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Patent Portfolio for Sale:

Power & Management Technology    

PC, Server & other electronic equipment components and system hardware.


PC, Server & other electronic equipment components and system hardware. Topics include:

1. Power supplies, heatsinks & cooling.
2. Batteries.
3. Enclosures and fittings.
4. EMF prevention.
5. Modular & docking systems & connectors.

Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 323: Electricity: Power Supply Or Regulation Systems

This is the generic class for electrical systems wherein a single electrical source is coupled to a single electrical load circuit and means are provided which control the magnitude or level of the current or voltage of either or both of said circuits and/or the phase angle between the current or voltage of either or both of said circuits. This is also the generic class for transformer systems and impedance systems.

Subclass 222: Using choke and switch across source
Subclass 266: Including pre or post regulation
Subclass 274: With threshold detection

Class 235: Registers

Machines employed for ascertaining the number of movements of various devices or machines; also, indicating devices where the purpose is to disclose the numerical extent or quantity of movement of a machine and where the device is separate and independent of the machine whose movements are to be noted; also organized machines, such as, cash-registers, fare-registers, voting machines and calculators having registering or counting devices as essential or important elements and having in addition certain other features necessary to make up the complete machines for the purposes desired.

Subclass 10: Drawer operated

Class D18: Printing And Office Machinery

Ornamental designs for: typewriter or calculator; copy reproducing equipment; document handler; printing equipment; type or type face; book binding machines, printers, stapling machines and equipment; pneumatic dispatch tube or system; miscellaneous.

Class 708: Electrical Computers: Arithmetic Processing And Calculating

This is the generic class for electrical apparatus and corresponding methods for performing calculation operations. There are three main divisions: 1. electrical hybrid calculating computers; 2. electrical digital calculating computers; 3. electrical analog calculating computers.

Subclass 130: Programmable calculator
Subclass 145: Plural function key

Class 361: Electricity: Electrical Systems And Devices

Systems or devices which provide safety and protection for other systems and devices; control circuits for electromagnetic devices and non-electromagnetic-type relays. Systems or devices which discharge, or prevent the accumulation of electrical charge on or in an object or material; circuits for charging objects or materials. Systems for generating or conducting an electric charge. Systems which process electrical speed signals. Circuits for reversing the polarity of an electric circuit. Systems which cause the ignition of a fuel or an explosive charge. Systems and processes for demagnetizing a magnetic field. Transformers and inductors with integral switch, capacitor or lock. Electrostatic capacitors, per se. Housings and mounting assemblies with plural diverse electrical components. Electrolytic systems and devices.

Subclass 220: Specific conduction means or dissipator
Subclass 688: With cooling means
Subclass 690: Air
Subclass 691: Pressurized or conditioned
Subclass 692: Plural Openings
Subclass 693: Circular
Subclass 694: With air circulating means
Subclass 695: Fan or blower
Subclass 696: With heat exchanger unit
Subclass 697: With heat sink or cooling fins
Subclass 700: Change of physical state
Subclass 703: With cooling fins
Subclass 704: Thermal conduction
Subclass 710: Details
Subclass 717: For active solid state devices
Subclass 718: For integrated circuit
Subclass 719: Circuit board mounted
Subclass 720: For printed circuit board
Subclass 726: With locking means or device
Subclass 729: Plural
Subclass 732: Having lock or interlock
Subclass 733: Selective connections
Subclass 752: With housing or chassis
Subclass 784: Plural
Subclass 785: With separable connector or socket means
Subclass 788: Having backplane connection
Subclass 789: Having flexible connector
Subclass 797: Storage or file cabinet
Subclass 798: With ejector or extractor
Subclass 800: With Shielding Structure
Subclass 801: Specific latching or retaining device
Subclass 807: Component mounting or support means
Subclass 809: With discrete structure or support
Subclass 816: Shielding
Subclass 818: EMI

Class 70: Locks

A lock is defined as a securing device or a plurality of devices including mechanism requiring means unknown or inaccessible to or beyond the control of the public, or secret means, or secret knowledge, or a combination of such means and knowledge for successful normal operation to a releasing condition. Generally, these devices embody fixed or movable blocking elements or impediments hindering or precluding unauthorized or suppertitious manipulation except by the means above noted, or secret knowledge, usually a special, prearranged or predetermined key or combination of movements.

