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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 250: Radiant Energy

This class provides for all methods and apparatus for using, generating, controlling or detecting radiant energy, combinations including such methods or apparatus, subcombinations of same and accessories therefore not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 281: IONIC SEPARATION OR ANALYSIS
Subclass 282: Methods
Subclass 287: With time-of-flight indicator
Subclass 288: With sample supply means
Subclass 290: Cyclically varying ion selecting field means
Subclass 291: Circular ion path
Subclass 397: With detector
Subclass 423F: Field ionization type
Subclass 423R: ION GENERATION
Subclass 427: Electron bombardment type

Class 216: Etching A Substrate: Processes

Chemical etching processes for treating articles of commerce or intermediate articles not otherwise provided for in which one of the manufacturing steps includes a chemical etching step (use of an etchant) and wherein the material treated is not completely removed.

Subclass 10: Forming or treating liquid transfer cylinder or tubular article (e.g., printing roll, etc.)
Subclass 24: FORMING OR TREATING OPTICAL ARTICLE
Subclass 33: ADHESIVE OR AUTOGENOUS BONDING OF TWO OR MORE SELF-SUSTAINING PREFORMS WHEREIN AT LEAST TWO OF THE PREFORMS ARE NOT INTENDED TO BE REMOVED (E.G., PREFABRICATED BASE, ETC.)
Subclass 56: ETCHING TO PRODUCE POROUS OR PERFORATED ARTICLE
Subclass 99: Substrate contains silicon or silicon compound

Class 73: Measuring And Testing

Processes and apparatus for making a measurement of any kind or for making a test of any kind, and takes all such subject matter not provided for in other classes. The term "test" includes inspection, processes and apparatus for determining qualities by inspection being included where not provided for in other classes. This class is the generic class for sampling and takes all sampling apparatus and processes not otherwise provided.

Subclass 23.35: Gas chromatography
Subclass 23.36: With electrical computer or data processor control
Subclass 23.4: Detector detail
Subclass 23.42: Detail of gas handling means
Subclass 24.01: By vibration
Subclass 24.06: Detector detail
Subclass 31.03: Impurity
Subclass 31.05: Detector detail
Subclass 580: Including weight determination

Class 65: Glass Manufacturing

(1) processes and/or apparatus for making stock or articles of those ceramic masses, which generally include a "glass former" or an oxide which approaches glass forming properties, in their composition and which are formed by fusion of raw materials (generally mixtures, most of which are of an earthy nature - as distinguished from metallic, organic, etc., - silicon, silica, and slag are included) at ordinary high furnace temperatures, by working (molding, shaping, etc.) of the mass after being melted or changed to a plastic or softened state by heating; and (2) processes and/or apparatus for treating stock or articles made

Subclass 110: Utilizing vacuum or gas pressure
Subclass 152: FUSION BONDING MEANS
Subclass 155: Electronic device making
Subclass 169: WITH MEANS PROVIDING PARTING MATERIAL
Subclass 170: WITH APPARATUS LUBRICATING MEANS
Subclass 34: With sealing off of gas evacuating opening
Subclass 36: Fusion bonding of glass to a formed part
Subclass 374.15: Elemental carbon containing (e.g., graphite, charcoal, etc.)
Subclass 38: With bonding of at least three formed parts
Subclass 40: Dielectric or joule effect heating of work
Subclass 42: Bonding of subassembly with subsequent assembly and bonding (formed parts only)
Subclass 44: With embossing or corrugating
Subclass 56: With severing, perforating, or breaking of glass
Subclass 59.1: Of glass to metal part
Subclass 59.4: Metal part outside of glass part
Subclass 63: Sequentially forming, reheating, and working

Class 156: Adhesive Bonding And Miscellaneous Chemical Manufacture

This is the generic class for: Manufacturing processes and apparatus; manufacture of articles of commerce in which one of the manufacturing steps includes a chemical reaction; manufacture of panels from settable inorganic compositions; manufacture of electrical conductors of indefinite length.

