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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 301: Card insertion
Subclass 305: Bus interface architecture

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 220: Specific conduction means or dissipator
Subclass 697: With heat sink or cooling fins
Subclass 704: Thermal conduction
Subclass 710: Details
Subclass 717: For active solid state devices
Subclass 718: For integrated circuit
Subclass 719: Circuit board mounted
Subclass 720: For printed circuit board
Subclass 729: Plural
Subclass 732: Having lock or interlock
Subclass 733: Selective connections
Subclass 785: With separable connector or socket means
Subclass 788: Having backplane connection
Subclass 798: With ejector or extractor
Subclass 801: Specific latching or retaining device
Subclass 818: EMI

Class 714: Error Detection/Correction And Fault Detection/Recovery

This class provides for process or apparatus for detecting and correcting errors in electrical pulse or pulse coded data; it also provides for process or apparatus for detecting and recovering from faults in electrical computers and digital data processing systems, as well as logic level based systems.

Subclass 14: Of power supply
Subclass 28: Substituted emulative component (e.g., emulator microprocessor)
Subclass 34: Halt, clock, or interrupt signal (e.g., freezing, hardware breakpoint, single-stepping)
Subclass 724: Digital logic testing
Subclass 738: Including test pattern generator

Class 235: Registers

Machines employed for ascertaining the number of movements of various devices or machines; also, indicating devices where the purpose is to disclose the numerical extent or quantity of movement of a machine and where the device is separate and independent of the machine whose movements are to be noted; also organized machines, such as, cash-registers, fare-registers, voting machines and calculators having registering or counting devices as essential or important elements and having in addition certain other features necessary to make up the complete machines for the purposes desired.

Subclass 451: Capacitive
Subclass 462.14: Stationary bar code reader
Subclass 462.25: Reader processing circuitry
Subclass 492: Conductive

Class 270: Sheet-Material Associating

Method or apparatus for bringing in a logical array, a plurality of sheets, or webs of a flexible material in accordance with recognizable indicia thereon or other characteristics distinguishing one sheet or web from another.

Subclass 37: Stapling or stitching
Subclass 52.17: Cutting
Subclass 52.26: Saddle associating

Class 412: Bookbinding: Process And Apparatus

Processes and apparatuses for the manufacture of a book, its associated elements, including the assembly of any or all its elements to each other or to the book.

Subclass 16: With cutter
Subclass 33: Edge binding apparatus

Class 493: Manufacturing Container Or Tube From Paper; Or Other Manufacturing From A Sheet Or Web

Process or apparatus for forming an article of commerce, which article is a receptacle intended to encompass and hold contents from fibrous cellulose previously matted together in thin, planar form, commonly called paper, or from material that is similarly handled or deformed, without substantial thinning flow thereof, or for forming a hollow cylinder from fibrous cellulose previously matted together in thin, planar form, or from material that is similarly handled or deformed. Process or apparatus for forming generally planar or curvilinear, relatively thin, laterally limited material that is either longitudinally limited or unlimited (such material hereafter is called a sheet or web workpiece) into an article of commerce or into stock material in either of the following operations: (1) Assembling or Disassembling. (2) Bending (3) Flexing (4) Surface treatment. Additionally, this class is the residual home for a process or apparatus for making a cigarette filter.

Subclass 405: Folding
Subclass 434: Folding by roller
Subclass 442: Folding by roller

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 242: Display device
Subclass 276: Amplitude modulation
Subclass 290: By changing physical characteristics (e.g., shape, size or contours) of an optical element
Subclass 291: Shape or contour of light control surface altered
Subclass 292: Light control surface forms image on projected light beam
Subclass 315: Electro-optic
Subclass 316: Plural modulation cells
Subclass 318: By reflection
Subclass 321: Having particular chemical composition or structure
Subclass 461: Roll up screen
Subclass 853: Light concentrating (e.g., heliostat, etc.), concave, or paraboloidal structure
Subclass 871: With support
Subclass 872: Mirror movable relative to support
Subclass 873: With rotary to linear motion converting mirror adjustment
Subclass 881: With mirror supporting column or sliding adjustment
Subclass 889: Movable in or out of optical path

Class 16: Miscellaneous Hardware

Specific articles of hardware not otherwise classified. It comprises such articles as carpet-fasteners, door-hangers, sash-cord fasteners, sash-weights, hinges, door checks and closures, sash-balances, furniture-casters, etc.

