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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 157: Cursor mark position control device
Subclass 158: Including orientation sensors (e.g., infrared, ultrasonic, remotely controlled)
Subclass 534: Memory access timing signals

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass 32: PSEUDO COLOR
Subclass E9.027: Using light modulating optical valves (EPO)
Subclass E7.073: Handling of requests in head-ends (EPO)

Class 717: Data Processing: Software Development, Installation, And Management

This class provides for software program development tool and techniques including processes and apparatus for controlling data processing operations pertaining to the development, maintenance, and installation of software programs. Such processes and apparatus include: processes and apparatus for program development functions such as specification, design, generation, and version management of source code programs; processes and apparatus for debugging of computer program including monitoring, simulation, emulation, and profiling of software programs; processes and apparatus for translating or compiling programs from a high-level representation to an intermediate code representation and finally into an object or machine code representation, including linking, and optimizing the program for subsequent execution; processes and apparatus for updating, installing, and version management of developed code.

Subclass 131: Including analysis of program execution
Subclass 152: Static (source or intermediate level)

Class 714: Error Detection/Correction And Fault Detection/Recovery

This class provides for process or apparatus for detecting and correcting errors in electrical pulse or pulse coded data; it also provides for process or apparatus for detecting and recovering from faults in electrical computers and digital data processing systems, as well as logic level based systems.

Subclass 38: Of computer software
Subclass 46: Operator interface for diagnosing or testing
Subclass 712: Transmission facility testing
Subclass 716: Loop-back
Subclass 719: Read-in with read-out and compare
Subclass 724: Digital logic testing
Subclass 758: Error correcting code with additional error detection code (e.g., cyclic redundancy character, parity)
Subclass 763: Memory access

Class 398: Optical Communications

This class provides for all types of communication systems in which optical signals are used to transmit modulated carrier wave information between points. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence-bearing signal from one point to another in the form of variations in a characteristic of the light wave. The communication may be through free space, fibers or waveguides. These are used to transfer the information with an optical beam, and this beam can be used in various communication schemes to enable the most effective or desired method of moving the information, including optical multiplexing when plural information signals or plural transmitters and receivers are utilized.

Subclass 128: Transceivers
Subclass 129: Including alignment
Subclass 136: Including compensation

Class 235: Registers

Machines employed for ascertaining the number of movements of various devices or machines; also, indicating devices where the purpose is to disclose the numerical extent or quantity of movement of a machine and where the device is separate and independent of the machine whose movements are to be noted; also organized machines, such as, cash-registers, fare-registers, voting machines and calculators having registering or counting devices as essential or important elements and having in addition certain other features necessary to make up the complete machines for the purposes desired.

Subclass 462.15: Programming or computer interface feature

Class 250: Radiant Energy

This class provides for all methods and apparatus for using, generating, controlling or detecting radiant energy, combinations including such methods or apparatus, subcombinations of same and accessories therefore not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 555: Including coded record
Subclass 226: Color (e.g., filter or spectroscope)

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 589: Selective wavelength transmission or reflection
Subclass 629: By partial reflection at beam splitting or combining surface
Subclass 637: With path length or aberration correcting element
Subclass 638: With partial reflection at a surface of a prism
Subclass 823: With axial adjustment (e.g., adjustable focus, etc.)

Class 341: Coded Data Generation Or Conversion

1) originating or emitting a coded set of discrete signals or 2) translating one code into another code wherein the information signal content remains the same but the formats may differ. For classification herein, at least one of the codes must be a set of pulses or digits and electrical in nature.

Subclass 106: Coding by table look-up techniques
Subclass 51: Adaptive coding
Subclass 67: To or from variable length codes
Subclass 69: Return-to-zero to or from NRZ (nonreturn-to-zero) codes

Class 706: Data Processing:Artificial Intelligence

This is a generic class for artificial intelligence type computers and digital data processing systems and corresponding data processing methods and products for emulation of intelligence (i.e., knowledge based systems, reasoning systems, and knowledge acquisition systems); and including systems for reasoning with uncertainty (e.g., fuzzy logic systems), adaptive systems, machine learning systems, and artificial neural networks.

