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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 463: Amusement Devices: Games

Subject matter, relating to the type of amusement, recreation, or play activity commonly known as: (1) A game, wherein one or more players or participants engage in a competition or contest involving skill, ability, strategy, or chance--against either another player or players or against a device which is intended to function as a competitive player or players; the exception being that a game which includes or utilizes a tangible projectile--other than a propelled racing game or a chance device, classified herein--is classified elsewhere. (2) A chance device. (3) A puzzle, wherein a participant"s mind is tested or otherwise challenged in an exercise of cleverness, ingenuity. (4) a fortune telling, wherein an attempt is made to predict the future. (5) device used by a person (often involved in law enforcement) to electrically shock or strike a human being so as to control said being, (e.g., a police club, night stick, black jack, brass knuckles, martial-art-type striking device, electric prod, etc.).

Subclass 36: Player-actuated control structure (e.g., brain-wave or body signal, bar-code wand, foot pedal, etc.)
Subclass 37: Hand manipulated (e.g., keyboard, mouse, touch panel, etc.)
Subclass 39: Wireless signal
Subclass 40: With communication link (e.g., television broadcast, etc.)
Subclass 41: Telephonic (e.g., modem, etc.)

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 825: SELECTIVE
Subclass 825.2: Synchronizing
Subclass 825.69: Radio link

Class 370: Multiplex Communications

This is the generic class for multiplexing or duplexing systems, methods, or apparatus.

Subclass 276: DUPLEX
Subclass 390: Replicate messages for multiple destination distribution
Subclass 392: Processing of address header for routing, per se
Subclass 432: Messages addressed to multiple destinations

Class 379: Telephonic Communications

(1) Systems, processes and instruments for the two-way electrical transmission of intelligible audio information having arbitrary content over a link including an electrical conductor, between spaced apart locations, so as to enable conversation therebetween, and intended for the private use of a listener or a group of listeners. The term "intelligible" used above is intended to include the capability for transmission of speech or the like (e.g., music), rather than restriction to a specified audible signal, such as a bell or buzzer. (2) Switching, signalling or signal transmission peculiar to, or specified as for a telephone or a telephone system, except for multiplex communications as indicated in Lines With Other Classes.

Subclass 93.13: Amusement (e.g., game, lottery)

Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass E7.075: In an intermediate station common to a plurality of user terminals (EPO)
Subclass E5.002: Multimedia set-top circuitry for digital video services (EPO)
Subclass E5.103: The additional information being controlled by a remote control apparatus (EPO)

Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 12: As input or output
Subclass 62: Peripheral adapting
Subclass 72: Application-specific peripheral adapting

Class 703: Data Processing:Structural Design, Modeling, Simulation, And Emulation

This class provides for electrical data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the following processes or apparatus: 1. for sketching or outlining of layout of a physical object or part. 2. for representing a physical process or system by mathematical expression. 3. for modeling a physical system which includes devices for performing arithmetic and some limited logic operation upon an electrical signal, such as current or voltage, which is a continuously varying representation of physical quantity. 4. for modeling to reproduce a nonelectrical device or system to predict its performance or to obtain a desired performance. 5. for modeling and reproducing an electronic device or electrical system to predict its performance or to obtain a desired performance. 6. that allows the data processing system to interpret and execute programs written for another kind of data processing system.

Subclass 27: Compatibility emulation

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 158: Including orientation sensors (e.g., infrared, ultrasonic, remotely controlled)
Subclass 161: Joystick
Subclass 473: Animation
Subclass 633: Augmented reality (real-time)

Class 273: Amusement Devices: Games

Apparatus or means, such as games and sports, by which contests of skill or chance may be engaged in among two or more participants, where the result of such contests can be indicated according to definite rules; apparatus or means, such as puzzles and fortune telling devices, by which a test of the skill or fortune of one or more persons, in accomplishing some sought result, may be obtained, chance devices being included, even if not of themselves games or elements of games, by reason of their similarity to other chance devices herein. Targets combined with devices for projecting aerial or surface projectiles or missiles against or through the targets, per se, and projectors, per se, only if the projectile passes at all times over a surface.

Subclass 148B: All video game accessories

Class 235: Registers

Machines employed for ascertaining the number of movements of various devices or machines; also, indicating devices where the purpose is to disclose the numerical extent or quantity of movement of a machine and where the device is separate and independent of the machine whose movements are to be noted; also organized machines, such as, cash-registers, fare-registers, voting machines and calculators having registering or counting devices as essential or important elements and having in addition certain other features necessary to make up the complete machines for the purposes desired.

Subclass 462.2: Aiming or positioning adjunct (e.g., viewfinder, pointer, or positioning aid)

Class 250: Radiant Energy

This class provides for all methods and apparatus for using, generating, controlling or detecting radiant energy, combinations including such methods or apparatus, subcombinations of same and accessories therefore not classifiable elsewhere.