Subclass 422: Detachable handle

Class 312: Supports: Cabinet Structure

Receptacles or enclosures, combined with article supporting means such as drawers, racks, shelves, etc., fixed or movable partly or wholly out of the enclosure to make the article supported more readily accessible, and enclosures combined with any nonreceptacle feature.

Subclass 223.2: Housing for computer or computer related equipment
Subclass 351.9: Pivotally connected to cabinet housing

Class 252: Compositions

(A) Compositions of matter, having or not having structure, physical form or heterogeneous arrangement of components and for which there is no provision elsewhere. (B) Packages of such compositions, or other articles which include such compositions for which there is no provision elsewhere. (C) Processes of making, or peculiar to making, such compositions and for which there is no provision elsewhere. (D) Apparatus for use in or peculiar to such processes and for which there is no provision elsewhere.

Subclass 510: With organic component
Subclass 519.3: With organic compound
Subclass 299.61: Including heterocyclic ring
Subclass 299.62: Including fused or bridged rings
Subclass 589: Organic material

Class 385: Optical Waveguides

(1) An optical waveguiding element, which conveys light from one point to another through an optically transparent elongated structure by modal transmission, total internal reflection, or total reflectorization. (2) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with an additional broadly recited optical element which couples light or a combination. (3) A combination of an optical waveguiding element with structure which mechanically joins this waveguiding element with another or with a diverse optical element. (4) An optical modulator where the modulation of a light wave characteristic is performed exclusively within an optical waveguiding element. (5) Other miscellaneous devices formed of an optical waveguide (e.g., a waveguide sensing device) and supplemental devices which are limited to use with an optical waveguide (e.g., an external clamp or retainer).

Subclass 17: Matrix switch (i.e., M X N, where M and N are 3 or more)
Subclass 18: Reflective-type switch
Subclass 2: Electro-optic
Subclass 8: Electro-optic

Class 428: Stock Material Or Miscellaneous Articles

This is the residual class for: 1. Stock material in the form of a structurally defined web, sheet, rod, strand, fiber, filament, cell, flake, particle not provided elsewhere. 2. Stock material in the form of a web, sheet, mass or layer which consists of or contains a structurally defined constituent or element. 3. A nonstructural laminate defined merely in terms of the composition of one or more layers. 4. An article of manufacture or an intermediate-article not provided for elsewhere. 5. A process for applying an impregnating material to a naturally solid product such as a wood beam, a sheet of leather or a stone, or for applying a coating to a base, and which process includes no significant method step.

Subclass 690: Fluroescent, phosphorescent, or luminescent layer

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 10: Low workfunction layer for electron emission (e.g., photocathode electron emissive layer)
Subclass 11: Combined with a heterojunction involving a III-V compound
Subclass 25: Employing resonant tunneling
Subclass 37: At least one electrode layer of semiconductor material
Subclass 698: With specific electrical feedthrough structure
Subclass 699: Housing entirely of metal except for feedthrough structure
Subclass 707: Directly attached to semiconductor device
Subclass 712: With provision for cooling the housing or its contents
Subclass 713: For integrated circuit
Subclass 714: Liquid coolant
Subclass 717: Isolation of cooling means (e.g., heat sink) by an electrically insulating element (e.g., spacer)
Subclass 718: Heat dissipating element held in place by clamping or spring means
Subclass 722: With fins
Subclass 787: ENCAPSULATED
Subclass E23.09: Auxiliary members in containers characterized by their shape, e.g., pistons (EPO)
Subclass E23.099: By flowing gases, e.g., air (EPO)
Subclass E23.101: Selection of materials, or shaping, to facilitate cooling or heating, e.g., heat sinks (EPO)
Subclass E23.102: Cooling facilitated by shape of device (EPO)
Subclass E23.104: Characterized by shape of housing (EPO)
Subclass E23.139: Liquid at normal operating temperature of device (EPO)

Class 717: Data Processing: Software Development, Installation, And Management

This class provides for software program development tool and techniques including processes and apparatus for controlling data processing operations pertaining to the development, maintenance, and installation of software programs. Such processes and apparatus include: processes and apparatus for program development functions such as specification, design, generation, and version management of source code programs; processes and apparatus for debugging of computer program including monitoring, simulation, emulation, and profiling of software programs; processes and apparatus for translating or compiling programs from a high-level representation to an intermediate code representation and finally into an object or machine code representation, including linking, and optimizing the program for subsequent execution; processes and apparatus for updating, installing, and version management of developed code.