Subclass 48: Having specific pattern matching or control technique

Class 711: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Memory

This class provides, within an electrical computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes and apparatus 1. for addressing memory wherein the processes and apparatus involve significant address manipulating (e.g., combining, translating, or mapping and other techniques for formatting and modifying address data) and are combined with specific memory configurations or memory systems; 2. for accessing and controlling memory (e.g., transferring and modifying address data, selecting storage devices, scheduling access); and 3. for forming memory addresses (e.g., virtual memory addressing, address translating, translation-lookaside buffers (TLBs), boundary checking, and page mode).

Subclass 115: Detachable memory
Subclass 122: Hierarchical caches
Subclass 170: Memory configuring

Class 709: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for transferring data or instruction information between a plurality of computers wherein the computers employ the data or instructions before or after transferring and the employing affects said transfer of data or instruction information. The class includes - process or apparatus for transferring data among a plurality of spatially distributed (i.e., situated, at plural locations) computers or digital data processing systems via one or more communications media (e.g., computer networks).

Subclass 250: Random number generation

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.

Subclass 347: Laterally moving slide
Subclass 373: Wall or outlet mounted

Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 3: Input/Output addressing
Subclass 5: Input/Output command process
Subclass 18: Activity monitoring
Subclass 28: With access regulating
Subclass 36: Input/Output access regulation
Subclass 49: Masking
Subclass 54: Queue content modification
Subclass 107: Bus access regulation
Subclass 119: Decentralized bus arbitration
Subclass 311: Intelligent bridge
Subclass 242: Decentralized arbitrating

Class 399: Electrophotography

Electrophotographically reproducing an original by the action of light directly from the original to a photoconductive member whose electrical conductivity, electrical charge, magnetic condition, or electrical emissivity of a photoconductive medium is selectively altered by the action of light to produce an electrostatic latent image which persists after imaging based upon differences in such electrical property. The latent image is made visible by development; and the developed image may be made permanent by transfer and fixing, or fixing.

Subclass 119: Developing unit
Subclass 262: Cartridge

Class 141: Fluent Material Handling, With Receiver Or Receiver Coacting Means

Transfer of fluent material, gaseous, liquid or flowable granular solids, through a flow confining system, the source and terminal or receiver parts of which are normally separable. Each part therefore must comprise an entity capable of use independent of the other, and together the parts provide a flow path from a source or dispenser to a terminal part or receiver, thereby comprising a filling system. This class takes a mere dispenser-receiver combination where separability is claimed or is inherent, and also takes means to deliver material to a receiver when there is claimed some system characteristic which peculiarly relates the receiver to the dispenser to define a coaction of one with the other to complete the dispenser-receiver relationship. Includes processes of varying gaseous conditions in a vessel or container. The scope of this class does not include method and apparatus for handling fluent material except in a manner characteristic of fluid flow.

Subclass 319: Manually coupled and inverted
Subclass 375: With support for removable supply container

Class 222: Dispensing

Processes and apparatus for dispensing material, and takes all such subject matter that must be classified on such basis. This class is not limited as to the character of the materials dispensed which may be in any physical state, i.e., it may be in a gas, vapor, liquid, viscous, paste-like or solid state and if in a self sustaining state may have any form or shape.

Class 109: Safes, Bank Protection, Or A Related Device

(1) Safes: All buildings and receptacles which have combined therewith (a) means in addition to their structure and/or (b) means built into their structure, for repelling or protecting their contents (including living beings) from explosion, penetration of missiles, other attacks by force or stealth (including burglary or larceny), fire, or for any other protective, or safe-guarding purpose not elsewhere provided for. (2) Bank protection devices: Banks, stores, or other related institutions, having means to protect or defend them and their personnel against a burglary or robbery attack. (3) Related devices: All devices not elsewhere classified for preventing physical objects (including living beings) from being harmed by violence of any kind, or from getting into unauthorized possession of any person.

