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Patent Summary

U.S. Patent Classes & Classifications Covered in this listing:

Class 345: Computer Graphics Processing And Selective Visual Display Systems

Processes and apparatus for selective electrical control of two or more light-generating or light-controlling display elements* in accordance with a received or stored image data signal. The image data includes character, graphical information or display attribute data. The image data may include, for example, information data from a peripheral input device, from the reception of a television signal, from the recognition of image data, or from the generation or creation of image data by a computer.

Subclass 158: Including orientation sensors (e.g., infrared, ultrasonic, remotely controlled)
Subclass 161: Joystick
Subclass 422: Z buffer (depth buffer)
Subclass 427: Space transformation
Subclass 473: Animation

Class 352: Optics: Motion Pictures

Structure motion picture cameras, which record motion picture cameras, upon a single actuation a series of individual photographs which are separated in time. Generally the recording rate is related to the persistence of vision when the photograph series is used to accurately portray an action. Included in this class are exhibitors which display motion pictures and the motion picture carriers for use in the exhibitors. The exhibitors may display the motion pictures by either affording the viewer a direct view of the pictures with or without the aid of optical magnifiers, or optically projecting a real image of the pictures on a surface which is visible to the viewers. The exhibitors display the individual pictures of the motion picture series sequentially at such a rate that due to the persistence of vision of the viewer an illusion of motion is created. The individual pictures of the motion picture series may be carried on an opaque or transparent base, which may be in the form of a strip, a disc, a drum or individual plates. Motion picture cameras and/or projectors with perfecting structure are also included in this class. Plural arrangements of motion picture apparatus, and motion picture apparatus which is combined with or convertible to other devices are also provided for in this class.

Subclass 50: Making a series of drawings (e.g., animation methods)

Class 434: Education And Demonstration

This is the generic class for apparatus and processes not elsewhere classifiable for: providing instruction about a subject or means; testing or grading a persons knowledge, skill, discipline, or mental or physical ability; displaying for purpose of comparison contrast, or demonstration; demonstrating characteristics and advantages of apparatus, objects, or processes; and cryptography apparatus.


Class 715: Data Processing: Presentation Processing Of Document

This class provides for data processing means or steps wherein a) human perceptible elements of electronic information (i.e., text or graphics) are gathered, associated, created, formatted, edited, prepared, or otherwise processed in forming a unified collection of such information storable as a distinct entity, b) a users interaction with a computer system is used to control the presentation of display data; such interaction is interpreted and used by a data processor or computer architecture wherein system level elements of computation or data processing techniques are used prior to use with or in a specific display system, or c) a small program takes over a display screen if there are no keystrokes or mouse movements for a specified duration.

Subclass 850: Navigation within 3D space
Subclass 861: Dynamically changed appearance (e.g., animated or live action)

Class 380: Cryptography

Equipment and processes which (a) conceal or obscure intelligible information by transforming such information so as to make the information unintelligible to a casual or unauthorized recipient, or (b) extract intelligible information from such a concealed representation, including breaking of unknown codes and messages.

Subclass 30: Public key

Class 711: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Memory

This class provides, within an electrical computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes and apparatus 1. for addressing memory wherein the processes and apparatus involve significant address manipulating (e.g., combining, translating, or mapping and other techniques for formatting and modifying address data) and are combined with specific memory configurations or memory systems; 2. for accessing and controlling memory (e.g., transferring and modifying address data, selecting storage devices, scheduling access); and 3. for forming memory addresses (e.g., virtual memory addressing, address translating, translation-lookaside buffers (TLBs), boundary checking, and page mode).

Class 713: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Support

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system, for the following processes or apparatus for: 1. establishing original operating parameters or data for a computer or digital data processing system, such as, allocating extended or expanded memory, specifying device drivers, paths, files, buffers, disk management, etc.; 2. for changing system settings or operational modes in a computer or digital data processing system after they have been set; 3. for increasing a systemís extension of protection of system hardware,software, or data frm maliciously caused destruction, unauthorized modification, or unauthorized disclosure; 4. for modifying or responding to the available power to a computer or digital data processing system or programmable calculator; 5. for synchronization of two or more processors; 6. wherein a clock or timing signals, timing pulses, or data associated with the control or regulation of any one or combination of processing components, memory components, and peripheral components are caused to operate in synchronization; 7. for generation, division, or distribution of clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals in a computer or digital data processing system from one or more sources into groups of continuous and successive time increments, and including event timing and counting, and the correction of the clock signals, pulse signals, or timing signals; 8. wherein there is a significant temporal, incremental or sequencing control provided to one or more computers, digital data processing systems, processors, memory, or peripherals, or to data transmission between these systems or components.

Subclass 166: Security levels

Class 463: Amusement Devices: Games

Subject matter, relating to the type of amusement, recreation, or play activity commonly known as: (1) A game, wherein one or more players or participants engage in a competition or contest involving skill, ability, strategy, or chance--against either another player or players or against a device which is intended to function as a competitive player or players; the exception being that a game which includes or utilizes a tangible projectile--other than a propelled racing game or a chance device, classified herein--is classified elsewhere. (2) A chance device. (3) A puzzle, wherein a participant"s mind is tested or otherwise challenged in an exercise of cleverness, ingenuity. (4) a fortune telling, wherein an attempt is made to predict the future. (5) device used by a person (often involved in law enforcement) to electrically shock or strike a human being so as to control said being, (e.g., a police club, night stick, black jack, brass knuckles, martial-art-type striking device, electric prod, etc.).