Subclass 135: Including simulation
Subclass 175: Including multiple files

Class 248: Supports

Devices which carry the weight of an article or articles or otherwise hold or steady it or them against the pull of gravity, and devices for holding an article to its support, which are not otherwise provided for.

Subclass 677: Foot or leg
Subclass 535: Having selective mounting or receiving means
Subclass 73: Interlocked bracket and support
Subclass 188.1: Understructure

Class 400: Typewriting Machines

This is the generic class for an apparatus wherein a user of the apparatus causes an intelligible character* to be imprinted on a record-medium* by a type-member* that is impressed on the record-medium, said type-member being selected from a plurality of different type-members, and the selected type-members being impressed serially to form a sequence of characters that record intelligible information.


Class 704: Data Processing:Speech Signal Processing, Linguistics, Language Translation, And Audio Compression/Decompression

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for constructing, analyzing, and modifying units of human language by data processing, in which there is a significant change in the data.This class also provides for systems or methods that process speech signals for storage, transmission, recognition, or synthesis of speech; and for systems or methods for bandwidth compression or expansion of an audio signal, or for time compression or expansion of an audio signal. There are three main divisions: linguistics; speech signal processing; and audio compression.

Subclass 275: Speech controlled system
Subclass E15.045: Systems using speech recognizers (EPO)

Class 707: Data Processing:Database And File Management Or Data Structures

This is the generic class for data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the retrieval of data stored in a database or as computer files. It provides for data processing means or steps for generic data, file and directory upkeeping, file naming, and file and database maintenance including integrity consideration, recovery, and versioning. There are three main divisions: 1. database and file accessing; 2. database schema and data structure; 3. file and database maintenance.

Subclass 3: Query processing (i.e., searching)
Subclass 4: Query formulation, input preparation, or translation
Subclass 10: Distributed or remote access
Subclass 104.1: Application of database or data structure (e.g., distributed, multimedia, image)
Subclass 201: Coherency (e.g., same view to multiple users)
Subclass E17.012: Trees (EPO)

Class 353: Optics: Image Projectors

Projectors for particular types of objects to be projected; such as maps and aerial photographs, targets, transparent plates, information data, microscopic objects, scales and indicators, and stencils or perforated plates. Various other species and types of projectors are also included here such as kaleidoscopic, heliostats, stereoscopic and relief, pointers, gun type, moving images on screens, episcopes and cabinets including screens. Various plural and composite types of projectors are included such as projectors involving plural projected images including multicolor, projectors for images combined with real objects, projectors with manual delineation, and plural projection with a single light source. Projectors selective at the operators choice are also included as where the selection is between a slide and a film strip, between a cabinet and a distant screen, and between opaque and transparency projection.

Subclass 101: Lens position adjustable
Subclass 121: METHODS
Subclass 31: Multicolor picture
Subclass 37: Reflector between lamp and screen
Subclass 70: For projection axis inclined to screen
Subclass 84: COLOR FILTER
Subclass 85: LAMP CONTROL
Subclass 87: Lamp position adjustable
Subclass 94: PLURAL
Subclass 99: Plural

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 107: Particle suspensions (e.g., electrophoretic)
Subclass 108: Plural mechanically movable display elements
Subclass 207: Light detection means (e.g., with photodetector)
Subclass 596: Dither or halftone
Subclass 599: Spatial
Subclass 613: Subpixel processing
Subclass 690: Intensity or color driving control (e.g., gray scale)
Subclass 693: Non-binary weighted
Subclass 694: Spatial processing (e.g., patterns or subpixel configuration)
Subclass 87: Liquid crystal display elements (LCD)
Subclass 88: Color
Subclass 89: Gray scale capability (e.g., halftone)

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 207.1: Camera connected to computer
Subclass 742: Color sequential
Subclass 743: With moving color filters
Subclass 745: With alignment, registration or focus
Subclass 747: Raster size or position compensation
Subclass 750: Plural parallel light modulators
Subclass 751: Liquid crystal
Subclass 756: With optical element
Subclass E17.005: For receivers (EPO)
Subclass E9.026: Using laser beams scanning the display screen (EPO)
Subclass E9.027: Using light modulating optical valves (EPO)
Subclass E5.137: Projection arrangements for image reproduction, e.g., using eidophor (EPO)
Subclass E5.139: Involving the use of a spatial light modulator, e.g., a light valve, controlled by a video signal (EPO)

Class 349: Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements And Systems

Cells, elements, and systems which include molecules of a material having both liquid and crystalline properties. Included in this class are those which have a significant liquid crystal cell detail or liquid crystal response or properties, and in which the liquid crystal controls or changes the optical properties of electromagnetic radiation such as direction, phase, amplitude, frequency, or polarization state. This class also provides for nominal manufacturing methods for producing significant liquid crystal cell structure.