Subclass 19: With deal trays
Subclass 21: With alarm, signal or indicator
Subclass 38: With alarm, signal or indicator
Subclass 59T: For rotatable closure
Subclass 66: Deposit type
Subclass 73: Sliding, rotary or oscillating movement

Class 221: Article Dispensing

Article dispensing in a broad sense is that type of material handling which deals with certain types of methods of structures which allow or cause permissive or compulsive separation or a discrete article or articles from a source of supply of such articles which includes more articles than the number removed in any one operation. There must always be a supply container or other source means for providing a plurality of articles to be handled, and the article or articles must be handled by mechanism or be subject to manual handling, as a discrete solid entity, as distinguished from a fluent mass. The source means must be one in which there is an accumulation of articles and may be a skeletal chute structure or a mere support for a stack of articles.

Subclass 195: By discharge assistant

Class 49: Movable Or Removable Closures

The residual class of closures, which are movable or removable, and of ancillary devices not elsewhere classifiable.

Subclass 28: Closure drive stopping or reversal

Class 902: Electronic Funds Transfer

This cross-reference art collection provides for disclosures of "systems", "components" of systems, or "peripherals" to systems designed to facilitate the exchange of monetary value via electronic means.

Subclass 14: With cash dispenser
Subclass 31: Selectively prevents access to terminal*

Class 454: Ventilation

This is the parent class for apparatus and processes for supplying air to and removing it from enclosures, for distributing and circulating the air therein, or for preventing its contamination.


Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 695: Fan or blower
Subclass 796: With housing or chassis
Subclass 802: Specific alignment or guide means
Subclass 818: EMI

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 825.49: Location indication
Subclass 10.1: Interrogation response

Class 242: Winding, Tensioning, Or Guiding

A process or apparatus for progressively winding elongated flexible material more than 360 about an axis of a take-up of restricted length, as in: Unwinding and rewinding an information-bearing carrier associated with a nominal work station such as that found in a magnetic recorder/player, film projector, or camera; Forming an indefinite length of running material in loops to form a bundle of coils solely by wrapping or winding the material about a form; Unidirectional winding and unwinding; Reeling; Winding by use of machine or implement. A storage coil formed exclusively by such a winding process or apparatus. A process or apparatus limited to unwinding material from a storage coil. A process or apparatus for tensioning. A process or apparatus for guiding; or a subcombination peculiar to winding, unwinding, tensioning, or guiding, such as a spool, spindle, mandrel, or dispenser.

Subclass 338.4: Cartridge positioner
Subclass 352.4: Endless belt

Class G9B/23.016:

Class G9B/23.07:

Class 712: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Processing Architectures And Instruction Processing (E.G., Processors)

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for subject matter represented by a particular arrangement that includes at least one of the following means: 1. components of an individual complete processor, which may be formed on a single integrated circuit (IC); 2. components of a complete digital data processing system; 3. plural processors; or 4. plural digital data processing systems; wherein the particular arrangement further includes at least one of the following functions: (a) processing instruction data for specific processor architectures; (b) accessing or retrieving instruction data of a fixed or variable length from a buffer or other memory and shifting the instruction data to align it with a physical boundary of a buffer or other memory; (c) locating and retrieving instruction data for processing; (d) determining via internal hardware, firmware or software operations the meaning of operation codes, control bits, or operands of instruction data; (e) dispatching instruction data for execution (e.g., designating a register after resolving data conflicts); (f) dynamically testing instruction data and operands to assess conflicts related to data or hardware-resource availability (e.g., identifying data dependencies or utilization conflicts, attempting to resolve such dependencies or conflicts, or both); and (g) dynamically controlling the execution, processing, or sequencing of instruction data within a processor.