Subclass 221: Controlled by article, person, or animal

Class 349: Liquid Crystal Cells, Elements And Systems

Cells, elements, and systems which include molecules of a material having both liquid and crystalline properties. Included in this class are those which have a significant liquid crystal cell detail or liquid crystal response or properties, and in which the liquid crystal controls or changes the optical properties of electromagnetic radiation such as direction, phase, amplitude, frequency, or polarization state. This class also provides for nominal manufacturing methods for producing significant liquid crystal cell structure.

Subclass 62: With integral optical element for guiding or distributing light from the light source
Subclass 64: Diffuser between light source and liquid crystal

Class 359: Optical: Systems And Elements

Optical elements included in this class are: Lenses; Polarizers; Diffraction gratings; Prisms; Reflectors; Filters; Projection screens; Optical Modulators; Optical Demodulators. Among the optical systems included in this class are: Compound lens systems; Light reflecting signalling systems (e.g., retroreflectors); stereoscopic systems; Binocular devices; Systems of lenticular elements; Systems involving light interference; Glare reducing systems; Light dividing and combining systems; Light control systems (e.g., light valves); building illumination with natural light; Systems for protecting or shielding elements; Optical systems whose operation depends upon polarizing, diffracting, dispersing, reflecting, or refracting light; kaleidoscopes. Further included are certain apertures, closures, and viewing devices of a specialized nature which involve no intentional reflection, refraction, or filtering of light rays. This class also includes optical elements combined with another type of structure(s) to constitute an optical element combined with a nonoptical structure or a perfection or improvement in the optical element.

Subclass 454: Unitary sheet comprising plural refracting areas

Class 341: Coded Data Generation Or Conversion

1) originating or emitting a coded set of discrete signals or 2) translating one code into another code wherein the information signal content remains the same but the formats may differ. For classification herein, at least one of the codes must be a set of pulses or digits and electrical in nature.


Class 74: Machine Element Or Mechanism

Mechanical combinations, contrivances, or devices constituting portions of machines, instruments and apparatus and consisting of two or more fixed and movable parts so combined that the motion of one compels a completely controlled or constrained motion of the other according to a law of operation inherent in and depending on the nature of the combination, and also the elemental parts of such machines not provided for in other machine element classes.

Subclass 471XY: Control moves in two planes

Class 715: Data Processing: Presentation Processing Of Document

This class provides for data processing means or steps wherein a) human perceptible elements of electronic information (i.e., text or graphics) are gathered, associated, created, formatted, edited, prepared, or otherwise processed in forming a unified collection of such information storable as a distinct entity, b) a users interaction with a computer system is used to control the presentation of display data; such interaction is interpreted and used by a data processor or computer architecture wherein system level elements of computation or data processing techniques are used prior to use with or in a specific display system, or c) a small program takes over a display screen if there are no keystrokes or mouse movements for a specified duration.

Subclass 744: Interface customization or adaption (e.g., client server)
Subclass 856: Cursor

Class 356: Optics: Measuring And Testing

Methods and apparatus (1) for analyzing light to measure or test its characteristics, such as intensity, color and polarization; (2) for determining the optical or nonoptical properties of materials or articles by noting, as by inspection, measurement, or test the effect produced by the materials or articles on light associated therewith; and (3) for measuring the dimensions of structures or the spatial relationships such as distances or angle bearings of spaced points by comparison of the respective properties (usually direction or spatial position) of the light from these points or by comparison of the properties of these lights with some scale or standard. The light analyzing includes or is for spectroscopy, interference, polarization, beam direction or pattern, focal position of a light source, shade or color, and photometers. The material or article properties determined are or involve crystal or gem examination, material strain analysis, blood analysis, optical pyrometers, egg candling, cutting blade sharpness, oil testing, document verification, flatness, lens or reflector testing, refraction testing, monitoring moving webs or fabrics, light transmission or absorption, light reflection, inspection for flaws or imperfections in materials, and thread counting. The dimensioning and spatial relationship determination includes triangulation by a light beam, contour plotting, range or height finders, motion stopping, velocity or velocity/height measuring, sighting where the optical element or reticle moves with the sighted object, particle size determination, particle light scattering, electrophoresis, angle measuring or axial alignment, mensuration or configuration comparison, alignment in a lateral direction, and fiducial instruments.

Subclass 139.03: Relative attitude indication along 3 axes with photodetection
Subclass 141.4: With optical scanning of light beam or detector

Class 702: Data Processing:Measuring, Calibrating, Or Testing

This class provides for apparatus and corresponding methods wherein the data processing system or calculating computer is designed for or utilized in an environment relating to a specific or generic measurement system, a calibration or correction system, or a testing system.

Subclass 153: 3D orientation

Class 707: Data Processing:Database And File Management Or Data Structures

This is the generic class for data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the retrieval of data stored in a database or as computer files. It provides for data processing means or steps for generic data, file and directory upkeeping, file naming, and file and database maintenance including integrity consideration, recovery, and versioning. There are three main divisions: 1. database and file accessing; 2. database schema and data structure; 3. file and database maintenance.

Subclass E17.018: In geographical information databases (EPO)