Subclass 5: Projector including liquid crystal cell (s)

Class 341: Coded Data Generation Or Conversion

1) originating or emitting a coded set of discrete signals or 2) translating one code into another code wherein the information signal content remains the same but the formats may differ. For classification herein, at least one of the codes must be a set of pulses or digits and electrical in nature.

Subclass 22: Including keyboard or keypad
Subclass 34: Pressure sensitive actuation

Class 178: Telegraphy

Means for transmitting to a distance messages, unlimited with respect to the extent of information they are adapted to convey, and the transmission and facsimile reproduction of written, printed, or otherwise produced characters, marks, pictures, etc., unlimited with respect to form or outline, by the utilization of conductive or inductive electrical current impulses or reversals, the elements of the messages being selected or composed at will, according to a prearranged code, or the transmitter being actuated or controlled by a previously designed pattern.

Subclass 110: Finger buttons

Class 200: Electricity: Circuit Makers And Breakers

Combinations of circuit makers and breakers with electrical plugs, sockets, or other connectors are in this class. This class includes devices known as "controllers", "circuit-closers", "switches", "circuit-breakers", "interrupters", "distributers", "thermal-cut-offs", "fuses", and "electrical thermostats".

Subclass 211: Pressure-deformable (flexible) means

Class 358: Facsimile And Static Presentation Processing

Communication or reproduction of a static image or sequence of static images in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time by a method or apparatus involving at least one of the following steps: (1) scanning a static image to capture an image-containing area by resolving it into an area; (2) communication of an image-representative signal or image-representative data over any supporting communication network; or (3) reproduction of an image-containing area in response to an image-representative signal or image-representative image data by reproducing a corresponding image area which at least one of the two dimensions is elemental, simultaneously or in a sequence. In this class, a facsimile system or method is a system or method for the communication or reproduction of an arbitrarily composed image in which the local light, or density variations composing the image do not vary with time, such as documents maps, charts, photographs, etc., but not motion picture film or video.

Subclass 1.12: Detail of medium positioning (e.g., movement to or from presentation location of medium, etc.)
Subclass 1.15: Communication
Subclass 1.16: Memory
Subclass 1.18: Detail of image placement or content
Subclass 1.3: Plotter
Subclass 296: Recording apparatus
Subclass 442: Facsimile system interface
Subclass 461: Shade correction
Subclass 462: Text and image detection and processing
Subclass 474: Scanning
Subclass 475: Facsimile illumination control
Subclass 487: Facsimile transparency image scanning
Subclass 494: Linear scanning pattern
Subclass 496: Document moves during scanning
Subclass 497: Scanning element moves relative to a flat stationary document
Subclass 498: Document feed

Class 327: Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, And Systems

This is the residual class for electrical devices, circuits or systems having an output not directly proportional to its input and comprising at least one component which can provide gain or can route electrical current and which device, circuit or system does not form a complete system such as is classified specifically elsewhere or a subcombination of utility only in such elsewhere classified system.

Subclass 153: With delay means
Subclass 161: With delay means

Class 715: Data Processing: Presentation Processing Of Document

This class provides for data processing means or steps wherein a) human perceptible elements of electronic information (i.e., text or graphics) are gathered, associated, created, formatted, edited, prepared, or otherwise processed in forming a unified collection of such information storable as a distinct entity, b) a users interaction with a computer system is used to control the presentation of display data; such interaction is interpreted and used by a data processor or computer architecture wherein system level elements of computation or data processing techniques are used prior to use with or in a specific display system, or c) a small program takes over a display screen if there are no keystrokes or mouse movements for a specified duration.

Class 337: Electricity: Electrothermally Or Thermally Actuated Switches

Electric current switching devices of general application for closing or opening electrical circuits were devices depend upon the heating effect of a current or of the ambient temperature of the surrounding medium for their operation.


Class 165: Heat Exchange

Apparatus or process not provided for in other classes for transferring heat, or apparatus or process not provided for in other classes relating to an auxiliary device particularly adapted to be used with such heat transfer apparatus.