Subclass 13: Ultimate outcome dependant upon relative odds of a card or tile combination (e.g., poker, etc.)
Subclass 19: Plural matches create pattern (e.g., bingo, etc.)
Subclass 36: Player-actuated control structure (e.g., brain-wave or body signal, bar-code wand, foot pedal, etc.)
Subclass 37: Hand manipulated (e.g., keyboard, mouse, touch panel, etc.)
Subclass 39: Wireless signal

Class 273: Amusement Devices: Games

Apparatus or means, such as games and sports, by which contests of skill or chance may be engaged in among two or more participants, where the result of such contests can be indicated according to definite rules; apparatus or means, such as puzzles and fortune telling devices, by which a test of the skill or fortune of one or more persons, in accomplishing some sought result, may be obtained, chance devices being included, even if not of themselves games or elements of games, by reason of their similarity to other chance devices herein. Targets combined with devices for projecting aerial or surface projectiles or missiles against or through the targets, per se, and projectors, per se, only if the projectile passes at all times over a surface.

Subclass 148B: All video game accessories
Subclass 237: Electrical
Subclass 269: Lotto or bingo type

Class 710: Electrical Computers And Digital Data Processing Systems: Input/Output

This class provides, within a computer or digital data processing system with the following processes or apparatus for 1. transferring data from one or more peripherals to one or more computers or digital data processing systems for the latter to process, store, or further transfer or for transferring data from the computers or digital data processing systems to the peripherals; 2. for interconnecting or communicating between two or more components connected to an interconnection medium (e.g., a bus) within a single computer or digital data processing system; 3. for preventing access to a shared resource of a computer or digital data processing system; 4. for granting access to a shared resource of a computer of digital data processing system by one of a plurality of components of the computer or digital data processing system by interrogating each of the components in a predetermined order; 5. for determining which of a plurality of components of a computer or digital data processing system contending for access to a shared resource shall be granted access at any one time based upon a predetermined criteria; and 6. for stopping, halting, or suspending a current processing function within a computer or digital data processing system.

Subclass 12: As input or output
Subclass 62: Peripheral adapting
Subclass 72: Application-specific peripheral adapting

Class 703: Data Processing:Structural Design, Modeling, Simulation, And Emulation

This class provides for electrical data processing apparatus and corresponding methods for the following processes or apparatus: 1. for sketching or outlining of layout of a physical object or part. 2. for representing a physical process or system by mathematical expression. 3. for modeling a physical system which includes devices for performing arithmetic and some limited logic operation upon an electrical signal, such as current or voltage, which is a continuously varying representation of physical quantity. 4. for modeling to reproduce a nonelectrical device or system to predict its performance or to obtain a desired performance. 5. for modeling and reproducing an electronic device or electrical system to predict its performance or to obtain a desired performance. 6. that allows the data processing system to interpret and execute programs written for another kind of data processing system.

Subclass 27: Compatibility emulation

Class 340: Communications: Electrical

Communications - the handling of information or intelligence, restricted to the conveying of said information or intelligence between geographically spaced points. Information or intelligence is defined as being, matter which is handled by signaling systems or signaling devices (such as telegraph systems) or by that portion of nonsignaling systems or nonsignaling devices (such as power supply systems) which is designated in the arts as having a control function (such as the supervisory circuits which control the circuit breakers of an electric power network). Handling, as used above, is defined as being the active coaction between the tangible communication system or device and the intangible information or intelligence, and such coaction may assume various forms, such as transmission, storage, exhibiting, etc.

Subclass 825.69: Radio link

Class 341: Coded Data Generation Or Conversion

1) originating or emitting a coded set of discrete signals or 2) translating one code into another code wherein the information signal content remains the same but the formats may differ. For classification herein, at least one of the codes must be a set of pulses or digits and electrical in nature.


Class 348: Television

Generating, processing, transmitting or transiently displaying a sequence of images, either locally or remotely, in which the local light variations composing the images may change with time.

Subclass E7.075: In an intermediate station common to a plurality of user terminals (EPO)
Subclass E5.103: The additional information being controlled by a remote control apparatus (EPO)

Class 74: Machine Element Or Mechanism

Mechanical combinations, contrivances, or devices constituting portions of machines, instruments and apparatus and consisting of two or more fixed and movable parts so combined that the motion of one compels a completely controlled or constrained motion of the other according to a law of operation inherent in and depending on the nature of the combination, and also the elemental parts of such machines not provided for in other machine element classes.

Subclass 471XY: Control moves in two planes

Class 709: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Multicomputer Data Transferring

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for transferring data or instruction information between a plurality of computers wherein the computers employ the data or instructions before or after transferring and the employing affects said transfer of data or instruction information. The class includes - process or apparatus for transferring data among a plurality of spatially distributed (i.e., situated, at plural locations) computers or digital data processing systems via one or more communications media (e.g., computer networks).

Subclass 203: Compression/decompression

Class 718: Electrical Computers And Digital Processing Systems: Virtual Machine Task Or Process Management Or Task Management/Control

This class provides for an electrical computer or digital data processing system or corresponding data processing method including apparatus or steps for administrating over processor or job execution in a digital data processing system whether in a virtual machine or otherwise. Subject matter includes - virtual machine task or process management, and task management or control in general.

Subclass 105: Load balancing

Class 370: Multiplex Communications

This is the generic class for multiplexing or duplexing systems, methods, or apparatus.

Subclass 390: Replicate messages for multiple destination distribution
Subclass 392: Processing of address header for routing, per se
Subclass 432: Messages addressed to multiple destinations

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