Class 363: Electric Power Conversion Systems

Conversion systems wherein a single electrical source circuit is coupled to a single electrical load circuit.

Subclass 16: Having transistorized inverter
Subclass 89: With transistor control means in the line circuit

Class 320: Electricity: Battery Or Capacitor Charging Or Discharging

Method or apparatus for controlled or regulated charging, discharging, or combined charging and discharging of one or more voltaic cells, batteries, or capacitors. Charging or electrically rejuvenating (e.g., depolarizing, etc.) a voltaic cell, battery, or electrical capacitor, wherein said charging or rejuvenating is accomplished by controlled addition of electrical energy into the cell, battery, or capacitor. Discharging - a voltaic cell, battery, or electrical capacitor, wherein discharging is accomplished by controlled release of electrical. A cell, battery, or capacitor structurally combined with a generator or electrical converter, whether or not electrical interconnection therebetween is recited.

Subclass 110: For diverse sizes of cells, batteries, or battery packs
Subclass 132: With state-of-charge detection

Class 174: Electricity: Conductors And Insulators

This class is for inventions relating to the structure of electrical conductors and insulators and insulators and the apparatus specialized to mounting, supporting, encasing in conduits, and/or housing the same. Conductors may be bare or be encased in insulation, may be single strand or plural strand, may be of single conductor form or there may be a plurality of conductors associated together to form a cable. Since all materials that have the property of being conductors of electricity and all devices made therefrom may be termed electrical conductors, only those structures that are specially designed to conduct electricity as their proximate purpose are placed in this class. Insulators are placed here when the structure thereof is claimed, which structure is specially designed for spacing two or more devices of different electrical potential from each other or for spacing one or more devices from ground. Since all materials which are poor conductors of electricity and devices made therefrom may be termed electrical insulators, only those structures whose proximate purpose is that already stated. Conduits are placed in this class only when some characteristic is claimed which limits the same to the electrical use.

Subclass 15.2: By heat pipe
Subclass 16.1: By ventilation or gas circulation
Subclass 16.3: With heat sink
Subclass 383: Vents
Subclass 390: Particular shape

Class 62: Refrigeration

(1) processes and apparatus peculiar to removing heat from a substance, usually by a change of phase of a coolant or refrigerant, as by evaporation, melting or sublimation, (2) the resultant product of part (1), e.g., ice, liquefied or solidified gases, and (3) processes and apparatus peculiar to handling the latter as a stored product, not elsewhere provided for.

Subclass 259.2: With electrical component cooling

Class 165: Heat Exchange

Apparatus or process not provided for in other classes for transferring heat, or apparatus or process not provided for in other classes relating to an auxiliary device particularly adapted to be used with such heat transfer apparatus.

Subclass 104.21: Utilizing change of state
Subclass 104.33: Cooling electrical device
Subclass 121: Mechanical gas pump
Subclass 125: Radial flow through annular heating or cooling means
Subclass 80.3: Air cooled, including fins

Class 307: Electrical Transmission Or Interconnection Systems

This is the residual class for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to electrical transmission or interconnection systems.

Subclass 150: Power packs

Class 16: Miscellaneous Hardware

Specific articles of hardware not otherwise classified. It comprises such articles as carpet-fasteners, door-hangers, sash-cord fasteners, sash-weights, hinges, door checks and closures, sash-balances, furniture-casters, etc.

Subclass 422: Detachable handle
Subclass 265: Axially shifting hinge sections
Subclass 266: At specific angular orientation of hinge sections
Subclass 267: Hook and pin

Class 709: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for transferring data or instruction information between a plurality of computers wherein the computers employ the data or instructions before or after transferring and the employing affects said transfer of data or instruction information. The class includes - process or apparatus for transferring data among a plurality of spatially distributed (i.e., situated, at plural locations) computers or digital data processing systems via one or more communications media (e.g., computer networks).