Subclass 121: Mechanical gas pump
Subclass 80.3: Air cooled, including fins

Class 174: Electricity: Conductors And Insulators

This class is for inventions relating to the structure of electrical conductors and insulators and insulators and the apparatus specialized to mounting, supporting, encasing in conduits, and/or housing the same. Conductors may be bare or be encased in insulation, may be single strand or plural strand, may be of single conductor form or there may be a plurality of conductors associated together to form a cable. Since all materials that have the property of being conductors of electricity and all devices made therefrom may be termed electrical conductors, only those structures that are specially designed to conduct electricity as their proximate purpose are placed in this class. Insulators are placed here when the structure thereof is claimed, which structure is specially designed for spacing two or more devices of different electrical potential from each other or for spacing one or more devices from ground. Since all materials which are poor conductors of electricity and devices made therefrom may be termed electrical insulators, only those structures whose proximate purpose is that already stated. Conduits are placed in this class only when some characteristic is claimed which limits the same to the electrical use.

Subclass 16.3: With heat sink
Subclass 383: Vents

Class 362: Illumination

Means and processes for casting visible radiant energy in at least one direction to render objects in that direction visible.

Subclass 231: Different wavelengths
Subclass 282: Angularly adjustable or respositionable
Subclass 287: Angularly adjustable or repositionable
Subclass 298: Opposed
Subclass 301: With or including planar reflecting surface
Subclass 560: With reflective surface (e.g., mirror)

Class 326: Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry

This is the generic class for electronic digital logic devices, circuitry and subcombinations thereof, wherein non-arithmetical operations are performed upon discrete electrical signals representing a value normally described by numerical digits.

Subclass 26: Output switching noise reduction
Subclass 30: Bus or line termination (e.g., clamping, impedance matching, etc.)
Subclass 82: Current driving (e.g., fan in/out, off chip driving, etc.)
Subclass 90: Bus driving

Class G9B/33.035:

Class G9B/33.049:

Class 324: Electricity: Measuring And Testing

This is the residual home for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to the measuring, testing (or sensing) of electric properties, (e.g., determining ground resistivity, determining frequency of an alternating current, determining kilowatt hour demand), or the measuring, testing or sensing of nonelectric properties by electric means (e.g., determining moisture, a nonelectric property, by measuring conductance with a resistance bridge; determining speed, a nonelectric property by use of an electric tachometer).

Subclass 713: With voltage or current signal evaluation

Class 703: Data Processing:Structural Design, Modeling, Simulation, And Emulation

This class provides for electrical data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the following processes or apparatus: 1. for sketching or outlining of layout of a physical object or part. 2. for representing a physical process or system by mathematical expression. 3. for modeling a physical system which includes devices for performing arithmetic and some limited logic operation upon an electrical signal, such as current or voltage, which is a continuously varying representation of physical quantity. 4. for modeling to reproduce a nonelectrical device or system to predict its performance or to obtain a desired performance. 5. for modeling and reproducing an electronic device or electrical system to predict its performance or to obtain a desired performance. 6. that allows the data processing system to interpret and execute programs written for another kind of data processing system.

Subclass 14: Circuit simulation
Subclass 16: Event-driven
Subclass 17: Event-driven
Subclass 18: Power system

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 165: Pattern recognition or classification using color
Subclass 224: Classification
Subclass 299: Raising or lowering the image resolution (e.g., subpixel accuracy)
Subclass 312: IMAGE SENSING
Subclass 313: Hand-held

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.

Subclass 157: Integral retainer and cam separator
Subclass 298: Including resilient latching retaining means
Subclass 328: Fingerlike grasping means comprising portion of coupling part
Subclass 352: With additional means to cause or prevent unlatching
Subclass 377: For guiding side of movable panel, e.g., circuit board
Subclass 64: With guide for directing panel circuit movement
Subclass 701: Having modular or multipart insulating body

Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.

Subclass 127: Encapsulating

Class 706: Data Processing:Artificial Intelligence

This is a generic class for artificial intelligence type computers and digital data processing systems and corresponding data processing methods and products for emulation of intelligence (i.e., knowledge based systems, reasoning systems, and knowledge acquisition systems); and including systems for reasoning with uncertainty (e.g., fuzzy logic systems), adaptive systems, machine learning systems, and artificial neural networks.


Class 313: Electric Lamp And Discharge Devices

This is the generic class for electric lamp and electric space discharge device structure. Examples of such devices are electric incandescent lamps, gas or vapor filled electric discharge tubes, including lamps, mercury arc devices, vacuum discharge tubes, radio tubes, cyclotrons, cathode-ray tubes, photosensitive discharge devices, secondary emission electron multipliers, spark plugs, and open air arc and spark devices.

