no keystrokes or mouse movements for a specified duration.

Subclass 835: Selectable iconic array
Subclass 856: Cursor

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 1.3: Tiling or modular adjacent displays
Subclass 157: Cursor mark position control device
Subclass 169: Portable (i.e., handheld, calculator, remote controller)
Subclass 173: Touch panel
Subclass 205: Physically integral with display elements
Subclass 32: Optical means interposed in viewing path (e.g., filters, lens, etc.)
Subclass 555: For storing compressed data
Subclass 660: Scaling
Subclass 82: Solid body light emitter (e.g., LED)
Subclass 83: Color
Subclass 84: Light-controlling display elements

Class 375: Pulse Or Digital Communications

This is the generic class for pulse or digital communication systems using electrical or electromagnetic signals. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence bearing signal from one point to another in the form of discrete variations in some parameter of the electrical or electromagnetic signal.

Subclass E7.088: Involving coding of different picture or data components (EPO)
Subclass E7.199: Syntax aspects, e.g., source coding bistream syntax (EPO)

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 81: With specific housing or contact structure
Subclass 88: Plural light emitting devices (e.g., matrix, 7-segment array)
Subclass E25.032: Comprising optoelectronic devices, e.g., LED, photodiodes (EPO)

Class 235: Registers

Machines employed for ascertaining the number of movements of various devices or machines; also, indicating devices where the purpose is to disclose the numerical extent or quantity of movement of a machine and where the device is separate and independent of the machine whose movements are to be noted; also organized machines, such as, cash-registers, fare-registers, voting machines and calculators having registering or counting devices as essential or important elements and having in addition certain other features necessary to make up the complete machines for the purposes desired.

Subclass 380: Credit or identification card systems
Subclass 457: Holographic
Subclass 486: Holding devices
Subclass 487: RECORDS
Subclass 490: Projections
Subclass 492: Conductive

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 691.1: Specified indicator structure
Subclass 691.6: Information display
Subclass 7.55: Display
Subclass 815.46: Audio responsive lamp

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 229.1: Combined automatic gain control and exposure control (i.e., sensitivity control)
Subclass 333.07: Detachable
Subclass 333.09: With optical viewfinder (e.g., correction for parallax, etc.)
Subclass 364: Based on image signal
Subclass 373: Support or housing
Subclass 744: Projection device
Subclass 750: Plural parallel light modulators
Subclass 758: Plural serial light modulators
Subclass E9.01: Using solid-state devices (EPO)
Subclass E9.024: Using solid-state color display devices (EPO)
Subclass E5.034: Circuitry for compensating for variation in the brightness of the object (EPO)
Subclass E5.037: By influencing the exposure time, e.g., shutter (EPO)
Subclass E5.093: Transmitter circuitry (EPO)

Class 349: Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements And Systems

Cells, elements, and systems which include molecules of a material having both liquid and crystalline properties. Included in this class are those which have a significant liquid crystal cell detail or liquid crystal response or properties, and in which the liquid crystal controls or changes the optical properties of electromagnetic radiation such as direction, phase, amplitude, frequency, or polarization state. This class also provides for nominal manufacturing methods for producing significant liquid crystal cell structure.

Subclass 149: Having connection detail to external circuit
Subclass 196: Beam dividing switch formed from liquid crystal cell
Subclass 202: For beam steering
Subclass 5: Projector including liquid crystal cell (s)
Subclass 57: Lens or prism separate from projection system (i.e., it is not integral part of illumination system)
Subclass 73: Interconnection of plural cells in parallel (e.g., edge to edge)

Class 455: Telecommunications

This is the generic class for modulated carrier wave communications not elsewhere classifiable.

Subclass 74: Convertible (e.g., to diverse art device)
Subclass 553.1: Radiotelephone having plural transceivers (e.g., for analog and digital, trunking and cellular, etc.)
Subclass 557: Interface attached device (e.g., interface with modem, facsimile, computer, etc.)
Subclass 566: Having display
Subclass 572: Power supply
Subclass 347: Cabinet, housing, or chassis structure
Subclass 348: With retractable or readily detachable chassis
Subclass 349: Sectional or interconnectable (e.g., modules)

Class 379: Telephonic Communications

(1) Systems, processes and instruments for the two-way electrical transmission of intelligible audio information having arbitrary content over a link including an electrical conductor, between spaced apart locations, so as to enable conversation therebetween, and intended for the private use of a listener or a group of listeners. The term "intelligible" used above is intended to include the capability for transmission of speech or the like (e.g., music), rather than restriction to a specified audible signal, such as a bell or buzzer. (2) Switching, signalling or signal transmission peculiar to, or specified as for a telephone or a telephone system, except for multiplex communications as indicated in Lines With Other Classes.

Subclass 433.04: Display on handset

Class 712: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Processing Architectures And Instruction Processing (E.G., Processors)

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for subject matter represented by a particular arrangement that includes at least one of the following means: 1. components of an individual complete processor, which may be formed on a single integrated circuit (IC); 2. components of a complete digital data processing system; 3. plural processors; or 4. plural digital data processing systems; wherein the particular arrangement further includes at least one of the following functions: (a) processing instruction data for specific processor architectures; (b) accessing or retrieving instruction data of a fixed or variable length from a buffer or other memory and shifting the instruction data to align it with a physical boundary of a buffer or other memory; (c) locating and retrieving instruction data for processing; (d) determining via internal hardware, firmware or software operations the meaning of operation codes, control bits, or operands of instruction data; (e) dispatching instruction data for execution (e.g., designating a register after resolving data conflicts); (f) dynamically testing instruction data and operands to assess conflicts related to data or hardware-resource availability (e.g., identifying data dependencies or utilization conflicts, attempting to resolve such dependencies or conflicts, or both); and (g) dynamically controlling the execution, processing, or sequencing of instruction data within a processor.

Subclass 23: Superscalar
Subclass 34: Including coprocessor
Subclass 36: Application specific
Subclass E9.017: Controlling the executing of arithmetic operations (EPO)
Subclass E9.071: Using a plurality of independent parallel functional units (EPO)

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 172: For setting a threshold