Subclass 104: With air evacuation between laminae
Subclass 106: With preformed intermediate adhesive layer
Subclass 285: Direct application of vacuum or fluid pressure during bonding
Subclass 286: To remove gas from between assembled laminae
Subclass 309.6: Involving defined plastic flow or melting of entire lamina
Subclass 87: Providing escapeways for gases trapped or generated between layers
Subclass 89.12: Forming electrical article or component thereof

Class 228: Metal Fusion Bonding

Method of joining the meeting faces of juxtaposed or engaged metal work parts or of the same part originally in a form-sustaining state, by the direct application of heat and/or mechanical energy to either of: (a) such work parts, to such an extent as to effect a flowing or blending together of some of the metal in neighboring regions of said work parts into a continuous metallic zone interconnecting said work parts, or (b) such work parts and a metallic filler, to such an extent as to effect a flowing or blending together of the filler and some of the metal of said work portions into a continuous metallic zone interconnecting said work portions with filler and thus with each other.

Subclass 44.3: INCLUDING MEANS TO FORCE OR CLAMP WORK PORTIONS TOGETHER DURING BONDING

Class 264: Plastic And Nonmetallic Article Shaping Or Treating: Processes

Processes for molding, casting, or shaping of nonmetallic materials to produce articles. Liquid or melt comminuting of materials other than glass or metal. Uniting or compacting of bulk or randomly assembled particles. Furnace Lining or repair. Melt shaping in the absence of a mold or shaping surface, e.g., spheroidizing of particles. Working or treatment of nonmetallic materials not otherwise provided for.

Subclass 102: To degas or prevent gas entrapment
Subclass 510: Producing multilayer work or article

Class 29: Metal Working

Metal working or shaping - it comprises processes, tools, machines, and apparatus not classifiable in the specific classes relating to the manufacture of articles from metal. It has been made the generic class for the following regardless of the composition of the blank, stock material, or article recited or worked upon: (a) process of electric condenser making; (b) a burnishing process; (c) a process of manufacture; (d) apparatus used to assemble or disassemble.

Subclass 428: Assembling or joining

Class 425: Plastic Article Or Earthenware Shaping Or Treating: Apparatus

This is the generic class for: 1. Apparatus including a molding surface which either shapes a fluent or bulk material, which material has plasticity as a property, into a self-sustaining article or preform of desired shape or reshapes or resizes a plastic or "green" preform or product. 2. Apparatus for shaping of molten materials including metal, but excluding glass, where no molding surface is employed. 3. Apparatus for treating a product made by the apparatus of this class. 4. Apparatus for randomly depositing and particulate material.

Subclass 388: Vacuum or suction means
Subclass 504: Vacuum or suction

Class 850: Scanning-probe techniques or apparatus; applications of scanning-probe techniques, e.g., scanning probe microscopy [spm]

This class covers Scanning probes, i.e., devices having at least a tip of nanometre sized dimensions that scans or moves over an object surface, typically at a distance of a few angstroms or nanometres, monitoring some interaction between the tip and the surface, e.g., monitoring the generation of a tunnelling current and techniques or apparatus involving the use of scanning probes. The following subjects are therefore covered, the list being non-exhaustive: scanning probes, per se, their manufacture or their related instrumentation, e.g., holders; scanning probe microscopy (SPM) or microscopes, i.e., the application of scanning probes to the investigation or analysis of a surface structure in atomic ranges; applications, other than SPM, involving the use of scanning probes.

Subclass 4: Circuits or algorithms therefor(EPO)

Class 204: Chemistry: Electrical And Wave Energy

This class includes, where not provided for elsewhere: A. Processes (1) involving the use of electrolysis (as provided for in Class 205); (2) of preparing or purifying compounds or elements involving chemical reaction brought about by electrical or wave energy in a magnetic field; (3) of treating materials involving chemical reaction brought about by wave energy; (4) of preparing or purifying compounds or elements involving chemical reaction brought about by an electrostatic field or electrical discharge; (5) involving the use of electrophoresis or electro-osmosis; (6) of treating a liquid (a) to separate or purify the liquid using electric and magnetic fields simultaneously, (b) to separate or purify the liquid using an electric field, or (c) using a magnetic field to obtain some effect other than mere separation or purification of the liquid; (7) involving coating, forming, or etching by the use of sputtering; and (8) involving coating by the use of vacuum arc discharge.