Subclass 43: Mode switching
Subclass 215: Simultaneous issuance of multiple instructions

Class 386: Television Signal Processing For Dynamic Recording Or Reproducing

Apparatus and corresponding processes for processing a sequence of images, in which the light variation composing the images may change with time for dynamic recording or reproducing of the sequence of images. The processing involves the following steps: (a) Receiving a sequence of images from a local (e.g., camera, etc.) or remote source (e.g. broadcasting station, satellite, cable, etc.); (b) Converting the received sequence of images into a form suitable for dynamic storage, which form may or may not be reproduced later; or (c) Converting retrieved information from a dynamic storage medium into a sequence of images.

Subclass 125: Using disc
Subclass E5.012: By pulse code modulation (EPO)

Class G9B/19.001:

Class G9B/20.028:

Class G9B/5.024:

Class 375: Pulse Or Digital Communications

This is the generic class for pulse or digital communication systems using electrical or electromagnetic signals. Such communication includes transmitting an intelligence bearing signal from one point to another in the form of discrete variations in some parameter of the electrical or electromagnetic signal.

Subclass 224: TESTING
Subclass 369: Start - stop

Class 363: Electric Power Conversion Systems

Conversion systems wherein a single electrical source circuit is coupled to a single electrical load circuit.

Subclass 50: Including automatic or integral protection means
Subclass 65: Having plural converters for single conversion

Class 307: Electrical Transmission Or Interconnection Systems

This is the residual class for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to electrical transmission or interconnection systems.

Subclass 75: Differing voltages

Class 327: Miscellaneous Active Electrical Nonlinear Devices, Circuits, And Systems

This is the residual class for electrical devices, circuits or systems having an output not directly proportional to its input and comprising at least one component which can provide gain or can route electrical current and which device, circuit or system does not form a complete system such as is classified specifically elsewhere or a subcombination of utility only in such elsewhere classified system.

Subclass 321: Clamping of output to voltage level

Class 382: Image Analysis

This is the generic class for apparatus and corresponding methods for the automated analysis of an image or recognition of a pattern. Included herein are systems that transform an image for the purpose of (a) enhancing its visual quality prior to recognition, (b) locating and registering the image relative to a sensor or stored prototype, or reducing the amount of image data by discarding irrelevant data, and (c) measuring significant characteristics of the image.

Subclass 199: Pattern boundary and edge measurements
Subclass 286: Measuring image properties (e.g., length, width, or area)

Class 715: Data Processing: Presentation Processing Of Document

This class provides for data processing means or steps wherein a) human perceptible elements of electronic information (i.e., text or graphics) are gathered, associated, created, formatted, edited, prepared, or otherwise processed in forming a unified collection of such information storable as a distinct entity, b) a users interaction with a computer system is used to control the presentation of display data; such interaction is interpreted and used by a data processor or computer architecture wherein system level elements of computation or data processing techniques are used prior to use with or in a specific display system, or c) a small program takes over a display screen if there are no keystrokes or mouse movements for a specified duration.

Subclass 774: Ticker metaphor
Subclass 850: Navigation within 3D space
Subclass 854: Navigation within structure

Class 707: Data Processing:Database And File Management Or Data Structures

This is the generic class for data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the retrieval of data stored in a database or as computer files. It provides for data processing means or steps for generic data, file and directory upkeeping, file naming, and file and database maintenance including integrity consideration, recovery, and versioning. There are three main divisions: 1. database and file accessing; 2. database schema and data structure; 3. file and database maintenance.

Subclass E17.008: Document retrieval systems (EPO)
Subclass E17.082: Presentation or visualization of query results (EPO)

Class 708: Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing And Calculating

This is the generic class for electrical apparatus and corresponding methods for performing calculation operations. There are three main divisions: 1. electrical hybrid calculating computers; 2. electrical digital calculating computers; 3. electrical analog calculating computers.

Subclass 500: Evaluation of root