Subclass 498: Solid-state type
Subclass 499: Semiconductor depletion layer type
Subclass 594: Start electrode exterior to envelope
Subclass 623: Having electrode lead-in or electrode support sealed to envelope
Subclass 624: End cap seal
Subclass 625: End plug seal
Subclass 308: Discharge control electrode
Subclass 336: Point source cathodes

Class 445: Electric Lamp Or Space Discharge Component Or Device Manufacturing

This is the residual and generic class of process and apparatus for the manufacturing, fabrication, repair, salvage, assembly, disassembly or other treatment of an electric lamp, liquid crystal display device or an electric space discharge device which process or apparatus is not elsewhere classified.

Subclass 50: Emissive type

Class 123: Internal-Combustion Engines

Inventions relating to prime movers or engines in which a combustible material is burned within an inc losed space or chamber and the heat energy thus developed converted into work by permitting the resulting products of combustion to act upon and through mechanical powers, the engine in question including suitable mechanism whereby the functions above enumerated are continually and automatically carried out, and such engine being designed to communicate power to some machine or device exterior to itself. This class also includes separate parts of engines coming within the above definition and also subordinate elements designed for use with such engines, and incapable of use in the manner contemplated with other devices or in other relations.

Subclass 304: Injecting diverse fuels or different states of same fuel

Class 716: Data Processing: Design And Analysis Of Circuit Or Semiconductor Mask

This class provides for electrical data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the following subject matter: for sketching, designing, and analyzing circuit components; for planning, designing, analyzing, and devising a template used for etching circuit pattern on semiconductor wafers.

Subclass 11: Layout editor (e.g., updating)
Subclass 4: Testing or evaluating
Subclass 5: Design verification (e.g., wiring line capacitance, fan-out checking, minimum path width)
Subclass 6: Timing analysis (e.g., delay time, path delay, latch timing)

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 638: Fuse or circuit breaker
Subclass 641: Signalling light element
Subclass 643: Thermal or magnetic current sensors

Class 83: Cutting

Methods and machines for penetrating material, without substantial reshaping flow of such material, by means of (1) a solid tool, or fluid current, either of which applies mechanical deforming force to the material by direct physical contact therewith, the fluid current forcing the material against a solid tool whose edge defines the line of cut; (2) a heated solid tool which directly engages the material (to effect penetration thereof by melting, or by transmission of mechanical energy, or both); or (3) opposed, controlled fluid currents.

Subclass 405: Punch or die station

Class 250: Radiant Energy

This class provides for all methods and apparatus for using, generating, controlling or detecting radiant energy, combinations including such methods or apparatus, subcombinations of same and accessories therefore not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 559.05: With imaging

Class 343: Communications: Radio Wave Antennas

Antennas for the transmission of radio wave energy through the natural media - air, earth, water, etc. for point-to-point communication or for the reception of such transmitted radio wave energy. Aparatus and systems which constitute part of an antenna transmission or reception.

Subclass 702: With radio cabinet
Subclass 815: With parasitic element (e.g., reflector or director)
Subclass 834: Antenna with parasitic reflector

Class 347: Incremental Printing Of Symbolic Information

Processes and apparatus for conveying information by selectively creating on a medium a visibly distinguishable symbol or mark composed of a plurality of portions; created portion by portion as, for example, by pixels or dots. The symbol or mark may be an alphanumeric character or an image.

Subclass 85: Fluid supply system

Class 713: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Support

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes or apparatus for: 1. establishing original operating parameters or data for a computer or digital data processing system, such as, allocating extended or expanded memory, specifying device drivers, paths, files, buffers, disk management, etc.; 2. for changing system settings or operational modes in a computer or digital data processing system after they have been set; 3. for increasing a systemís extension of protection of system hardware,software, or data frm maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure; 4. for modifying or responding to the available power to a computer or digital data processing system or programmable calculator; 5. for synchronization of two or more processors; 6. wherein a clock or timing signals, timing pulses, or data associated with the control or regulation of any one or combination of processing components, memory components, and peripheral components are caused to operate in synchronization; 7. for generation, division, or distribution of clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals in a computer or digital data processing system from one or more sources into groups of continuous and successive time increments, and including event timing and counting, and the correction of the clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals; 8. wherein there is a significant temporal, incremental or sequencing control provided to one or more computers, digital data processing systems, processors, memory, or peripherals, or to data transmission between these systems or components.

Subclass 330: Power sequencing