Subclass 208: Scaling

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 815.47: Switchboard or panel type (e.g., bullseye)

Class 713: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Support

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes or apparatus for: 1. establishing original operating parameters or data for a computer or digital data processing system, such as, allocating extended or expanded memory, specifying device drivers, paths, files, buffers, disk management, etc.; 2. for changing system settings or operational modes in a computer or digital data processing system after they have been set; 3. for increasing a systemís extension of protection of system hardware,software, or data frm maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure; 4. for modifying or responding to the available power to a computer or digital data processing system or programmable calculator; 5. for synchronization of two or more processors; 6. wherein a clock or timing signals, timing pulses, or data associated with the control or regulation of any one or combination of processing components, memory components, and peripheral components are caused to operate in synchronization; 7. for generation, division, or distribution of clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals in a computer or digital data processing system from one or more sources into groups of continuous and successive time increments, and including event timing and counting, and the correction of the clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals; 8. wherein there is a significant temporal, incremental or sequencing control provided to one or more computers, digital data processing systems, processors, memory, or peripherals, or to data transmission between these systems or components.


Class 714: Error Detection/Correction And Fault Detection/Recovery

This class provides for process or apparatus for detecting and correcting errors in electrical pulse or pulse coded data; it also provides for process or apparatus for detecting and recovering from faults in electrical computers and digital data processing systems, as well as logic level based systems.

Subclass 14: Of power supply
Subclass 46: Operator interface for diagnosing or testing
Subclass 709: Data pulse evaluation/bit decision
Subclass 718: Memory testing
Subclass 724: Digital logic testing

Class 439: Electrical Connectors

This is the generic class for a pair of mated conductors comprising at least two electrically conducting elements which are interconnected to permit relative motion of such conducting elements during use without a break in electrical conductivity therebetween. Also, this is the generic class for a device constituting an electricity conducting contact between conductors of electricity; wherein the joint is of a type which may be readily made and broken, repeatedly by attachment and detachment of contact supporting structure on each conductor.

Subclass 157: Integral retainer and cam separator
Subclass 197: For urging contact toward or away from mating contact
Subclass 298: Including resilient latching retaining means
Subclass 328: Fingerlike grasping means comprising portion of coupling part
Subclass 347: Laterally moving slide
Subclass 352: With additional means to cause or prevent unlatching
Subclass 377: For guiding side of movable panel, e.g., circuit board
Subclass 489: Connection indicating provision
Subclass 64: With guide for directing panel circuit movement
Subclass 67: Flexible panel
Subclass 701: Having modular or multipart insulating body
Subclass 862: Having cantilevered spring contact finger

Class 250: Radiant Energy

This class provides for all methods and apparatus for using, generating, controlling or detecting radiant energy, combinations including such methods or apparatus, subcombinations of same and accessories therefore not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 203.6: Airborne target, or spaceborne target other than the sun (e.g., star or missile)
Subclass 559.3: With alignment detection
Subclass 559.32: Measuring rate of motion or flow (change of position)

Class 356: Optics: Measuring And Testing

Methods and apparatus (1) for analyzing light to measure or test its characteristics, such as intensity, color and polarization; (2) for determining the optical or nonoptical properties of materials or articles by noting, as by inspection, measurement, or test the effect produced by the materials or articles on light associated therewith; and (3) for measuring the dimensions of structures or the spatial relationships such as distances or angle bearings of spaced points by comparison of the respective properties (usually direction or spatial position) of the light from these points or by comparison of the properties of these lights with some scale or standard. The light analyzing includes or is for spectroscopy, interference, polarization, beam direction or pattern, focal position of a light source, shade or color, and photometers. The material or article properties determined are or involve crystal or gem examination, material strain analysis, blood analysis, optical pyrometers, egg candling, cutting blade sharpness, oil testing, document verification, flatness, lens or reflector testing, refraction testing, monitoring moving webs or fabrics, light transmission or absorption, light reflection, inspection for flaws or imperfections in materials, and thread counting. The dimensioning and spatial relationship determination includes triangulation by a light beam, contour plotting, range or height finders, motion stopping, velocity or velocity/height measuring, sighting where the optical element or reticle moves with the sighted object, particle size determination, particle light scattering, electrophoresis, angle measuring or axial alignment, mensuration or configuration comparison, alignment in a lateral direction, and fiducial instruments.