Subclass 451: Capillary electrophoresis
Subclass 601: Capillary electrophoresis type

Class 349: Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements And Systems

Cells, elements, and systems which include molecules of a material having both liquid and crystalline properties. Included in this class are those which have a significant liquid crystal cell detail or liquid crystal response or properties, and in which the liquid crystal controls or changes the optical properties of electromagnetic radiation such as direction, phase, amplitude, frequency, or polarization state. This class also provides for nominal manufacturing methods for producing significant liquid crystal cell structure.

Subclass 191: Aligning liquid crystal with means other than alignment layer

Class 356: Optics: Measuring And Testing

Methods and apparatus (1) for analyzing light to measure or test its characteristics, such as intensity, color and polarization; (2) for determining the optical or nonoptical properties of materials or articles by noting, as by inspection, measurement, or test the effect produced by the materials or articles on light associated therewith; and (3) for measuring the dimensions of structures or the spatial relationships such as distances or angle bearings of spaced points by comparison of the respective properties (usually direction or spatial position) of the light from these points or by comparison of the properties of these lights with some scale or standard. The light analyzing includes or is for spectroscopy, interference, polarization, beam direction or pattern, focal position of a light source, shade or color, and photometers. The material or article properties determined are or involve crystal or gem examination, material strain analysis, blood analysis, optical pyrometers, egg candling, cutting blade sharpness, oil testing, document verification, flatness, lens or reflector testing, refraction testing, monitoring moving webs or fabrics, light transmission or absorption, light reflection, inspection for flaws or imperfections in materials, and thread counting. The dimensioning and spatial relationship determination includes triangulation by a light beam, contour plotting, range or height finders, motion stopping, velocity or velocity/height measuring, sighting where the optical element or reticle moves with the sighted object, particle size determination, particle light scattering, electrophoresis, angle measuring or axial alignment, mensuration or configuration comparison, alignment in a lateral direction, and fiducial instruments.

Subclass 344: BY ELECTROPHORESIS

Class 428: Stock Material Or Miscellaneous Articles

This is the residual class for: 1. Stock material in the form of a structurally defined web, sheet, rod, strand, fiber, filament, cell, flake, particle not provided elsewhere. 2. Stock material in the form of a web, sheet, mass or layer which consists of or contains a structurally defined constituent or element. 3. A nonstructural laminate defined merely in terms of the composition of one or more layers. 4. An article of manufacture or an intermediate-article not provided for elsewhere. 5. A process for applying an impregnating material to a naturally solid product such as a wood beam, a sheet of leather or a stone, or for applying a coating to a base, and which process includes no significant method step.

Subclass 1.1: LIQUID CRYSTAL OPTICAL DISPLAY HAVING LAYER OF SPECIFIED COMPOSITION
Subclass 166: Interlaminar spaces
Subclass 167: Parallel ribs and/or grooves
Subclass 172: Composite web or sheet
Subclass 188: Longitudinal or transverse tubular cavity or cell
Subclass 34: LIGHT TRANSMISSIVE SHEETS, WITH GAS SPACE THEREBETWEEN AND EDGE SEALED (E.G., DOUBLE GLAZED STORM WINDOW, ETC.)

Class 96: Gas Separation: Apparatus

Apparatus used in separation of a gas from a fluid mixture comprising (i) a gas and solid or liquid particles entrained therein, (ii) a liquid and gas entrained therein, or (iii) a plurality of gases. As a general rule for this class, there must be a relationship of apparatus parts embracing: (a) an inlet for the fluid mixture to be treated, (b) a means effective to cause separation into constituent parts, and (c) an outlet for at least one constituent separate and distinct from an outlet for another constituent, which may be for removal of the separating media itself, or a single outlet used at different times to remove the separated constituents. The gas separation apparatus for this class does not include means in which the separation is caused by a chemical reaction.

Subclass 102: With control means responsive to sensed condition
Subclass 104: Plural separate and distinct stages
Subclass 105: Including injection system or inlet fluid distributor

Class 374: Thermal Measuring And Testing

(1) a characteristic or condition of an object or system utilizing heating or cooling as a significant part of the test and not provided for in other classes, or (2) a thermal quantity or condition. This class also includes circuitry and devices with structure unique to a thermal measurement or test.

Subclass 43: DETERMINATION OF INHERENT THERMAL PROPERTY (E.G., HEAT FLOW COEFFICIENT)
Subclass 44: Thermal conductivity