Subclass 400: With light detector (e.g., photocell)

Class 415: Rotary Kinetic Fluid Motors Or Pumps

This is the class for apparatus, and corresponding methods of operating such apparatus, comprising a runner, and in which a working fluid is guided to, around, or from, the runner. A means for guiding or confining, the working fluid must be present. This class includes typically turbines, wind and water wheels, centrifugal pumps and blowers; and such casings, conduits, guide means and other elements peculiar to the subject matter of this class not otherwise classifiable.

Subclass 123: Brake or clutch
Subclass 141: Yieldingly or pivotedly mounted or flexible blade

Class 416: Fluid Reaction Surfaces (I.E., Impellers)

This class provides the locus for all fluid impellers not elsewhere classifiable. The working fluid, which is acted on by or acts upon the impeller, may be a liquid or gas.

Subclass 88: Variable work surface or non-rigid connection
Subclass 143: Member movement in rotation plane
Subclass 186A: Adjustable blade or part

Class 257: Active Solid-State Devices (E.G., Transistors, Solid-State Diodes)

This class provides for active solid-state electronic devices, that is, electronic devices or components that are made up primarily of solid materials, usually semiconductors, which operate by the movement of charge carriers - electrons or holes - which undergo energy level changes within the material and can modify an input voltage to achieve rectification, amplification, or switching action, and are not classified elsewhere.

Subclass 707: Directly attached to semiconductor device
Subclass 712: With provision for cooling the housing or its contents
Subclass 713: For integrated circuit
Subclass 719: Pressed against semiconductor element
Subclass 722: With fins
Subclass E23.086: Snap-on arrangements, e.g., clips (EPO)
Subclass E23.09: Auxiliary members in containers characterized by their shape, e.g., pistons (EPO)
Subclass E23.094: Pistons, e.g., spring-loaded members (EPO)
Subclass E23.099: By flowing gases, e.g., air (EPO)
Subclass E23.101: Selection of materials, or shaping, to facilitate cooling or heating, e.g., heat sinks (EPO)
Subclass E23.102: Cooling facilitated by shape of device (EPO)
Subclass E23.104: Characterized by shape of housing (EPO)

Class 24: Buckles, Buttons, Clasps, Etc.

Buckles, buttons, clasps, cord and rope holders, pins, separable fasteners, etc., which have become so varied in use and so allied in structure as to belong to no specific art, but are novel only as to their structures. There are, however, several types of fastenings included where the devices are but slightly identified with the art and are closely analogous to the main titles above cited. Such patents are retained under more or less art titles. Devices which embrace fastenings as above, but also include elements which connect them with various specific arts, have been excluded as far as practicable.

Subclass 457: With specific mounting means for attaching to rigid or semirigid supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured
Subclass 458: For cooperating with aperture in supporting structure or structure-to-be-secured

Class 429: Chemistry: Electrical Current Producing Apparatus, Product, And Process

This class is the generic class for devices which produce an electrical current by means of a chemical reaction or change in physical state (e.g., from liquid to gas, etc.). Also included are the following subject matter not provided for elsewhere. 1. Structural combinations of the device, subcombinations and elements thereof. 2. Electrolyte, compositions of the same, and process of preparation. 3. Process of operating the device. 4. Miscellaneous process involving the device.cata

Subclass 157: In end-to-end contact, e.g., stacked button-type cell, etc.
Subclass 178: Having terminal

Class G9B/33.035:

Class G9B/33.049:

Class 403: Joints And Connections

This is the generic class of connections between two or more rigid or semirigid members at substantially a single locus; connections between the ends of a single rigid or semirigid member; connections between a flaccid member and a rigid or semirigid member. In addition, this is the generic class for connecting or fastening means.

Subclass 322.1: Having operating mechanism
Subclass 325: Spring biased manipulator
Subclass 327: By separate spring
Subclass 330: Pivoted

Class 248: Supports

Devices which carry the weight of an article or articles or otherwise hold or steady it or them against the pull of gravity, and devices for holding an article to its support, which are not otherwise provided for.

Subclass 500: HOLD-DOWN
Subclass 510: CLASP-DOWN

Class 292: Closure Fasteners

Bolt elements and latching devices, not combined with lock structure, for securing in closed or adjusted position any closure element, such as a door, window, gate, trunk-lid, box-cover, bag-frame, or the like.

Subclass 242: Rigid operating means
Subclass 241: Rigid operating means

Class 411: Expanded, Threaded, Driven, Headed, Tool-Deformed, Or Locked-Threaded Fastener

This class is the locus for the following types of fasteners: An anchoring-type or holding-type fastener; a tool driven externally threaded fastener (eg. bolt, screw); a tool driven internally threaded fastener (eg. nut); an impact driven fastener (eg. nail, staple); a tool driven or discrete, headed, elongated-shank fastener adapted to be moved along its longitudinal axis into coaxial apertures in a workpiece; a tool deformed or tool driven fastener (eg. cotter pin) which is closely allied in use with the other fasteners of this class. This class is also the locus for a threaded bolt or a threaded nut.

Subclass 552: And discrete biasing spring

Class 200: Electricity: Circuit Makers And Breakers

Combinations of circuit makers and breakers with electrical plugs, sockets, or other connectors are in this class. This class includes devices known as "controllers", "circuit-closers", "switches", "circuit-breakers", "interrupters", "distributers", "thermal-cut-offs", "fuses", and "electrical thermostats".

Subclass 5D: Multiple push-button subsequent release

Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 301: Card insertion
Subclass 303: Docking station
Subclass 305: Bus interface architecture

Class 454: Ventilation

This is the parent class for apparatus and processes for supplying air to and removing it from enclosures, for distributing and circulating the air therein, or for preventing its contamination.

Subclass 186: Having blower

Class 702: Data Processing:Measuring, Calibrating, Or Testing

This class provides for apparatus and corresponding methods wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is designed for or utilized in an environment relating to a specific or generic measurement system, a calibration or correction system, or a testing system.

Subclass 108: TESTING SYSTEM
Subclass 119: Including program initialization (e.g., program loading) or code selection (e.g., program creation)
Subclass 183: Diagnostic analysis
Subclass 58: For electrical fault detection

Class 324: Electricity: Measuring And Testing

This is the residual home for all subject matter, not elsewhere classified, relating to the measuring, testing (or sensing) of electric properties, (e.g., determining ground resistivity, determining frequency of an alternating current, determining kilowatt hour demand), or the measuring, testing or sensing of nonelectric properties by electric means (e.g., determining moisture, a nonelectric property, by measuring conductance with a resistance bridge; determining speed, a nonelectric property by use of an electric tachometer).

Subclass 439: Using a conductivity determining device
Subclass 601: Calibration
Subclass 612: Parameter related to the reproduction or fidelity of a signal affected by a circuit under test
Subclass 765: Test of semiconductor device

Class 438: Semiconductor Device Manufacturing: Process

This class provides for manufacturing a semiconductor containing a solid-state device for the following purposes: (a) conducting or modifying an electrical current, (b) storing electrical energy for subsequent discharge within a microelectronic integrated circuit, or (c) converting electromagnetic wave energy to electrical energy or electrical energy to electromagnetic energy. Also operations involving: (1) coating a substrate with a semiconductive material, or (2) coating a semiconductive substrate or substrate containing a semiconductive region. It also provides for operations involving etching a semiconductive substrate or etching a substrate containing a semiconductive region. The class provides for packaging or treatment of packaged semiconductor.

Subclass 17: Electrical characteristic sensed

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 871: With support
Subclass 872: Mirror movable relative to support
Subclass 873: With rotary to linear motion converting mirror adjustment
Subclass 881: With mirror supporting column or sliding adjustment

Class 312: Supports: Cabinet Structure

Receptacles or enclosures, combined with article supporting means such as drawers, racks, shelves, etc., fixed or movable partly or wholly out of the enclosure to make the article supported more readily accessible, and enclosures combined with any nonreceptacle feature.


Class 326: Electronic Digital Logic Circuitry

This is the generic class for electronic digital logic devices, circuitry and subcombinations thereof, wherein non-arithmetical operations are performed upon discrete electrical signals representing a value normally described by numerical digits.

Subclass 30: Bus or line termination (e.g., clamping, impedance matching, etc.)